14CFR vol2 chapI subchapF - 230 pages

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PART 91 - GENERAL OPERATING
50-2
Subpart A - General
91.1 Applicability.
91.3 Responsibility and authority of the
91.5 Pilot in command of aircraft requiring
91.7 Civil aircraft airworthiness.
91.9 Civil aircraft flight manual, marking,
91.11 Prohibition on interference with crewmembers.
91.13 Careless or reckless operation.
91.15 Dropping objects.
91.17 Alcohol or drugs.
91.19 Carriage of narcotic drugs, marihuana,
91.21 Portable electronic devices.
91.23 Truth-in-leasing clause requirement in
91.25 Aviation Safety Reporting Program:
91.27-91.99 [Reserved]
...
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91.179 IFR cruising altitude or flight level.
91.180 Operations
91.181 Course to be flown.
91.183 IFR communications.
91.185 IFR operations: Two-way radio communications failure.
91.187 Operation under IFR in controlled
91.189 Category II and III operations: General operating rul...
91.191 Category II and Category III manual.
91.193 Certificate of authorization for certain Category II ...
91.195-91.199 [Reserved]
Subpart C - Equipment, Instrument, and
91.201 [Reserved]
91.203 Civil aircraft: Certifications required.
91.205 Powered civil aircraft with standard
91.207 Emergency locator transmitters.
91.209 Aircraft lights.
91.211 Supplemental oxygen.
91.213 Inoperative instruments and equipment.
91.215 ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and ...
91.217 Data correspondence between automatically reported pr...
91.219 Altitude alerting system or device:
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
91.537-91.599
Subpart G - Additional Equipment and Operating Requirements ...
91.601 Applicability.
91.603 Aural speed warning device.
91.605 Transport category civil airplane
91.607 Emergency exits for airplanes carrying passengers for...
91.609 Flight data recorders and cockpit
91.611 Authorization for ferry flight with
91.613 Materials for compartment interiors.
91.615-91.699 [Reserved]
Subpart H - Foreign Aircraft Operations
91.701 Applicability.
91.702 Persons on board.
91.703 Operations of civil aircraft of U.S.
91.705 [Reserved]
91.706 Operations within airspace designed
91.707 Flights between Mexico or Canada
91.709 Operations to Cuba.
91.711 Special rules for foreign civil aircraft.
91.713 Operation of civil aircraft of Cuban
...
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91.1041 Aircraft proving and validation
91.1043 [Reserved]
91.1045 Additional equipment requirements.
91.1047 Drug and alcohol misuse education
91.1049 Personnel.
91.1050 Employment of former FAA employees.
91.1051 Pilot safety background check.
91.1053 Crewmember experience.
91.1055 Pilot operating limitations and pairing requirement.
91.1057 Flight, duty and rest time requirements; All crewmem...
91.1059 Flight time limitations and rest requirements: One o...
91.1061 Augmented flight crews.
91.1062 Duty periods and rest requirements:
91.1063 Testing and training: Applicability
91.1065 Initial and recurrent pilot testing
91.1067 Initial and recurrent flight attendant crewmember te...
91.1069 Flight crew: Instrument proficiency
91.1071 Crewmember: Tests and checks,
91.1073 Training program: General.
91.1075 Training program: Special rules.
91.1077 Training program and revision: Initial and final app...
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Subpart N - Mitsubishi MU-2B Series Special Training, Experi...
91.1701 Applicability.
91.1703 Compliance and eligibility.
91.1705 Required pilot training.
91.1707 Training program hours.
91.1709 Training program approval.
91.1711 Aeronautical experience.
91.1713 Instruction, checking, and evaluation.
91.1715 Currency requirements and flight review.
91.1717 Operating requirements.
91.1719 Credit for prior training.
91.1721 Incorporation by reference.
40101, 40103, 40105, 40113, 40120, 44101, 44111,
44701, 44704, 44709, 44711, 44712, 44715, 44716,
44717, 44722, 46306, 46315, 46316, 46504, 46506-
46507, 47122, 47508, 47528-47531, 47534, Pub. L.
114-190, 130 Stat. 615 (49 U.S.C. 44703 note); articles 12 a...
Section 1. Applicability. This rule prescribes
36Section24-47- N., long. 112Section52-00- W.; to lat. 36Sec...
112Section00-00- W. to lat. 36Section35-30- N., long. 111Sec...
...
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(c)(1) Prior to November 1, 1988, is conducted in accordance...
(d) Is a search and rescue mission directed
(e) Is conducted within 3 nautical miles of
(f) Is conducted under an IFR clearance
Section 4. Flight-free zones. Except in an
(a) Desert View Flight-Free Zone. Within
35Section59-30- N., Long. 111Section46-20- W. to 35Section59...
111Section52-00- W.; to Lat. 36Section06-00- N., Long.
111Section46-20- W.; to the point of origin; but not
(b) Bright Angel Flight-Free Zone. Within
35Section59-30- N., Long. 111Section55-30- W.; to Lat.
35Section59-30- N., Long. 112Section04-00- W.; thence counte...
35Section57-09- N., Long. 112Section08-47- W.) to Lat.
36Section01-30- N., Long. 112Section11-00- W.; to Lat.
36Section06-15- N., Long. 112Section12-50- W.; to Lat.
36Section14-40- N., Long. 112Section08-50- W.; to Lat.
36Section14-40- N., Long. 111Section57-30- W.; to Lat.
36Section12-30- N., Long. 111Section53-50- W.; to the point
(c) Shinumo Flight-Free Zone. Within an
36Section04-00- N., Long. 112Section16-40- W.; northwest
36Section12-47- N., Long. 112Section30-53- W.; to Lat.
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1. Each person shall, before conducting any
2. Notwithstanding any provision of the
a. Contrary to any restriction, prohibition,
b. When the National Air Traffic Reduced
3. Prior to or in connection with the implementation of the ...
a. Restrict, prohibit, or permit VFR and/or
b. Give priority at any airport to flights
c. Implement, at any airport, traffic management procedures,...
4. The Director may activate the National
5. Notice of restrictions, prohibitions, procedures and othe...
6. The Director may delegate his authority
1348, 1352 through 1355, 1401, 1421 through
1431, 1471, 1472, 1502, 1510, 1522, and 2121
11514, 35 FR 4247, 3 CFR, 1966-1970 Comp., p.
902; 49 U.S.C. 106(g))
17, 1991]
1. Applicability. This rule applies to the following persons...
(a) All U.S. air carriers or commercial operators.
(b) All persons exercising the privileges of
(c) All operators of aircraft registered in
...
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5. Expiration. This Special Federal Aviation
19286, Apr. 17, 1998]
Section 1. Purpose, use, and limitations
a. This SFAR permits TSO C145a/C146a
b. Certificate holders and part 91 operators
c. Operations conducted under this SFAR
(d) No person may operate an aircraft
Section 2. Definitions and abbreviations
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 3. Operational Requirements
a. Training and qualification for operations and maintenance...
b. Use authorized procedures for normal,
c. For certificate holders, training of flight
d. Part 129 operators must have approval
e. In order to operate under this SFAR, a
Section 4. Equipment Requirements
a. The certificate holder must have properly installed, cert...
b. When the aircraft is being operated
Section 5. Expiration date
21, 2003]
1. Applicability. This Special Federal Aviation Regulation (...
2. Special flight restrictions. Except as provided in paragr...
104, no air carrier described in paragraph 1
3. Permitted operations. This SFAR does not
4. Emergency situations. In an emergency
5. Duration. This SFAR No. 104 will remain
2004]
Subpart A - General
18, 1989, unless otherwise noted.
...
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Section 91.9
(c) This part applies to each person
(d) This part also establishes requirements for operators to...
(e) This part does not apply to any
(f) Except as provided in SectionSection 107.13,
107.27, 107.47, 107.57, and 107.59 of this
1999; Amdt. 91-282, 69 FR 44880, July 27, 2004;
91-314, 75 FR 30193, May 28, 2010; Docket
Section 91.3 Responsibility and authority of
(a) The pilot in command of an aircraft is directly responsi...
(b) In an in-flight emergency requiring immediate action, th...
(c) Each pilot in command who deviates from a rule under par...
Section 91.5 Pilot in command of aircraft requiring more tha...
Section 91.7 Civil aircraft airworthiness.
(a) No person may operate a civil aircraft unless it is in a...
(b) The pilot in command of a civil
Section 91.9 Civil aircraft flight manual,
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(d) of this section, no person may operate a civil aircraft ...
(b) No person may operate a U.S.-registered civil aircraft -...
Section 21.5 of this chapter, unless there is
...
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Section 91.11
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.11 Prohibition on interference
Section 91.13 Careless or reckless operation.
(a) Aircraft operations for the purpose
(b) Aircraft operations other than for
Section 91.15 Dropping objects.
Section 91.17 Alcohol or drugs.
(a) No person may act or attempt to
210 liters of breath.
(b) Except in an emergency, no pilot
(c) A crewmember shall do the following:
(i) The law enforcement officer is authorized under State or...
(a)(4) of this section, on request of the
(d) Whenever the Administrator has a
(e) Any test information obtained by
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Section 91.23
Section 91.19 Carriage of narcotic drugs,
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, no person may operate a civil aircraft ...
(b) Paragraph (a) of this section does
Section 91.21
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, no person may operate, nor may any oper...
(b) Paragraph (a) of this section does
(c) In the case of an aircraft operated
Section 91.23 Truth-in-leasing clause requirement in leases ...
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, the parties to a
2, 1973, shall execute a written lease or
(b) The requirements of paragraph (a)
(i) The party to whom the aircraft is
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.25
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) No person may operate a large
(i) The location of the airport of departure;
(d) The copy of the lease or contract
(c) of this section is commercial or financial information o...
(e) For the purpose of this section, a
25, 1989; Amdt. 91-253, 62 FR 13253, Mar. 19,
1997; Amdt. 91-267, 66 FR 21066, Apr. 27, 2001]
Section 91.25 Aviation Safety Reporting Program: Prohibition...
Subpart B - Flight Rules
18, 1989, unless otherwise noted.
Section 91.101 Applicability.
Section 91.103 Preflight action.
(a) For a flight under IFR or a flight
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Section 91.107
(b) For any flight, runway lengths at
Section 91.105 Flight crewmembers at stations.
(a) During takeoff and landing, and
(b) Each required flight crewmember
15, 1992]
Section 91.107 Use of safety belts, shoulder
(a) Unless otherwise authorized by
(i) Be held by an adult who is occupying an approved seat or...
(a)(3)(iii)(A) of this section provided
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Section 91.109
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a)(3)(iii)(B)(4) of this action, the approved child restrai...
(i)  - This child restraint system conforms to all applicabl...
(a)(3)(iii)(B)(1)
(a)(3)(iii)(B)(2) of this section must
Section 21.305(d) (2010 ed.) of this chapter may
Section 91.107(a)(3)(iii)(B)(3)(iii)
Section 91.107(a)(3)(iii)(B)(3)(iv), booster-type
(b) Unless otherwise stated, this section does not apply to ...
4, 1996; Amdt. 91-289, 70 FR 50906, Aug. 26,
2005; Amdt. 91-292, 71 FR 40009, July 14, 2006;
Section 91.109 Flight instruction; Simulated
(a) No person may operate a civil aircraft (except a manned ...
(b) An airplane equipped with a single, functioning throwove...
Section 61.56 of this chapter, or to obtain recent flight ex...
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Section 91.113
(c) No person may operate a civil aircraft in simulated inst...
(i) The safety pilot has determined
(d) No person may operate a civil aircraft that is being use...
31, 2011]
Section 91.111 Operating near other aircraft.
(a) No person may operate an aircraft
(b) No person may operate an aircraft
(c) No person may operate an aircraft, carrying passengers f...
