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599 

Federal Aviation Administration, DOT 

§ 61.157 

type rating to be concurrently com-
pleted with an airline transport pilot 
certificate: 

(1) Must receive and log ground and 

flight training from an authorized in-
structor on the areas of operation 
under this section that apply to the 
aircraft type rating; 

(2) Must receive a logbook endorse-

ment from an authorized instructor 
that certifies the applicant completed 
the training on the areas of operation 
listed under paragraph (e) of this sec-
tion that apply to the aircraft type rat-
ing; and 

(3) Must perform the practical test in 

actual or simulated instrument condi-
tions, except as provided under para-
graph (g) of this section. 

(c)  Exceptions.  A person who applies 

for an aircraft type rating to be added 
to an airline transport pilot certificate 
or an aircraft type rating concurrently 
with an airline transport pilot certifi-
cate, and who is an employee of a cer-
tificate holder operating under part 121 
or part 135 of this chapter, does not 
need to comply with the requirements 
of paragraph (b) of this section if the 
applicant presents a training record 
that shows completion of that certifi-
cate holder’s approved training pro-
gram for the aircraft type rating. 

(d)  Upgrading type ratings. Any type 

rating(s) and limitations on a pilot cer-
tificate of an applicant who completes 
an airline transport pilot practical test 
will be included at the airline trans-
port pilot certification level, provided 
the applicant passes the practical test 
in the same category and class of air-
craft for which the applicant holds the 
type rating(s). 

(e)  Areas of operation. (1) For an air-

plane category—single engine class rat-
ing: 

(i) Preflight preparation; 
(ii) Preflight procedures; 
(iii) Takeoff and departure phase; 
(iv) In-flight maneuvers; 
(v) Instrument procedures; 
(vi) Landings and approaches to land-

ings; 

(vii) Normal and abnormal proce-

dures; 

(viii) Emergency procedures; and 
(ix) Postflight procedures. 
(2) For an airplane category—multi-

engine class rating: 

(i) Preflight preparation; 
(ii) Preflight procedures; 
(iii) Takeoff and departure phase; 
(iv) In-flight maneuvers; 
(v) Instrument procedures; 
(vi) Landings and approaches to land-

ings; 

(vii) Normal and abnormal proce-

dures; 

(viii) Emergency procedures; and 
(ix) Postflight procedures. 
(3) For a powered-lift category rat-

ing: 

(i) Preflight preparation; 
(ii) Preflight procedures; 
(iii) Takeoff and departure phase; 
(iv) In-flight maneuvers; 
(v) Instrument procedures; 
(vi) Landings and approaches to land-

ings; 

(vii) Normal and abnormal proce-

dures; 

(viii) Emergency procedures; and 
(ix) Postflight procedures. 
(4) For a rotorcraft category—heli-

copter class rating: 

(i) Preflight preparation; 
(ii) Preflight procedures; 
(iii) Takeoff and departure phase; 
(iv) In-flight maneuvers; 
(v) Instrument procedures; 
(vi) Landings and approaches to land-

ings; 

(vii) Normal and abnormal proce-

dures; 

(viii) Emergency procedures; and 
(ix) Postflight procedures. 
(f)  Proficiency and competency checks 

conducted under part 121, part 135, or 
subpart K of part 91. 
(1) Successful com-
pletion of any of the following checks 
satisfies the flight proficiency require-
ments of this section for the issuance 
of an airline transport pilot certificate 
and/or the appropriate aircraft rating: 

(i) A proficiency check under § 121.441 

of this chapter. 

(ii) Both a competency check under 

§ 135.293(a)(2) and § 135.293(b) of this 
chapter and pilot-in-command instru-
ment proficiency check under § 135.297 
of this chapter. 

(iii) Both a competency check under 

§ 91.1065 of this chapter and a pilot-in- 
command instrument proficiency 
check under § 91.1069 of this chapter. 

(2) The checks specified in paragraph 

(f)(1) of this section must be conducted 
by one of the following: 

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