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Federal Aviation Administration, DOT 

§ 61.157 

(ix) Automation, navigation, and 

flight path warning systems. 

(4) At least 6 hours of instruction on 

leadership, professional development, 
crew resource management, and safety 


FSTD training. 

The applicant for 

the knowledge test must receive at 
least 10 hours of training in a flight 
simulation training device qualified 
under part 60 of this chapter that rep-
resents a multiengine turbine airplane. 
The training must include the fol-

(1) At least 6 hours of training in a 

Level C or higher full flight simulator 
qualified under part 60 of this chapter 
that represents a multiengine turbine 
airplane with a maximum takeoff 
weight of 40,000 pounds or greater. The 
training must include the following 

(i) Low energy states/stalls; 
(ii) Upset recovery techniques; and 
(iii) Adverse weather conditions, in-

cluding icing, thunderstorms, and 
crosswinds with gusts. 

(2) The remaining FSTD training 

may be completed in a Level 4 or high-
er flight simulation training device. 
The training must include the fol-
lowing areas: 

(i) Navigation including flight man-

agement systems; and 

(ii) Automation including autoflight. 

Deviation authority. 

The Adminis-

trator may issue deviation authority 
from the weight requirement in para-
graph (b)(1) of this section upon a de-
termination that the objectives of the 
training can be met in an alternative 

[Doc. No. FAA–2010–0100, 78 FR 42375, July 15, 

§ 61.157

Flight proficiency. 



(1) The practical test for 

an airline transport pilot certificate is 
given for— 

(i) An airplane category and single 

engine class rating. 

(ii) An airplane category and multi-

engine class rating. 

(iii) A rotorcraft category and heli-

copter class rating. 

(iv) A powered-lift category rating. 
(v) An aircraft type rating. 

(2) A person who is applying for an 

airline transport pilot practical test 
must meet— 

(i) The eligibility requirements of 

§ 61.153; and 

(ii) The aeronautical knowledge and 

aeronautical experience requirements 
of this subpart that apply to the air-
craft category and class rating sought. 


Aircraft type rating. 

Except as pro-

vided in paragraph (c) of this section, a 
person who applies for an aircraft type 
rating to be added to an airline trans-
port pilot certificate or applies for a 
type rating to be concurrently com-
pleted with an airline transport pilot 

(1) Must receive and log ground and 

flight training from an authorized in-
structor on the areas of operation 
under this section that apply to the 
aircraft type rating; 

(2) Must receive a logbook endorse-

ment from an authorized instructor 
that certifies the applicant completed 
the training on the areas of operation 
listed under paragraph (e) of this sec-
tion that apply to the aircraft type rat-
ing; and 

(3) Must perform the practical test in 

actual or simulated instrument condi-
tions, except as provided under para-
graph (g) of this section. 



A person who applies 

for an aircraft type rating to be added 
to an airline transport pilot certificate 
or an aircraft type rating concurrently 
with an airline transport pilot certifi-
cate, and who is an employee of a cer-
tificate holder operating under part 121 
or part 135 of this chapter, does not 
need to comply with the requirements 
of paragraph (b) of this section if the 
applicant presents a training record 
that shows completion of that certifi-
cate holder’s approved training pro-
gram for the aircraft type rating. 


Upgrading type ratings. 

Any type 

rating(s) and limitations on a pilot cer-
tificate of an applicant who completes 
an airline transport pilot practical test 
will be included at the airline trans-
port pilot certification level, provided 
the applicant passes the practical test 
in the same category and class of air-
craft for which the applicant holds the 
type rating(s). 

VerDate Sep<11>2014 

16:30 Jun 25, 2019

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