Section 91.113 Right-of-way
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
(a) Inapplicability. This section does
(b) General. When weather conditions
(c) In distress. An aircraft in distress
(d) Converging. When aircraft of the
(e) Approaching head-on. When aircraft are approaching each ...
(f) Overtaking. Each aircraft that is
(g) Landing. Aircraft, while on final
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Section 91.115
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
27, 2004]
Section 91.115 Right-of-way rules: Water operations.
(a) General. Each person operating an
(b) Crossing. When aircraft, or an aircraft and a vessel, ar...
(c) Approaching head-on. When aircraft, or an aircraft and a...
(d) Overtaking. Each aircraft or vessel
(e) Special circumstances. When aircraft, or an aircraft and...
Section 91.117 Aircraft speed.
(a) Unless otherwise authorized by
250 knots (288 m.p.h.).
(b) Unless otherwise authorized or required by ATC, no perso...
(c) No person may operate an aircraft
200 knots (230 mph).
(d) If the minimum safe airspeed for
24, 1990; Amdt. 91-227, 56 FR 65657, Dec. 17,
1991; Amdt. 91-233, 58 FR 43554, Aug. 17, 1993]
Section 91.119 Minimum safe altitudes: General.
(a) Anywhere. An altitude allowing, if
(b) Over congested areas. Over any
...
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Section 91.125
2010]
27.91 through 27.42 ...........................................
27.41 through 26.92 ...........................................
Section 91.121 Altimeter settings.
(a) Each person operating an aircraft
(i) The current reported altimeter
29.92- Hg.
(b) The lowest usable flight level is
29.92
29.91
29.41
28.91
28.41
27.91
27.41
(c) To convert minimum altitude prescribed under SectionSect...
...
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Section 91.126
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.126 Operating on or in the vicinity
(a) General. Unless otherwise authorized or required, each p...
(b) Direction of turns. When approaching to land at an airpo...
(c) Flap settings. Except when necessary for training or cer...
(d) Communications with control towers. Unless otherwise aut...
11, 1994; Amdt. 91-282, 69 FR 44880, July 27,
2004]
Section 91.127 Operating on or in the vicinity
(a) Unless otherwise required by part
93 of this chapter or unless otherwise
Section 91.126.
(b) Departures. Each pilot of an aircraft must comply with a...
(c) Communications with control towers. Unless otherwise aut...
11, 1994]
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Section 91.129
Section 91.129 Operations in Class D airspace.
(a) General. Unless otherwise authorized or required by the ...
(b) Deviations. An operator may deviate from any provision o...
(c) Communications. Each person operating an aircraft in Cla...
(i) From the primary airport or satellite airport with an op...
(d) Communications failure. Each person who operates an airc...
Section 91.185 of the part.
(i) Weather conditions are at or
(e) Minimum altitudes when operating
(i) Operate that airplane at an altitude at or above the gli...
(f) Approaches. Except when conducting a circling approach u...
97 of this chapter or unless otherwise
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Section 91.130
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(g) Departures. No person may operate an aircraft departing ...
(h) Noise abatement. Where a formal
Section 91.3(a), ATC may assign a different
(i) Takeoff, landing, taxi clearance. No
20, 1993; Amdt. 91-296, 72 FR 31678, June 7,
2007; 77 FR 28250, May 14, 2012]
Section 91.130 Operations in Class C airspace.
(a) General. Unless otherwise authorized by ATC, each aircra...
Section 91.129. For the purpose of this section,
(b) Traffic patterns. No person may
(c) Communications. Each person operating an aircraft in Cla...
(i) From the primary airport or satellite airport with an op...
(d) Equipment requirements. Unless
(e) Deviations. An operator may deviate from any provision o...
30, 1993; Amdt. 91-239, 59 FR 11693, Mar. 11,
1994; Amdt. 91-314, 75 FR 30193, May 28, 2010]
Section 91.131 Operations in Class B airspace.
(a) Operating rules. No person may operate an aircraft withi...
Section 91.129 and the following rules:
...
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Section 91.135
(b) Pilot requirements. (1) No person
(i) The pilot in command holds at
(b)(1)(iv) of this section, no person may
(c) Communications and navigation
(d) Other equipment requirements. No
Section 91.225.
27, 2004; Amdt. 91-296, 72 FR 31678, June 7,
2007; Amdt. 91-314, 75 FR 30193, May 28, 2010]
Section 91.133 Restricted
(a) No person may operate an aircraft
(b) Each person conducting, within a
Section 91.135 Operations in Class A airspace.
(a) Clearance. Operations may be conducted only under an ATC...
(b) Communications. Unless otherwise
(c) Equipment requirements. Unless
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Section 91.137
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) ATC authorizations. An operator
28, 2010]
Section 91.137 Temporary flight restrictions
(a) The Administrator will issue a
(b) When a NOTAM has been issued
(c) When a NOTAM has been issued
(d) When a NOTAM has been issued
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.139
(e) Flight plans filed and notifications made with an FSS or...
Section 91.138 Temporary flight restrictions
(a) When the Administrator has determined, pursuant to a req...
(b) When a NOTAM has been issued in
(c) A NOTAM issued under this section is effective for 90 da...
11, 2001]
Section 91.139
(a) This section prescribes a process
(b) Whenever the Administrator determines that an emergency ...
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Section 91.141
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) When a NOTAM has been issued
Section 91.141 Flight restrictions in the proximity of the P...
Section 91.143 Flight limitation in the proximity of space f...
2004]
Section 91.144 Temporary
(a) Special flight restrictions. When any
(b) Waivers. The Administrator is authorized to waive any re...
37669, July 25, 1994]
Section 91.145 Management of aircraft operations in the vici...
(a) The FAA will issue a Notice to
(b) In deciding whether a temporary
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Section 91.146
(c) A NOTAM issued under this section will state the name of...
(d) When a NOTAM has been issued in
(e) For the purpose of this section:
3 nautical mile radius from the center
(f) A NOTAM issued under this section will be issued at leas...
(g) When warranted, the FAA Administrator may exclude the fo...
11, 2001]
Section 91.146 Passenger-carrying flights for
(a) Definitions. For purposes of this
(b) Passenger carrying flights for the
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Section 91.147
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) (1) Passenger-carrying flights or
(d) Pilots and sponsors of events described in this section ...
(e) At least seven days before the
2007, as amended by Amdt. 91-308, 74 FR
32804, July 9, 2009]
Section 91.147 Passenger carrying flights for
(a) For the purposes of this section
(b) An Operator must comply with
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Section 91.155
(c) Each application for a Letter of
(d) The Operator must register and
(e) The Operator must comply with
2007, as amended by Amdt. 91-307, 74 FR
22652, May 14, 2009; Amdt. 91-320, 76 FR 8893,
Section 91.151 Fuel requirements for flight in
(a) No person may begin a flight in
(b) No person may begin a flight in a
Section 91.153 VFR flight plan: Information
(a) Information required. Unless otherwise authorized by ATC...
(b) Cancellation. When a flight plan
Section 91.155
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section and Section 91.157, no person may operat...
3 statute miles ....
3 statute miles ....
3 statute miles ....
500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
...
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Section 91.157
10,000 feet
10,000 feet
1,200 feet or
Section 91.155(b).
Section 91.155(b).
Section 91.155(b).
10,000 feet
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
2,000 feet horizontal.
3 statute miles ....
500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
1,000 feet below.
5 statute miles ....
1,000 feet above.
1 statute mile horizontal.
1 statute mile ......
3 statute miles ....
500 feet below.
...
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Section 91.161
(i) The person being granted the ATC
61 of this chapter; and
(c) No person may take off or land an
1 statute mile; or
(i) The flight is conducted under this
(d) The determination of visibility by
(c)(2) of this section is not an official
27, 1995; Amdt. 91-262, 65 FR 16116, Mar. 24,
2000]
Section 91.159 VFR cruising altitude or flight
(a) When operating below 18,000 feet
(b) When operating above 18,000 feet
27, 2003; 68 FR 70133, Dec. 17, 2003]
Section 91.161 Special awareness training required for pilot...
(a) Operations within a 60-nautical mile
(b) Special Awareness Training. The
(c) Inspection of certificate of training
(d) Emergency declared. The failure to
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) Exceptions. The requirements of
12, 2008]
Section 91.167 Fuel requirements for flight in
(a) No person may operate a civil aircraft in IFR conditions...
(b) of this section, fly from that airport
(b) Paragraph (a)(2) of this section
(i) For aircraft other than helicopters.
Section 91.169 IFR flight plan: Information
(a) Information required. Unless otherwise authorized by ATC...
(a) of this part;
(b) of this section, an alternate airport.
(b) Paragraph (a)(2) of this section
(i) For aircraft other than helicopters.
(c) IFR alternate airport weather minima. Unless otherwise a...
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Section 91.171
(i) For aircraft other than helicopters:
(d) Cancellation. When a flight plan
2000]
Section 91.171 VOR equipment check for IFR
(a) No person may operate a civil aircraft under IFR using t...
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, each person conducting a VOR check unde...
(a)(2) of this section shall - 
6 degrees); or
(i) Select a VOR radial that lies
(c) If dual system VOR (units independent of each other exce...
(d) Each person making the VOR
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Section 91.173
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.173 ATC clearance and flight plan
(a) Filed an IFR flight plan; and
(b) Received an appropriate ATC
Section 91.175 Takeoff and landing under
(a) Instrument approaches to civil airports. Unless otherwis...
(b) Authorized DA/DH or MDA. For the
(c) Operation below DA/DH or MDA.
(i) The approach light system, except
100 feet above the touchdown zone elevation using the approa...
(v) The runway end identifier lights.
(x) The runway lights.
(d) Landing. No pilot operating an
Section 91.176 of this part, the requirements of
(e) Missed approach procedures. Each
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Section 91.175
(f) Civil airport takeoff minimums. This
135 of this chapter.
(i) For aircraft, other than helicopters, having two engines...
(f)(4) of this section, no pilot may takeoff under IFR from ...
(i) For part 121 and part 135 operators, the pilot uses a ta...
(g) Military airports. Unless otherwise
(h) Comparable values of RVR and
1,600
2,400
3,200
4,000
4,500
5,000
6,000
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
(i) Operations on unpublished routes
5-8
3-4
...
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Section 91.175
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(j) Limitation on procedure turns. In
(k) ILS components. The basic components of an ILS are the l...
(l) Approach to straight-in landing operations below DH, or ...
(i) The approach light system (if installed); or
(i) The lights or markings of the
(i) For parts 119 and 125 certificate
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Section 91.175
(m) For purposes of this section,
(i) The displayed EFVS imagery, attitude symbology, flight p...
(n) Before March 13, 2018, a person
27, 2001; Amdt. 91-281, 69 FR 1640, Jan. 9, 2004;
91-306, 74 FR 20205, May 1, 2009; Docket FAA-
2013-0485, Amdt. 91-345, 81 FR 90172, Dec. 13,
2016]
2013-0485, Amdt. 91-345, 81 FR 90172, Dec. 13,
2016, Section 91.175 was amended by revising paragraph (c) i...
(l), (m), and (n), effective Mar. 13, 2018. For
Section 91.175
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
(e) * * *
(c) Operation below DA/DH or MDA. Except
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Section 91.176
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.176 Straight-in landing operations
(a) EFVS operations to touchdown and
(v) The aircraft must continuously be
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Section 91.176
121, 125, or 135 of this chapter that
(x) A person conducting operations
135.225 of this chapter may continue an
(i) The pilot determines that the enhanced flight visibility...
100 feet above the touchdown zone elevation of the runway of...
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Section 91.176
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) EFVS operations to 100 feet above
(v) For operations conducted under
121, 125, or 135 of this chapter that
(x) A person conducting an EFVS operation during an authoriz...
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Section 91.177
Section 135.225 of this chapter may continue
(i) The pilot determines that the enhanced flight visibility...
(c) Public aircraft certification and
(d) Exception for Experimental Aircraft.
(a)(1)(i),
(a)(2)(iii),
(b)(1)(i),
(b)(2)(iii) of this section does not apply
90172, Dec. 13, 2016; 82 FR 2193, Jan. 9, 2017]
Section 91.177 Minimum altitudes for IFR operations.
(a) Operation of aircraft at minimum altitudes. Except when ...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.179
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) In the case of operations over an
2,000 feet above the highest obstacle
1,000 feet above the highest obstacle
(b) Climb. Climb to a higher minimum
7, 2007; Amdt. 91-315, 75 FR 30690, June 2, 2010]
Section 91.179 IFR cruising altitude or flight
(a) In controlled airspace. Each person
(b) In uncontrolled airspace. Except
(i) On a magnetic course of zero degrees through 179 degrees...
3,000, 5,000, or 7,000); or
2,000, 4,000, or 6,000).
(i) On a magnetic course of zero degrees through 179 degrees...
(i) On a magnetic course of zero degrees through 179 degrees...
(i) On a magnetic course of zero degrees through 179 degrees...
370, 390, 410); or
27, 2003; 68 FR 70133, Dec. 17, 2003; Amdt. 91-
296, 72 FR 31679, June 7, 2007]
Section 91.180 Operations within airspace
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
...
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Section 91.181
Section 91.185
(a) On an ATS route, along the centerline of that airway.
(b) On any other route, along the direct course between the ...
7, 2007]
Section 91.183
(a) The time and altitude of passing
(b) Any unforecast weather conditions encountered; and
(c) Any other information relating to
7, 2007]
Section 91.185 IFR
(a) General. Unless otherwise authorized by ATC, each pilot ...
(b) VFR conditions. If the failure occurs in VFR conditions,...
(c) IFR conditions. If the failure occurs in IFR conditions,...
(b) of this section cannot be complied
(i) The altitude or flight level assigned in the last ATC cl...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.187
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.187 Operation under IFR in controlled airspace: M...
(a) The pilot in command of each aircraft operated in contro...
(b) In each report required by paragraph (a) of this section...
Section 91.189 Category II and III operations:
(a) No person may operate a civil aircraft in a Category II ...
(b) Unless otherwise authorized by
(c) Authorized DA/DH. For the purpose of this section, when ...
(d) Except as provided in Section 91.176 of
(i) The approach light system, except
100 feet above the touchdown zone elevation using the approa...
(v) The touchdown zone or touchdown zone markings.
(e) Except as provided in Section 91.176 of
(d) of this section are not met.
(f) No person operating an aircraft
(g) Paragraphs (a) through (f) of this
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.203
17, 2003; Amdt. 91-296, 72 FR 31679, June 7,
2007; Docket FAA-2013-0485, Amdt. 91-345, 81
Section 91.191 Category II and Category III
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, after August 4, 1997,
(b) Each operator must keep a current copy of each approved ...
(c) This section does not apply to operations conducted by a...
135 of this chapter or a holder of management specifications...
17, 2003]
Section 91.193 Certificate of authorization
Subpart C - Equipment, Instrument, and Certificate Requireme...
18, 1989, unless otherwise noted.
Section 91.201
Section 91.203 Civil
(a) Except as provided in Section 91.715, no
Section 21.197(c), or an authorization under
Section 91.611) must have on it the registration number assi...
Section 47.31(c), a Certificate of Aircraft registration as ...
(b) No person may operate a civil aircraft unless the airwor...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 91.205
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) No person may operate an aircraft
(d) No person may operate a civil airplane (domestic or fore...
10, 1990; Amdt. 91-318, 75 FR 41983, July 20,
2010; Amdt. 91-338, 80 FR 78648, Dec. 16, 2015]
Section 91.205 Powered civil aircraft with
(a) General. Except as provided in
(b) Visual-flight rules (day). For VFR
(i) The date of manufacture of an airplane is the date the i...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.205
(c) Visual flight rules (night). For VFR
(d) Instrument flight rules. For IFR
(i) Airplanes with a third attitude instrument system usable...
(e) Flight at and above 24,000 feet MSL
50 states and the District of Columbia
240 to the next airport of intended
(f) Category II operations. The requirements for Category II...
(g) Category III operations. The instruments and equipment r...
(h) Night vision goggle operations. For
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.207
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) Exclusions. Paragraphs (f) and (g)
135 of this chapter.
26, 1990; Amdt. 91-223, 56 FR 41052, Aug. 16,
1991; Amdt. 91-231, 57 FR 42672, Sept. 15, 1992;
91-251, 61 FR 34560, July 2, 1996; Amdt. 91-285,
69 FR 77599, Dec. 27, 2004; Amdt. 91-296, 72 FR
31679, June 7, 2007; Amdt. 91-309, 74 FR 42563,
91-346, 81 FR 96700, Dec. 30, 2016]
Section 91.207 Emergency locator transmitters.
(a) Except as provided in paragraphs
(e) and (f) of this section, no person
(i) Those operations governed by the
1995, an emergency locator transmitter
(b) Each emergency locator transmitter required by paragraph...
(c) Batteries used in the emergency
(d) Each emergency locator transmitter required by paragraph...
(e) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of
(f) Paragraph (a) of this section does
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 91.211
50-nautical mile radius of the airport
(i) No person may operate the aircraft unless the aircraft r...
21, 1994; 59 FR 34578, July 6, 1994; Amdt. 91-
265, 65 FR 81319, Dec. 22, 2000; 66 FR 16316,
Section 91.209 Aircraft lights.
(a) During the period from sunset to
(i) Is clearly illuminated;
(i) Has lighted anchor lights; or
(b) Operate an aircraft that is
Section 91.211
(a) General. No person may operate a
12,500 feet (MSL) up to and including
14,000 feet (MSL) unless the required
14,000 feet (MSL) unless the required
15,000 feet (MSL) unless each occupant
(b) Pressurized cabin aircraft. (1) No
(i) At flight altitudes above flight
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.213
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
14,000 feet (MSL), except that the one
(b)(1)(ii) of this section, if for any reason at any time it...
Section 91.213 Inoperative instruments and
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(d) of this section, no person may take
(i) Be prepared in accordance with
(b) of this section; and
(b) The following instruments and
(c) A person authorized to use an approved Minimum Equipment...
(d) Except for operations conducted
(i) Rotorcraft, non-turbine-powered
(i) Part of the VFR-day type certification instruments and e...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.215
(i) Removed from the aircraft, the
(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, an ...
17, 2003; Amdt. 91-282, 69 FR 44880, July 27,
2004]
Section 91.215 ATC transponder and altitude
(a) All airspace: U.S.-registered civil
(b) All airspace. Unless otherwise authorized or directed by...
(b)(5) of this section, unless that aircraft is equipped wit...
30 nautical miles of an airport listed in
1 of this part provided such operations
(i) Outside any Class A, Class B, or
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.217
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) In all airspace of the 48 contiguous
(c) Transponder-on operation. While in
(b) of this section or in all controlled
(d) ATC authorized deviations. Requests for ATC authorized d...
1991; Amdt. 91-227, 56 FR 65660, Dec. 17, 1991;
229, 57 FR 34618, Aug. 5, 1992; Amdt. 91-267, 66
Section 91.217 Data correspondence between
(a) No person may operate any automatic pressure altitude re...
(b) No person may operate any automatic pressure altitude re...
28, 2010]
Section 91.219 Altitude alerting system or device: Turbojet-...
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(d) of this section, no person may operate a turbojet-powere...
(b) Each altitude alerting system or
(i) Upon approaching a preselected
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.223
(c) Each operator to which this section applies must establi...
(d) Paragraph (a) of this section does
7, 2007]
Section 91.221 Traffic alert and collision
(a) All airspace: U.S.-registered civil
(b) Traffic alert and collision avoidance
Section 91.223 Terrain awareness and warning system.
(a) Airplanes manufactured after March
29, 2002. Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this sectio...
(b) Airplanes manufactured on or before
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Section 91.225
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Airplane Flight Manual. The Airplane Flight Manual shall...
(d) Exceptions. Paragraphs (a) and (b)
Section 91.225 Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (A...
(a) After January 1, 2020, and unless
(b) After January 1, 2020, and unless
18,000 feet MSL and in airspace described in paragraph (d) o...
(i) TSO-C166b; or
(c) Operators with equipment installed with an approved devi...
(d) After January 1, 2020, and unless
(e) of this section, Class E airspace
10,000 feet MSL, excluding the airspace
(e) The requirements of paragraph (b)
(f) Each person operating an aircraft
(g) Requests for ATC authorized deviations from the requirem...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.227
(h) The standards required in this
202-741-6030,
2009) may be obtained from the U.S.
20785; telephone (301) 322-5377. Copies of
5133, telephone 202-833-9339. Copies of
28, 2010; Amdt. 91-314-A, 75 FR 37712, June 30,
2010; Amdt. 91-316, 75 FR 37712, June 30, 2010;
91-336A, 80 FR 11537, Mar. 4, 2015]
Section 91.227 Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (A...
(a) Definitions. For the purposes of
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.227
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) 1090 MHz ES and UAT Broadcast
1090 Megahertz (MHz).
(i) Class A1, A1S, A2, A3, B1S, or B1
(c) ADS-B Out Performance Requirements for NAC P, NACV, NIC,...
(b) - 
(i) The aircraft-s NACP must be less
(v) The aircraft-s SIL must be 3.
(d) Minimum Broadcast Message Element Set for ADS-B Out. Eac...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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(e) ADS-B Latency Requirements - 
2.0 seconds total by extrapolating the
(f) Equipment with an approved deviation. Operators with equ...
(g) Incorporation by Reference. The
552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. All approved
202-267-9677), or at the National Archives and Records Admin...
202-741-6030,
2009) may be obtained from the U.S.
20785; telephone (301) 322-5377. Copies of
5133, telephone 202-833-9339. Copies of
28, 2010; Amdt. 91-314-A, 75 FR 37712, June 30,
2010; Amdt. 91-316, 75 FR 37712, June 30, 2010]
Subpart D - Special Flight
18, 1989, unless otherwise noted.
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Section 91.301
Section 91.301
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.303 Aerobatic flight.
(a) Over any congested area of a city,
(b) Over an open air assembly of persons;
(c) Within the lateral boundaries of
(d) Within 4 nautical miles of the
(e) Below an altitude of 1,500 feet
(f) When flight visibility is less than
3 statute miles.
17, 1991]
Section 91.305 Flight test areas.
Section 91.307 Parachutes and parachuting.
(a) No pilot of a civil aircraft may
(a)(1) of this section.
(b) Except in an emergency, no pilot
105 of this chapter.
(c) Unless each occupant of the aircraft is wearing an appro...
(d) Paragraph (c) of this section does
(i) A certificated flight instructor; or
...
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Section 91.313
(i) A safety link is installed at the
(b) No pilot of a civil aircraft may intentionally release a...
17, 1991; Amdt. 91-282, 69 FR 44880, July 27,
2004]
Section 91.311 Towing: Other than under
Section 91.309.
Section 91.313 Restricted category civil aircraft: Operating...
(a) No person may operate a restricted category civil aircra...
(b) For the purpose of paragraph (a)
(c) No person may operate a restricted category civil aircra...
(d) No person may be carried on a restricted category civil ...
(e) Except when operating in accordance with the terms and c...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.315
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(f) This section does not apply to
(g) No person may operate a small restricted-category civil ...
91-346, 81 FR 96700, Dec. 30, 2016]
Section 91.315 Limited category civil aircraft:
Section 91.317 Provisionally certificated civil
(a) No person may operate a provisionally certificated civil...
Section 21.213 of this chapter.
(b) No person may operate a provisionally certificated civil...
(c) Unless otherwise authorized by
(d) Unless otherwise authorized by
(e) Each person operating a provisionally certificated civil...
Section 91.305 of this part.
(f) Each person operating a provisionally certificated civil...
(g) Each person operating a provisionally certificated civil...
(h) Each person operating a provisionally certificated civil...
(i) Whenever the manufacturer, or
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.319
(j) Each person operating a provisionally certificated civil...
(k) The Administrator may prescribe
25, 1989]
Section 91.319 Aircraft having experimental
(a) No person may operate an aircraft
(b) No person may operate an aircraft
(c) Unless otherwise authorized by
(d) Each person operating an aircraft
(e) No person may operate an aircraft
Section 21.191(i)(1) for compensation or hire
(f) No person may lease an aircraft
(e)(1) of this section.
(g) No person may operate an aircraft
100 hours of time in service the aircraft
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Section 91.321
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(h) The FAA may issue deviation authority providing relief f...
(i) The Administrator may prescribe
(j) No person may operate an aircraft
6 occupants.
27, 2004; Docket FAA-2016-9157, Amdt. 91-347,
82 FR 3167, Jan. 11, 2017]
Section 91.321 Carriage of candidates in elections.
(a) As an aircraft operator, you may
(b) For the purposes of this section,
2005]
Section 91.323 Increased maximum certificated weights for ce...
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Federal Aviat...
(b) The maximum certificated weight
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.327
(c) In determining the maximum certificated weight, the Admi...
(d) The maximum certificated weight
19, 1997; Docket FAA-2015-1621, Amdt. 91-346,
81 FR 96700, Dec. 30, 2016]
Section 91.325 Primary category aircraft: Operating limitati...
(a) No person may operate a primary
(b) No person may operate a primary
Section 91.327 Aircraft having a special airworthiness certi...
(a) No person may operate an aircraft
Section 91.309 of this chapter; or
(b) No person may operate an aircraft
(i) Correct the unsafe condition in a
(c) No person may operate an aircraft
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
100 hours of time in service the aircraft
(d) Each person operating an aircraft
(e) Each person operating an aircraft
(f) The FAA may prescribe additional
27, 2004]
Subpart E - Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterat...
18, 1989, unless otherwise noted.
Section 91.401
(a) This subpart prescribes rules governing the maintenance,...
(b) Sections 91.405, 91.409, 91.411,
91.417, and 91.419 of this subpart do not
135.411(a)(2) of this chapter.
(c) Sections 91.405 and 91.409 of this
27, 2001; Amdt. 91-280, 68 FR 54560, Sept. 17,
2003]
Section 91.403 General.
(a) The owner or operator of an aircraft is primarily respon...
(b) No person may perform maintenance, preventive maintenanc...
(c) No person may operate an aircraft
135 of this chapter or in accordance
...
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Section 91.409
(b) Shall ensure that maintenance
(c) Shall have any inoperative instrument or item of equipme...
(d) When listed discrepancies include
Section 91.407 Operation after maintenance,
(a) No person may operate any aircraft that has undergone ma...
Section 43.7 of this chapter; and
(b) No person may carry any person
(c) The aircraft does not have to be
Section 91.409
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, no person may operate an aircraft unles...
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, no person may operate an aircraft carry...
(c) Paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section do not apply to -...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.409
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) Progressive inspection. Each registered owner or operato...
(i) An explanation of the progressive
100-hour inspection under Section 91.409(b) is
(e) Large airplanes (to which part 125 is
Section 91.409(f).
(f) Selection of inspection program
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.411
(g) Inspection program approved under
(h) Changes from one inspection program to another. When an ...
91-267, 66 FR 21066, Apr. 27, 2001; Amdt. 91-282,
69 FR 44882, July 27, 2004]
Section 91.410
Section 91.411 Altimeter system and altitude
(a) No person may operate an airplane, or helicopter, in con...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.413
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) The tests required by paragraph
(a) of this section must be conducted
(i) An instrument rating, Class I;
(c) Altimeter and altitude reporting
(d) No person may operate an airplane, or helicopter, in con...
2001; 72 FR 7739, Feb. 20, 2007]
Section 91.413 ATC transponder tests and inspections.
(a) No persons may use an ATC transponder that is specified ...
121.345(c), or Section 135.143(c) of this chapter
(b) Following any installation or
(c) The tests and inspections specified in this section must...
(i) A radio rating, Class III;
27, 2001; Amdt. 91-269, 66 FR 41116, Aug. 6,
2001]
Section 91.415 Changes to aircraft inspection
(a) Whenever the Administrator finds
(b) The owner or operator may petition the Administrator to ...
(a) of this section.
(c) The petition must be filed with
...
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Section 91.419
(i) A description (or reference to data
(i) The total time in service of the
(v) The current status of applicable
Section 43.9(d) of this chapter for each major
(b) The owner or operator shall retain the following records...
(a)(1) of this section shall be retained
(a)(2) of this section shall be retained
Section 43.11 of this chapter shall be retained
(c) The owner or operator shall make
(d) When a fuel tank is installed
43 of this chapter, a copy of FAA Form
337 shall be kept on board the modified
2010; Amdt. 91-323, 76 FR 39260, July 6, 2011]
Section 91.419 Transfer
(a)
Section 91.417(a)(2).
(b)
Section 91.417(a)(1) which are not included in
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 91.421
Section 91.421 Rebuilt
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a) The owner or operator may use a
(b) Each manufacturer or agency
(c) For the purposes of this section, a
Subpart F - Large and TurbinePowered
18, 1989, unless otherwise noted.
Section 91.501 Applicability.
(a) This subpart prescribes operating
121, 125, 129, 135, and 137 of this chapter.
(b) Operations that may be conducted
(c) of this section;
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.503
(i) By a fractional ownership program
(b)(6) of this section may not be conducted. For a flight un...
(b)(6) of this section, the exchange of
(c) As used in this section - 
(d) The following may be charged, as
(b) (3) and (7) and (c)(1) of this section:
17, 2003]
Section 91.503 Flying equipment and operating information.
(a) The pilot in command of an airplane shall ensure that th...
(b) of this section.
(b) Each cockpit checklist must contain the following proced...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.505
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Each emergency cockpit checklist
(d) The equipment, charts, and data
Section 91.505 Familiarity with operating
(a) Each pilot in command of an airplane shall, before begin...
(b) Each required member of the crew
Section 91.507 Equipment
Section 91.509 Survival
(a) No person may take off an airplane for a flight over wat...
50 nautical miles from the nearest
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, no person may take
(c) A fractional ownership program
(b)(2) through (5) of this section.
(d) The required life rafts, life preservers, and signaling ...
(e) A survival kit, appropriately
(f) As used in this section, the term
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.513
17, 2003]
Section 91.511 Communication and navigation equipment for ov...
(a) Except as provided in paragraphs
(c), (d), and (f) of this section, no person may take off an...
(i) Two transmitters.
(b) For the purposes of paragraphs
(a)(1)(iv) and (a)(2) of this section, a receiver or electro...
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of
(a)(2) of this section malfunctions or
(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of
(e) As used in this section, the term
(f) Notwithstanding the requirements
1996; Amdt. 91-296, 72 FR 31679, June 7, 2007]
Section 91.513
(a) No person may operate an airplane unless it is equipped ...
(b) Each item of equipment - 
(c) Hand fire extinguishers must be
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.515
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) First aid kits for treatment of injuries likely to occur...
(e) Each airplane accommodating
(f) Each passenger-carrying airplane
Section 91.515 Flight altitude rules.
(a) Notwithstanding Section 91.119, and except as provided i...
(b) This section does not apply - 
Section 91.157 with an appropriate clearance
Section 91.517 Passenger information.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, no person may operate an airplane carry...
(b) The pilot in command of an airplane that is not required...
(c) If passenger information signs are
(d) Each passenger required by
Section 91.107(a)(3) to occupy a seat or berth
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Section 91.521
(e) Each passenger shall comply with
Section 91.519 Passenger briefing.
(a) Before each takeoff the pilot in
Section 91.509 for a flight over water; and
(b) The oral briefing required by
(c) Each card used under paragraph
(b) must be carried in convenient locations on the airplane ...
(d) For operations under subpart K of
15, 1992; Amdt. 91-280, 68 FR 54561, Sept. 17,
2003]
Section 91.521
(a) No person may operate a transport category airplane that...
(b) No person may operate a transport category airplane unle...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.523
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.523 Carry-on baggage.
19 passengers may permit a passenger
(a) In a suitable baggage or cargo
Section 91.525; or
(b) Under a passenger seat in such a
Section 25.561(b)(3) of this chapter, or the requirements of...
Section 91.525 Carriage of cargo.
(a) No pilot in command may permit
(i) It is properly secured by a safety
(v) It is not carried directly above
(b) When cargo is carried in cargo
Section 91.527
(a) No pilot may take off an airplane
(b) No pilot may fly under IFR into
23; or
(c) Except for an airplane that has
(d) If current weather reports and
2009]
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 91.535
Section 91.529 Flight engineer requirements.
(a) No person may operate the following airplanes without a ...
1964, having a maximum certificated
(b) No person may serve as a required
Section 91.531 Second in command requirements.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) and (d) of this section, no person
(a)(1) of this section, that have a passenger seating config...
(b) The Administrator may issue a
(c) No person may designate a pilot
(d) No person may operate an aircraft
17, 2003; Docket FAA-2015-1621, Amdt. 91-346,
81 FR 96701, Dec. 30, 2016]
Section 91.533 Flight
(a) No person may operate an airplane unless at least the fo...
100 passengers on board, two flight attendants plus one addi...
(b) No person may serve as a flight
Section 91.535 Stowage of food, beverage,
(a) No operator may move an aircraft
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) No operator may move an aircraft
(c) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surfac...
(d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surfac...
(e) Each passenger shall comply with
Subpart G - Additional Equipment
18, 1989, unless otherwise noted.
Section 91.601
Section 91.603
Section 91.605 Transport category civil airplane weight limi...
(a) No person may take off any transport category airplane (...
(b) No person may operate a turbineengine-powered transport ...
1958, contrary to the Airplane Flight
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.607
(i) The takeoff run, in the case of airplanes certificated a...
1958, and before August 30, 1959; or
1959.
(c) No person may take off a turbineengine-powered transport...
1998]
Section 91.607 Emergency exits for airplanes
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, no ...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 91.609
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) This section does not relieve any
Section 91.609 Flight data recorders
(a) No holder of an air carrier operating certificate or an ...
(b) Notwithstanding paragraphs (c)
(i) For not more than 15 days while
15 days, provided that the requirements
(c)(1) No person may operate a U.S.
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Section 91.609
(c)(1) of this section that are manufactured before April 7,...
2012, must meet the requirements of
Section 23.1459(a)(7) or Section 25.1459(a)(8) of this
Section 25.1459, Section 27.1459, or Section 29.1459 of this
(d) Whenever a flight recorder, required by this section, is...
(e) Unless otherwise authorized by
1991, no person may operate a U.S. civil
Section 23.1457(a)(1) and (2), (b), (c), (d)(1)(i),
(f), and (g); Section 27.1457(a)(1) and (2), (b),
(c), (d)(1)(i), (2) and (3), (e), (f), and (g);
(f) In complying with this section, an
(g) In the event of an accident or occurrence requiring imme...
(h) All airplanes required by this section to have a cockpit...
Section 23.1457(d)(6) or Section 25.1457(d)(6) of this
(i) All airplanes or rotorcraft required by this section to ...
Section 27.1457 (except for paragraphs (a)(6)
Section 23.1457(a)(6) and (d)(5); Section 25.1457(a)(6)
Section 29.1457(a)(6) and (d)(5) of this chapter,
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 91.611
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(j) All airplanes or rotorcraft required by this section to ...
2012, must record all datalink messages
(k) An aircraft operated under this
11, 1991; Amdt. 91-228, 57 FR 19353, May 5,
1992; Amdt. 91-300, 73 FR 12564, Mar. 7, 2008;
91-300, 74 FR 32800, July 9, 2009; Amdt. 91-313,
75 FR 17045, Apr. 5, 2010]
Section 91.611 Authorization for ferry flight
(a) General. The holder of an air carrier operating certific...
(i) Maximum weight.
(v) Altitude range.
(i) Limiting the operating weight on
(i) The initial climb is over thickly
(b) Flight tests: reciprocating-enginepowered airplanes. The...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.613
(b)(1) of this section and to climb to 50
(i) The landing gear extended;
Section 25.67(d) of this chapter in effect on
1977.
(c) Flight tests: Turbine-engine-powered
35-foot height at V2 speed (including
(i) The landing gear extended;
Section 25.121(c) of this chapter but with - 
(i) The actual steady gradient of the
(c)(4)(i) of this section.
Section 91.613 Materials for compartment interiors.
(a) No person may operate an airplane that conforms to an am...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1 year after issuance of the initial airworthiness certifica...
Section 25.853 (a), (b), (b-1), (b-2), and (b-3) of
1978.
(b) Thermal/acoustic insulation materials. For transport cat...
1, 1958:
2, 2005, the insulation must meet the
Section 25.856 of this chapter, effective September 2, 2003,...
(i) Of a blanket construction or
31, 2003; Amdt. 91-290, 70 FR 77752, Dec. 30,
2005]
Subpart H - Foreign Aircraft Operations and Operations of U....
18, 1989, unless otherwise noted.
Section 91.701 Applicability.
(a) This subpart applies to the operations of civil aircraft...
(b) Section 91.702 of this subpart also
(i) That has its next scheduled destination or last place of...
1999]
Section 91.702 Persons on board.
Section 91.11 of this part (Prohibitions on interference wit...
1999]
...
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Section 91.711
267-1000. It is also available for inspection at the Nationa...
17, 1991; Amdt. 91-254, 62 FR 17487, Apr. 9,
1997; 69 FR 18803, Apr. 9, 2004; Amdt. 91-299, 73
9333, Mar. 2, 2010; Docket FAA-2016-9154,
Section 91.705
Section 91.706 Operations within airspace
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, no person may operate a civil aircraft ...
(b) The Administrator may authorize
5 of appendix G to this part.
Section 91.707 Flights between Mexico or
Section 91.709 Operations to Cuba.
(a) Departure is from an international airport of entry desi...
Section 6.13 of the Air Commerce Regulations
(b) In the case of departure from any
(i) All information in the flight plan;
Section 91.711 Special rules for foreign civil
(a) General. In addition to the other
(b) VFR. No person may conduct VFR
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...
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Section 91.713
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) IFR. No person may operate a foreign civil aircraft unde...
(i) Radio equipment allowing twoway radio communication with...
(i) Holds a current United States instrument rating or is au...
(d) Over water. Each person operating
(e) Flight at and above FL 240. If VOR
(i) Flight testing the aircraft;
17, 1991; Amdt. 91-296, 72 FR 31679, June 7,
2007]
Section 91.713 Operation of civil aircraft of
Section 91.715 Special flight authorizations
(a) Foreign civil aircraft may be operated without airworthi...
(b) The Administrator may issue a
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.801
(c) No person may operate a foreign
25, 1989]
Subpart I - Operating Noise Limits
18, 1989, unless otherwise noted.
Section 91.801 Applicability: Relation to part
36.
(a) This subpart prescribes operating
91.809, and 91.811 apply to civil subsonic
(i) If U.S. registered, that have standard airworthiness cer...
125, and 135, but not to those operating
135 of this chapter.
(b) Unless otherwise specified, as
14 CFR part 36, including the noise levels under appendix C ...
(c) Sections 91.851 through 91.877 of
135 of this chapter on and after September 25, 1991.
(d) Section 91.877 prescribes reporting
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.803
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) Sections 91.881 through 91.883 of
75,000 pounds or less and for which an
2015.
25, 1991; Amdt. 91-252, 61 FR 66185, Dec. 16,
1996; Amdt. 91-275, 67 FR 45237, July 8, 2002;
Section 91.803 Part 125 operators: Designation of applicable...
(a) For each airplane operation to
29, 1980, those requirements of this subpart continue to app...
(b) For each subsonic airplane operation to which requiremen...
(c) For each supersonic airplane operation to which requirem...
(d) For each airplane required to operate under part 125 for...
15, 2002]
Section 91.805 Final compliance: Subsonic
91.811, on and after January 1, 1985, no
Section 91.815 Agricultural and fire fighting
(a) This section applies to propellerdriven, small airplanes...
(b) If the Airplane Flight Manual, or
Section 91.817 Civil aircraft sonic boom.
(a) No person may operate a civil aircraft in the United Sta...
...
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Section 91.851
(b) In addition, no person may operate a civil aircraft for ...
Section 91.819 Civil supersonic airplanes that
(a) Applicability. This section applies
31, 1978.
(b) Airport use. Except in an emergency, the following apply...
Section 91.821 Civil supersonic airplanes:
1977, using applicable trade-off provisions.
Section 91.851
91.877 of this subpart:
6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/
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Section 91.853
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
36 of this chapter.
36 of this chapter.
16, 1996; Amdt. 91-275, 67 FR 45237, July 8,
2002; Amdt. 91-288, 70 FR 38749, July 5, 2005; 72
Section 91.853 Final compliance: Civil subsonic airplanes.
46132, Oct. 4, 2017]
Section 91.855 Entry and nonaddition rule.
(a) The airplane complies with Stage
3, Stage 4, or Stage 5 noise levels.
(b) The airplane complies with Stage
2 noise levels and was owned by a U.S.
(c) The airplane complies with Stage
2 noise levels, is owned by a non-U.S.
(d) The airplane complies with Stage
2 noise levels and is operated by a foreign air carrier.
(e) The airplane complies with Stage
2 noise levels and is operated by a foreign operator other t...
(f) The airplane complies with Stage
2 noise levels and - 
...
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Section 91.861
(g) The airplane complies with Stage
2 noise levels and was purchased by the
(h) Any Stage 2 airplane described in
91-288, 70 FR 38750, July 5, 2005; Docket FAA-
2015-3782, Amdt. 91-349, 82 FR 46132, Oct. 4,
2017]
Section 91.857 Stage 2 operations outside of
15, 2002]
Section 91.858 Special flight authorizations
(a) After December 31, 1999, any operator of a Stage 2 airpl...
(b) An operator of a Stage 2 airplane
15, 2002, as amended by Docket FAA-2015-
3782, Amdt. 91-349, 82 FR 46132, Oct. 4, 2017]
Section 91.859 Modification to meet Stage 3,
46132, Oct. 4, 2017]
Section 91.861 Base level.
(a) U.S. Operators. The base level of a
(i) The number of Stage 2 airplanes
Section 91.863.
(b) Foreign air carriers. The base
...
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Section 91.863
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1, 1990, through July 1, 1991, plus or
(c) New entrants do not have a base
Section 91.863 Transfers of Stage 2 airplanes
(a) Stage 2 airplanes may be transferred with or without the...
(b) No portion of a U.S. operator-s
Section 91.861(b) may be used for operations
(c) Whenever a transfer of Stage 2
(d) If, taken as a whole, a transaction
Section 91.865 Phased compliance for operators with base lev...
125, 129, or 135 of this chapter, regardless of the national...
Section 91.801(c) of this subpart.
(a) This section does not apply to
(b) Each operator that chooses to
(c) Except as provided under Section 91.871,
(d) Each operator that chooses to
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Section 91.871
(e) Calculations resulting in fractions
Section 91.867 Phased compliance for new
(a) New entrant U.S. air carriers.
3 airplanes.
(b) New entrant foreign air carriers.
(c) Calculations resulting in fractions
16, 1996]
Section 91.869 Carry-forward compliance.
(a) Any operator that exceeds the requirements of paragraph ...
1994, or on or before December 31, 1996,
(b) Any operator that eliminates or
Section 91.865(d).
Section 91.871 Waivers from interim compliance requirements.
(a) Any U.S. operator or foreign air
Section 91.865 or 91.867 of this subpart may request a waive...
(b) Applications must be filed with
(c) Applicants must show that a
(d) Waivers will be granted only upon
Section 91.865 or 91.867 at a particular interim
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...
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Section 91.873
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) The conditions of any waiver
(f) A summary of any request for a
Section 91.873 Waivers from final compliance.
(a) A U.S. air carrier or a foreign air
(b) An application for the waiver described in paragraph (a)...
1, 1999, or, in the case of a foreign air
(c) To be eligible to apply for the
(d) The Secretary may grant a waiver
(e) The term of any waiver granted
(f) A summary of any request for a
46571, July 15, 2002]
Section 91.875 Annual progress reports.
(a) Each operator subject to Section 91.865
Section 91.865 or Section 91.867. For airplanes on U.S.
(i) Each Stage 2 airplane added or removed from operation or...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.877
Section 91.863 along with the effective
(b) Each operator subject to Section 91.865
Section 91.865:
(i) The date used to establish its base
(i) A plan to meet the compliance
(c) Each operator subject to Section 91.865 or
Section 91.867 of this chapter shall submit subsequent annua...
(a) and (b) of this section; including the
(d) An operator may request, in any
(e) If an operator-s actions during
(f) For each U.S. operator subject to
Section 91.865, progress reports submitted for
2 airplanes in its fleet to no more than
Section 91.865(d).
5977, Feb. 19, 1992]
Section 91.877 Annual reporting of Hawaiian
(a) Each air carrier or foreign air carrier subject to Secti...
(b) Each air carrier or foreign air carrier not subject to S...
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...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1001), and include the following information - 
(c) The following information must
(i) The number of Stage 2 airplanes
(i) The number of Stage 2 airplanes
1990, the number reported under paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this ...
(i) The number of Stage 2 airplanes
(d) Reports or amended reports for
Section 91.881 Final compliance: Civil subsonic jet airplane...
46132, Oct. 4, 2017]
Section 91.883 Special flight authorizations
(a) After December 31, 2015, an operator of a jet airplane w...
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Section 91.1001
(b) An operator of an affected airplane may apply for a spec...
2013, as amended by Docket FAA-2015-3782,
Subpart J - Waivers
Section 91.901
Section 91.903
(a) The Administrator may issue a
(b) An application for a certificate of
(c) A certificate of waiver is effective
Section 91.905 List of rules subject to waivers.
91.107 Use of safety belts.
91.111 Operating near other aircraft.
91.113 Right-of-way rules: Except water operations.
91.115 Right-of-way rules: Water operations.
91.117 Aircraft speed.
91.119 Minimum safe altitudes: General.
91.121 Altimeter settings.
91.123 Compliance with ATC clearances and
91.125 ATC light signals.
91.126 Operating on or in the vicinity of an
91.127 Operating on or in the vicinity of an
...
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Section 91.1001
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) As used in this part - 
(i) The provision for fractional ownership program managemen...
(v) A dry-lease aircraft exchange arrangement among all of t...
(i) An aircraft in which a fractional
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Section 91.1005
(i) Establishment and implementation of program safety guide...
(v) Maintenance of program aircraft;
(i) A fractional ownership interest
(c) The rules in this subpart that
Section 91.1002 Compliance date.
2005 unless it has obtained management specifications under ...
17, 2003; 69 FR 74413, Dec. 14, 2004]
Section 91.1003 Management contract between owner and progra...
(a) Requires the program manager to
(b) Provides the owner the right to
(c) Designates the program manager
(d) Acknowledges the FAA-s right to
Section 91.1005 Prohibitions and limitations.
(a) Except as provided in Section 91.321 or
Section 91.501, no owner may carry persons or
(b) During the term of the multi-year
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Section 91.1007
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) No person may sell or lease an aircraft interest in a fr...
Section 91.1001(b)(10) unless flights associated
119 of this chapter.
Section 91.1007 Flights conducted under part
121 or part 135 of this chapter.
(a) Except as provided in Section 91.501(b),
(b) A program manager who holds a
(c) The fractional owner must be informed when a flight is b...
Section 91.1009 Clarification of operational
(a) An owner is in operational control
(b) An owner is not in operational
Section 91.1011 Operational control responsibilities and del...
(a) Each owner in operational control
(b) The management specifications,
Section 91.1013 Operational control briefing
(a) Upon the signing of an initial program management servic...
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Section 91.1015
(b) The fractional owner-s signature
(c) Each program manager must ensure that the fractional own...
Section 91.1014 Issuing or denying management specifications...
(a) A person applying to the Administrator for management sp...
(b) Management specifications will
(c) An application for management
Section 91.1015 Management specifications.
(a) Each person conducting operations under this subpart or ...
(b) The program manager may keep
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Section 91.1017
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Management specifications issued
(d) At least 30 days before it proposes
(e) Each program manager must
(f) Each program manager must insert pertinent excerpts of i...
(g) Each program manager must keep
Section 91.1017 Amending
(a) The Administrator may amend
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(e) of this section, when the Administrator initiates an ame...
(i) The adoption of the proposed
(i) The Flight Standards District Office that issued the pro...
(c) When the program manager applies for an amendment to its...
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Section 91.1019
(i) At least 90 days before the date
(i) The adoption of the applied for
(d) When a program manager seeks
(e) If the Flight Standards District
Section 91.1019 Conducting tests and inspections.
(a) At any time or place, the Administrator may conduct an i...
(b) The program manager must - 
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Section 91.1021
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Each employee of, or person used
(d) The Administrator may determine a program manager-s cont...
(e) Failure by any program manager
Section 91.1021 Internal safety reporting and
(a) Each program manager must establish an internal anonymou...
(b) Each program manager must establish procedures to respon...
Section 91.1023 Program
(a) Each program manager must prepare and keep current a pro...
(b) Each program manager must
(c) No manual may be contrary to
(d) The program manager must make
(e) Each employee of the program
(f) Except as provided in paragraph
(h) of this section, the appropriate
(g) For the purpose of complying
(h) If a program manager conducts
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Section 91.1025
(i) Program managers that are also
Section 91.1025 Program operating manual
(a) Procedures for ensuring compliance with aircraft weight ...
(b) Copies of the program manager-s
(c) Procedures for complying with accident notification requ...
(d) Procedures for ensuring that the
(e) Procedures for reporting and recording mechanical irregu...
(f) Procedures to be followed by the
(g) Procedures to be followed by the
(h) Procedures under Section 91.213 for the
(i) Procedures for refueling aircraft,
(j) Procedures to be followed by the
Section 91.1035.
(k) Procedures for ensuring compliance with emergency proced...
(l) The approved aircraft inspection
(m) Procedures for the evacuation of
(n) Procedures for performance planning that take into accou...
(o) An approved Destination Airport
(p) A suitable system (which may include a coded or electron...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 91.1027
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(q) Flight locating and scheduling
(r) Other procedures and policy instructions regarding progr...
Section 91.1027
(a) Each program manager must keep
(i) The full name of the pilot.
(v) The effective date and class of the
(x) The date of the satisfactory completion of initial, tran...
(i) The full name of the flight attendant, and
(b) Each program manager must keep
(a)(2) of this section for at least 6
(c) Each program manager is responsible for the preparation ...
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Section 91.1033
(d) The pilot in command of the aircraft for which a load ma...
(e) Each program manager is responsible for providing a writ...
(f) Records may be kept either in
(g) Program managers that are also
2016-9154, Amdt. 91-348, 82 FR 39664, Aug. 22,
2017]
Section 91.1029 Flight scheduling and locating requirements.
(a) Each program manager must establish and use an adequate ...
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(d) of this section, each program manager must have adequate...
(c) Flight locating information must
(d) The flight locating requirements
Section 91.1031 Pilot in command or second
(a) Each program manager must designate a - 
(b) The pilot in command, as designated by the program manag...
Section 91.1033 Operating information required.
(a) Each program manager must, for
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Section 91.1035
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) Each cockpit checklist required
(c) Each emergency cockpit checklist
Section 91.1035
(a) Prior to each takeoff, the pilot in
Section 91.509 for a flight over water;
(b) Prior to each takeoff, the pilot in
(c) Prior to each takeoff, the pilot in
(d) The oral briefings required by
(e) The oral briefing required by
(f) The oral briefing required by paragraph (a) of this sect...
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Section 91.1037
Section 91.1037 Large transport category airplanes: Turbine ...
(a) No program manager or any other
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, no program manager
(c) A program manager or other person flying a turbine engin...
(i) The airplane is landed on the most
(d) No program manager or other person may select an airport...
(e) Unless, based on a showing of actual operating landing t...
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Section 91.1039
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.1039 IFR takeoff, approach and
(a) No pilot on a program aircraft operating a program fligh...
(b) For flight planning purposes, if
(c) The MDA or Decision Altitude
(d) No person may take off an aircraft under IFR from an air...
(e) Except as provided in SectionSection 91.175(l) or
91.176 of this chapter, each pilot making an IFR takeoff or ...
2013-0485, Amdt. 91-345, 81 FR 90175, Dec. 13,
2016]
2013-0485, Amdt. 91-345, 81 FR 90175, Dec. 13,
2016, Section 91.1039 was amended by revising paragraph (e),...
Section 91.1039 IFR takeoff, approach and landing
Section 91.1041 Aircraft proving and validation tests.
(a) No program manager may permit
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
(e) Except as provided in Section 91.176 of this
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Section 91.1045
(b) No program manager may permit
(c) No program manager may carry
(d) Validation testing is required to
(e) Validation tests must be accomplished by test methods ac...
(f) Proving tests and validation tests
(g) The Administrator may authorize
Section 91.1043
Section 91.1045 Additional
(a) Airplanes having a passenger-seat
Section 121.343 or Section 121.344 of this chapter as
(b) Airplanes having a passenger-seat
Section 135.152 of this chapter as applicable to
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1047
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) Airborne thunderstorm detection
Section 91.1047 Drug and alcohol misuse education program.
(a) Each program manager must provide each direct employee p...
(b) No program manager may use any
(c) Program managers must disclose
(c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section.
(d) If a program aircraft is operated
(b) of this section when the aircraft is
(e) For purposes of this section,
(f) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a)
17, 2003, as amended by Amdt. 91-307, 74 FR
22653, May 14, 2009]
Section 91.1049 Personnel.
(a) Each program manager and each
(b) Each program manager must employ (either directly or by ...
(c) Each program manager must publish pilot and flight atten...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1053
(d) Unless otherwise authorized by
(e) The program manager must ensure that trained and qualifi...
Section 91.1050 Employment of former FAA
(a) Except as specified in paragraph
(c) of this section, no fractional owner
(b) For the purpose of this section, an
(c) The provisions of this section do
2011]
Section 91.1051 Pilot
(a) FAA records pertaining to - 
(b) Records from all previous employers during the five year...
Section 91.1053 Crewmember experience.
(a) No program manager or owner
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Section 91.1055
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) Pilot in command - A minimum of
1,500 hours.
(i) Pilot in command - Airline transport pilot and applicabl...
(i) Pilot in command - Commercial
(b) The Administrator may authorize
Section 91.1055(b)(1) through (3). The Administrator may, at...
Section 91.1055 Pilot operating limitations
(a) If the second in command of a
(i) The prevailing visibility for the
(v) The crosswind component for the
(b) No program manager may release
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Section 91.1057
(c) No person may be assigned in the
Section 91.1057 Flight, duty and rest time requirements: All...
(a) For purposes of this subpart - 
(b) A program manager may assign a
(c) No program manager may assign
(d) Time spent in transportation, not
(e) A flight crewmember may continue a flight assignment if ...
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Section 91.1059
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(f) Each flight assignment must provide for at least 10 cons...
(g) The program manager must provide each crewmember at leas...
(h) A flight crewmember may decline
(i) Any rest period required by this
(j) If authorized by the Administrator, a program manager ma...
Section 91.1059 Flight time limitations and
(a) No program manager may assign
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, during any 24 consecutive hours the tot...
(c) No program manager may assign
Section 91.1061
(a) No program manager may assign
10 Hours ...........
10 Hours ...........
14 Hours ...........
10 Hours.
12 Hours.
18 Hours.
(b) No program manager may assign
...
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Section 91.1062
61 of this chapter.
(c) No program manager may assign
3-Pilot crew
Section 91.1062 Duty periods and rest requirements: Flight a...
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, a program manager
(a)(4), (a)(5), and (a)(6) of this section,
(a)(3) of this section, a flight attendant
(a)(1) of this section must be given a
10 Hours .............................
12 Hours .............................
18 hours .............................
4-Pilot crew
10 Hours
18 Hours
24 hours
48 contiguous states and the District of
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Section 91.1063
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a)(8) of this section, a flight attendant
(a)(5), and (a)(6) of this section, must be
12 consecutive hours. This rest period
(a)(4), (a)(5), and (a)(6) of this section, if
(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of
91.1059, and 91.1061, as appropriate to
Section 91.1063 Testing and training: Applicability and term...
(a) Sections 91.1065 through 91.1107:
Section 91.1075 to conduct training, testing
(b) If authorized by the Administrator, a program manager ma...
Section 121.434 of this chapter.
(c) If authorized by the Administrator, a program manager ma...
Section 135.244 of this chapter.
(d) For the purposes of this subpart,
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1065
(i) Recurrent crewmember training
Section 91.1065 Initial and recurrent pilot
(a) No program manager or owner
(i) Recognizing and avoiding severe
(b) No program manager or owner
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
Page 119 - pdf   html   txt
Section 91.1067
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) The instrument proficiency check
(d) For the purpose of this subpart,
(e) The Administrator or authorized
(f) All or portions of a required competency check may be gi...
(g) If the program manager is authorized to conduct EFVS ope...
2013-0485, Amdt. 91-345, 81 FR 90175, Dec. 13,
2016]
Section 91.1067 Initial and recurrent flight
(a) Authority of the pilot in command;
(b) Passenger handling, including
(c) Crewmember assignments, functions, and responsibilities ...
(d) Briefing of passengers;
(e) Location and operation of portable fire extinguishers an...
(f) Proper use of cabin equipment and
(g) Location and operation of passenger oxygen equipment;
(h) Location and operation of all normal and emergency exits...
(i) Seating of persons who may need
Section 91.1069 Flight crew: Instrument proficiency check re...
(a) No program manager or owner
...
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Section 91.1071
(c) No pilot may use any type of precision instrument approa...
(d)
(b) of this section consists of either an
(e) Each pilot taking the instrument
Section 91.1065(d).
(i) For a pilot in command of an aircraft requiring that the...
(f) If the pilot is assigned to pilot
(g) If the pilot in command is assigned to pilot more than o...
(h) If the pilot in command is assigned to pilot both single...
(a) of this section in a multiengine aircraft, and each succ...
(i) All or portions of a required flight
Section 91.1071 Crewmember:
(a) If a crewmember who is required
(b) If a pilot being checked under this
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1073
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.1073
(a) Each program manager must have
(b) Whenever a crewmember who is
(c) Each instructor, supervisor, or
(d) Training subjects that apply to
(e) Aircraft simulators and other
(f) Each program manager is responsible for establishing saf...
(g) If an aircraft simulator has been
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1079
Section 91.1075 Training
(a) Another program manager operating under this subpart:
(b) A training center certificated
91.1095 to conduct training, testing, and
(c) A part 119 certificate holder operating under part 121 o...
(d) As authorized by the Administrator, a training center th...
Section 91.1077 Training program and revision: Initial and f...
(a) To obtain initial and final approval of a training progr...
(b) If the proposed training program
(c) The Administrator grants final
(b) of this section ensures that each
(d) Whenever the Administrator finds
Section 91.1079 Training
(a) Each program manager must prepare and keep current a wri...
(b) Each training program curriculum must include the follow...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1081
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.1081 Crewmember training requirements.
(a) Each program manager must include in its training progra...
(i) Duties and responsibilities of
(b) Each training program must provide the initial and trans...
(c) Each training program must provide recurrent ground and ...
(d) Upgrade training in SectionSection 91.1101 and
91.1103 for a particular type aircraft
(e) In addition to initial, transition,
Section 91.1083 Crewmember
(a) Each training program must provide emergency training un...
(b) Emergency training must provide
(i) Equipment used in ditching and
(i) Rapid decompression;
(v) Hijacking and other unusual situations.
(c) Each crewmember must perform
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1089
(d) Crewmembers who serve in operations above 25,000 feet mu...
Section 91.1085 Hazardous materials recognition training.
Section 91.1087 Approval of aircraft simulators and other tr...
(a) Training courses using aircraft
(b) Each aircraft simulator and other
(i) The program manager; and
(i) Approved for the type aircraft
(c) A particular aircraft simulator or
(d) In granting initial and final approval of training progr...
Section 91.1089 Qualifications: Check pilots
(a) For the purposes of this section
(b) No program manager may use a
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1091
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.1093;
(c) No program manager may use a
Section 91.1093; and
(d) Completion of the requirements
(c)(2), (3), and (4) of this section, as applicable, must be...
(e) A check pilot who does not hold
(f) A check pilot (simulator) must accomplish the following ...
(g) The flight segments or line-observation program required...
(f) of this section are considered to be
Section 91.1091 Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft...
(a) For the purposes of this section
(b) No program manager may use a
Section 91.1095; and
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1093
(c) No program manager may use a
Section 91.1095.
(d) Completion of the requirements
(c)(2), (3), and (4) of this section, as applicable, must be...
(e) A pilot who does not hold a medical certificate may func...
(f) A flight instructor (simulator)
(g) The flight segments or line-observation program required...
(f) of this section are considered completed in the month re...
17, 2003, as amended by Amdt. 91-322, 76 FR
31823, June 2, 2011]
Section 91.1093 Initial and transition training and checking...
(a) No program manager may use a
(b) The observation check required
(c) The initial ground training for
(i) Improper and insufficient training; and
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1095
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) The transition ground training for
(e) The initial and transition flight
(f) The requirements of paragraph (e)
(g) The initial and transition flight
Section 91.1095 Initial and transition training and checking...
(a) No program manager may use a
(b) The observation check required
(c) The initial ground training for
(i) Improper and insufficient training; and
(i) The fundamental principles of the
(d) The transition ground training for
(e) The initial and transition flight
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1101
(f) The requirements of paragraph (e)
(g) The initial and transition flight
Section 91.1097 Pilot and flight attendant
(a) Each program manager must establish and maintain an appr...
(b) Each program manager required
(c) Each program manager must provide current and appropriat...
(d) The program manager must furnish copies of the pilot and...
Section 91.1099 Crewmember initial and recurrent training re...
Section 91.1101 Pilots: Initial, transition, and
(a) General subjects - 
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1103
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) For each aircraft type - 
(i) Recognizing and avoiding severe
Section 91.1103 Pilots: Initial, transition, upgrade, requal...
(a) Initial, transition, upgrade, requalification, and diffe...
(b) The maneuvers and procedures required by paragraph (a) o...
(c) If the program manager-s approved training program inclu...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1109
Section 91.1105 Flight attendants: Initial and
(a) General subjects - 
(b) For each aircraft type - 
Section 91.1107 Recurrent training.
(a) Each program manager must ensure that each crewmember re...
(b) Recurrent ground training for
(c) Recurrent flight training for pilots must include, at le...
Section 91.1065 within the preceding 12 months
Section 91.1109 Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program.
(a) The inspection program must be
(b) Each person desiring to establish
119 of this chapter and operating that
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1111
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) The Administrator may require
Section 91.1111
Section 91.1113
Section 91.1025) the records specified in
Section 91.417(a) for the periods specified in
Section 91.417(b).
Section 91.1115 Inoperable instruments and
(a) No person may take off an aircraft with inoperable instr...
(i) Be prepared in accordance with
(b) of this section.
(b) The following instruments and
(c) Notwithstanding paragraphs (b)(1)
(d) A person authorized to use an approved Minimum Equipment...
121, 125, or 135 of this chapter must use
Section 91.1411 Continuous
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1415
Section 91.1413 CAMP: Responsibility for airworthiness.
(a) For aircraft maintained in accordance with a Continuous ...
(b) Each program manager who maintains program aircraft unde...
Section 91.1415 CAMP: Mechanical reliability
(a) Each program manager who maintains program aircraft unde...
(b) For the purpose of this section,
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1417
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) In addition to the reports required
(d) Each program manager must send
(e) The program manager must transmit the reports required b...
(f) A program manager that is also
(g) No person may withhold a report
(h) When the program manager receives additional information...
Section 91.1417 CAMP: Mechanical interruption summary report...
(a) Each interruption to a flight, unscheduled change of air...
(b)
Section 91.1423 CAMP: Maintenance organization.
(a) Each program manager who maintains program aircraft unde...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1427
(b) Each program manager who has
(c) Each person performing required
Section 91.1425 CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, a...
(a) Maintenance, preventive maintenance, or alterations perf...
(b) Competent personnel and adequate facilities and equipmen...
(c) Each aircraft released to service
Section 91.1427 CAMP: Manual requirements.
(a) Each program manager who maintains program aircraft unde...
Section 91.1423 and a list of persons with
(b) Each program manager must put
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1429
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Each program manager must put
(d) For the purposes of this part, the
Section 91.1429 CAMP: Required inspection
(a) No person who maintains an aircraft under a CAMP may use...
(b) No person may allow any person
(c) No person may perform a required
(d) Each program manager must
Section 91.1431 CAMP: Continuing analysis
(a) Each program manager who maintains program aircraft unde...
(b) Whenever the Administrator finds
(c) A program manager may petition
Section 91.1433 CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1439
Section 91.1435 CAMP:
(a) Except for maintenance, preventive maintenance, alterati...
(b) For the purpose of this section, a
Section 91.1437 CAMP: Authority to perform
Section 91.1439 CAMP: Maintenance recording requirements.
(a) Each program manager who maintains program aircraft unde...
Section 91.1443 have been met.
(i) The total time in service of the
(v) The current status of applicable
(b) Each program manager must retain the records required to...
(a)(2) of this section must be retained
(c) The program manager must make
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1441
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 91.1441 CAMP: Transfer of maintenance records.
(a)
Section 91.1439(a)(2).
(b)
Section 91.1439(a)(1) that are not included in
Section 91.1439(c) to make the records available for inspect...
Section 91.1443 CAMP: Airworthiness release
(a) No program aircraft maintained
(b) The airworthiness release or log
(i) The work was performed in accordance with the requiremen...
(c) Notwithstanding paragraph (b)(3)
(d) Instead of restating each of the
Subpart L - Continued Airworthiness and Safety Improvements
2007, unless otherwise noted.
Section 91.1501
(a) This subpart requires operators to
(b) For purposes of this subpart, the
Section 91.1503
Section 91.1505 Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages...
...
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Section 91.1507
(i) Model B2: 36,000 flights.
15,000 flights.
23,000 flights.
45,000 flights.
60,000 flights.
15,000 flights.
2000, 3000, and 4000, the flight cycle implementation time i...
(b) [Reserved]
2000, as amended by Amdt. 91-266, 66 FR
23130, May 7, 2001; Amdt. 91-277, 67 FR 72834,
30, 2004. Redesignated and amended by Amdt.
91-297, 72 FR 63410, Nov. 8, 2007]
Section 91.1507 Fuel tank system inspection
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(g) of this section, this section applies
7,500 pounds or more.
(b) For each airplane on which an
(c) After December 16, 2008, no operator may operate an airp...
(d) The proposed fuel tank system inspection program revisio...
88 of this chapter or Section 25.1529 and part
...
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Section 91.1603
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 25.1529 in effect on June 6, 2001, the operator must...
(f) The fuel tank system inspection
(g) This section does not apply to the
Subpart M - Special Federal
Section 91.1603 Special Federal Aviation Regulation
112 - Prohibition
(a) Applicability. This section applies
(b) Flight prohibition. Except as provided in paragraphs (c)...
(c) Permitted operations. This section
(d) Emergency situations. In an emergency that requires imme...
125, or 135, each person who deviates
(e) Expiration. This Special Federal
14436, Mar. 21, 2017]
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Section 91.1607
Section 91.1607 Special Federal Aviation Regulation
113 - Prohibition
(a) Applicability. This Special Federal
(b) Flight prohibition. Except as provided in paragraphs (c)...
465800N
463424N
452242N
451442N
450418N
443100N
424700N
424800N
434100N
441500N
445447N
445848N
452436N
454436N
460730N
474400N
...
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Section 91.1609
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) Expiration. This SFAR will remain
2014, as amended by Amdt. 91-331B, 80 FR
65625, Oct. 27, 2015; Docket FAA-2014-0225,
74675, Oct. 27, 2016]
Section 91.1609 Special Federal Aviation Regulation
114 - Prohibition
(a) Applicability. This section applies
(b) Flight prohibition. No person may
(c) Permitted operations. This section
(d) Emergency situations. In an emergency that requires imme...
(e) Expiration. This SFAR will remain
40949, Aug. 29, 2017; Amdt. 91-348A, 82 FR
42592, Sept. 11, 2017]
Section 91.1611 Special Federal Aviation Regulation
115 - Prohibition
(a) Applicability. This Special Federal
(b) Flight prohibition. Except as provided in paragraphs (c)...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 91.1613
0463500E), south of a line drawn direct
0432712E), and west of a line drawn direct from PARIM to RIB...
0415230E). Use of jet route UT702 is authorized; however, us...
(c) Permitted operations. This section
0530614E) to NODMA (152603N 0533359E),
0463500E), north of a line drawn direct
0432712E), and east of a line drawn direct from PARIM to RIB...
0415230E), provided that such flight operations are conducte...
(d) Emergency situations. In an emergency that requires imme...
125, or 135, each person who deviates
(e) Expiration. This SFAR will remain
58728, Dec. 14, 2017]
Section 91.1613 Special Federal Aviation Regulation
107 - Prohibition
(a) Applicability. This Special Federal
(b) Flight prohibition. Except as provided in paragraphs (c)...
(c) Permitted operations. This section
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1701
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) Emergency situations. In an emergency that requires imme...
125, or 135, each person who deviates
(e) Expiration. This SFAR will remain
726, Jan. 7, 2016, as amended by Amdt. 91-
339A, 82 FR 58550, Dec. 13, 2017]
Subpart N - Mitsubishi MU-2B Series Special Training, Experi...
344, 81 FR 61591, Sept. 7, 2016, unless otherwise noted.
Section 91.1701
(a) On and after November 7, 2016, all
(b) This subpart applies to all persons
(c) This subpart also applies to those
91, and 135 of this chapter.
Section 91.1703 Compliance and eligibility.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, no person may manipulate the controls, ...
(b) A person who does not meet the
Section 91.109(b).
(c) A person is required to complete
(d) A person is eligible to receive Requalification training...
...
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Section 91.1705
(e) A person is required to complete
12 months. Successful completion of
(f) Successful completion of Initial/
(g) A person is required to complete
Section 91.1707(c).
Section 91.1705 Required pilot training.
(a) Except as provided in Section 91.1703(b),
(f) of this section.
(b) Except as provided in Section 91.1703(b),
(f) of this section.
(c) Satisfactory completion of the
(d) Satisfactory completion of a Federal Aviation Administra...
(e) If a person complies with the requirements of paragraph ...
(f) The endorsement required under
142 of this chapter and meeting the
14 CFR part 119 certificate holder within the last 12 calend...
119 certificate holder-s flight instructor
(g) All training conducted for a
(h) MU-2B training programs must
2B aircraft, including:
...
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Section 91.1705
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
2B Cockpit Checklist procedures applicable to the MU-2B mode...
(i) Normal takeoff with 5- and 20- degrees flaps;
20- degrees flaps;
(v) Steep turns;
(x) Approach to stall in landing configuration with gear dow...
Section 91.1707(c). Differences training between the factory...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1713
(i) No training credit is given for second-in-command traini...
Section 91.1707
20 hours ...............
12 hours ...............
Section 91.1709 Training program approval.
(a) Only training programs approved
(b) For part 91 training providers,
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
8 hours.
12 hours with a
8 hours level C or
4 hours at level E,
(c) Differences training hours are
1.5 hours required at level B.
3 hours at level B.
1.5 hours at level B.
24 months, unless sooner superseded or
(c) The Administrator may require
(d) A training provider must present
Section 91.1711
...
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Section 91.1715
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
2,000 pilot-in-command hours and 800
(i) 300 pilot-in-command hours in the
(b) Flight Instructor (Simulator/Flight
(i) A minimum total pilot time of
2000 pilot-in-command hours and 800
(c) Checking and evaluation. No person
Section 91.1715 Currency requirements and
(a) The takeoff and landing currency
(b) Instrument experience obtained in
(c) Satisfactory completion of a
(d) A person who successfully completes the Initial/transiti...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 91.1721
61591, Sept. 7, 2016; Amdt. 91-344A, 82 FR
21472, May 9, 2017]
Section 91.1717
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, no person may operate a Mitsubishi MU-2...
(b) A person may operate a
(c) No person may operate a
(d) No person may operate a
(e) No person may operate a
(f) If there are any differences between the training and op...
Section 91.1719
3 of this part, is considered to be compliant with this subp...
Section 91.1721
(a) The Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
0001, or at the National Archives and
6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/
(b) Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
2B Checklists:
(i) Cockpit Checklist, Model MU-2B-
60, Type Certificate A10SW, MHI Document No. YET06220C, acce...
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
30, Type Certificate A2PC, MHI Document No. YET06250A, accep...
2B-26A, Type Certificate A10SW, MHI
2B-26, Type Certificate A2PC, MHI Document No. YET06249A, ac...
26, Type Certificate A10SW, MHI Document No. YET06254A, acce...
(x) Cockpit Checklist, Model MU-2B-
25, Type Certificate A10SW, MHI Document No. YET06253A, acce...
25, Type Certificate A2PC, MHI Document No. YET06248A, accep...
2B-20, Type Certificate A2PC, MHI Document No. YET06247A, ac...
2B-15, Type Certificate A2PC, MHI Document No. YET06246A, ac...
2B-10, Type Certificate A2PC, MHI Document No. YET06245A, ac...
2B, Type Certificate A2PC, MHI Document No. YET06244A, accep...
61591, Sept. 7, 2016; Amdt. 91-344A, 82 FR
21472, May 9, 2017]
1. Category II Manual
(a) Application for approval. An applicant
(b) Contents. Each Category II manual
2. Required Instruments and Equipment
Section 91.205 or any other provisions of this chapter.
(a) Group I. (1) Two localizer and glide
26, 1979, two sensitive altimeters adjustable
...
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(b) Group II. (1) Warning systems for immediate detection by...
3. Instruments and Equipment Approval
(a) General. The instruments and equipment required by secti...
1425 K St., NW., Washington, DC 20005.
(b) Flight control guidance system. All components of the fl...
(e) of this section if they have not been approved for Categ...
(c) Radio altimeter. A radio altimeter must
(i) Pitch angles of zero to plus or minus 5
(d) Other instruments and equipment. All
(e) Evaluation program - (1) Application. Approval by evalua...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) At the 100-foot decision height, the indicated airspeed ...
(v) In the case of an aircraft equipped with
(i) Each deficiency in airborne instruments
(v) Position of the aircraft at the middle
4. Maintenance program
(a) Each maintenance program must contain the following:
12 calendar months after the date of the previous test and i...
(b) Bench check. A bench check required by
(i) An instrument rating.
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
Page 152 - pdf   html   txt
(i) A visual inspection for cleanliness, impending failure, ...
(c) Extensions. After the completion of one
2001]
Section 1. Application
(a) An applicant for an authorization to exceed Mach 1 must ...
(b) In addition, each application for an authorization to ex...
4321 et seq.), and to assist him in complying
(c) In addition, each application for an authorization to ex...
(d) An application is denied if the Administrator finds that...
Section 2. Issuance
(a) For a flight in a designated test area,
(b) For a flight outside of a designated test
Section 3. Duration
(a) An authorization to exceed Mach 1 is effective until it ...
(b) Findings and actions by the Administrator under this sec...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 1. Locations at which the requirements of Section 91...
91.225(d)(2) apply below 10,000 feet MSL within a 30-nautica...
Section 2. Airports at which the requirements of Section 91....
Section 3. Locations at which fixed-wing
Section 91.157 do not apply to the following airports:
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 4. Locations at which solo student,
91-237, 59 FR 6547, Feb. 11, 1994, appendix D to
9, 1994. By Amdt. 91-238, 59 FR 10958, Mar. 9,
1994, the effective date was delayed to May
15, 1994. By Amdt. 91-241, 59 FR 24916, May 13,
1994, the effective date was suspended indefinitely.
8 hr minimum ..................
1 .................................
1 sec.
1 .................................
1% 3
360Section .................................
1 .................................
25 to 150 ft.
1 .................................
4 (or 1 per second
1g are recorded).
2 .................................
1Section
0.03g.
1 .................................
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1 (prop Speed) ..........
1 (torque) ...................
1%3
1% 3
1 .................................
250 fpm. below
12,000
1 .................................
0.8%3
1.
1.
1 .................................
1.
1 .................................
1.
1.
1%3
1%3
1 When data sources are aircraft instruments (except altimet...
2 If data from the altitude encoding altimeter (100 ft. reso...
...
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1 .................................
1 .................................
1%2.
1%2.
1 .................................
1%2.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1%2.
1%2.
1%2.
1%2.
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a) The full RVSM flight envelope is bounded
(i) FL 410 (the RVSM altitude limit);
(i) From the airspeed of the slats/flaps-up
(b) The basic RVSM flight envelope is the
Section 2. Aircraft Approval
(a) An operator may be authorized to conduct RVSM operations...
(b) The applicant for authorization shall
(c) Altitude-keeping equipment: All aircraft.
(i) Within a tolerance band of Section65 feet
(i) Section300 feet for aircraft for which application for t...
(d) Altimetry system error containment: Group
120 feet and/or the absolute value of the
(e) Altimetry system error containment: Group
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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(f) Altimetry system error containment:
(g) Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance
(h) If the Administrator finds that the applicant-s aircraft...
Section 3. Operator Authorization
(a) Authority for an operator to conduct
(b) An applicant for authorization to operate within RVSM ai...
(c) Validation and Demonstration. In a
Section 4. RVSM Operations
(a) Each person requesting a clearance to
(b) No person may show, on the flight plan
Section 5. Deviation Authority Approval
(a) The operator submits a request in a
(b) At the time of filing the flight plan for
Section 6. Reporting Altitude-Keeping Errors
(a) Total vertical error of 300 feet or more;
(b) Altimetry system error of 245 feet or
(c) Assigned altitude deviation of 300 feet
Section 7. Removal or Amendment of Authority
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a) Committing one or more altitude-keeping errors in RVSM a...
(b) Failing to make an effective and timely
(c) Failing to report an altitude-keeping
Section 8. Airspace Designation
(a) RVSM in the North Atlantic. (1) RVSM
(b) RVSM in the Pacific. (1) RVSM may be
(c) RVSM in the West Atlantic Route System
38Section30- N/69Section15- W direct to 38Section20- N/69Sec...
72Section57- W direct to 34Section29- N/73Section34- W direc...
34Section33- N/73Section41- W direct to 34Section19- N/74Sec...
77Section00- W direct to 27Section50- N/76Section32- W direc...
27Section50- N/74Section50- W direct to 25Section00- N/73Sec...
69Section07- W direct to 23Section30- N/68Section40- W direc...
23Section30- N/60Section00- W to the point of beginning.
(d) RVSM in the United States. RVSM may
(e) RVSM in the gulf of Mexico. RVSM may
(f) RVSM in Atlantic High Offshore Airspace
2000; Amdt. 91-271, 66 FR 63895, Dec. 10, 2001;
91-348, 82 FR 39664, Aug. 22, 2017]
PART 93 - SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC
...
Page 160 - pdf   html   txt
93.93
93.95
93.97
93.221 Transfer of slots.
93.223 Slot withdrawal.
93.224 Return of slots.
93.225 Lottery of available slots.
93.226 Allocation of slots in low-demand periods.
93.227 Slot use and loss.
Subpart H - Mandatory Use of the New
93.101
93.103
Subpart T - Ronald Reagan Washington
Subpart I [Reserved]
93.251
93.253
Subpart J - Lorain County Regional Airport
93.117
93.119
Subpart U - Special Flight Rules in the Vicinity of Grand Ca...
Subpart K - High Density Traffic Airports
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
93.351 General requirements for operating in
93.352 Hudson River Exclusion specific operating procedures.
93.353 East River Exclusion specific operating procedures.
40106, 40109, 40113, 44502, 44514, 44701, 44715,
44719, 46301.
60, see part 91 of this chapter.
Subpart A - General
Section 93.1
2003]
Subpart D - Anchorage, Alaska,
29, 1999, unless otherwise noted.
Section 93.51 Applicability.
2003]
Section 93.53 Description of area.
34 extended centerline to lat. 61Section17-13-
61Section17-58- N., long 149Section44-08- W.; thence to
Section 93.55
(a) International segment. That area
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
Page 162 - pdf   html   txt
Section 93.57
(b) Merrill segment. That area from
(c) Lake Hood segment. That area from
090Section bearing from the Anchorage International ATCT; th...
(d) Elmendorf segment. That area from
4.7-mile radius of Elmendorf AFB;
149Section46-44- W.; thence south along long.
149Section46-44- W. to lat. 61Section19-10- N.; thence
149Section43-08- W.; thence south along long.
149Section43-08- W. to the Glenn Highway;
(e) Bryant segment. That area from
61Section17-13- N., long. 149Section37-35- W.; thence
149Section43-08- W.; thence south along long.
149Section43-08- W., to the Glenn Highway;
(f) Seward Highway segment. That
4,100 feet MSL, within a line beginning
180Section from the intersection of the new
61Section07-23- N., long 149Section50-03- W.; thence
61Section08-14- N., long. 149Section50-03- W.; thence
61Section08-14- N., long. 149Section48-16- W.; thence
61Section10-51-
...
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Section 93.59
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) Each person operating an airplane
(c) Each person operating a helicopter shall operate it in a...
(d) Except as provided in Section 93.65 (d)
(e) Except as provided in SectionSection 93.63(d)
Section 93.59 General rules: International
(a) No person may operate an aircraft
(b) Each person operating an airplane
(c) Each person operating an airplane
Section 93.61 General rules: Lake Hood segment.
(a) No person may operate an aircraft
(b) Each person operating an airplane
Section 93.63
(a) No person may operate an aircraft
(b) Each person operating an airplane
(c) Each person operating an airplane
(d) Whenever the Merrill ATCT is not
Section 93.65 General rules: Elmendorf segment.
(a) Each person operating a turbinepowered aircraft within t...
(b) Each person operating an airplane
...
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Section 93.71
(d) A person landing or departing
(e) A person landing or departing
(f) A person operating in VFR conditions, at or below 600 fe...
Section 93.67 General rules: Bryant segment.
(a) Each person operating an airplane
(b) Each person operating an aircraft
Section 93.68 General rules: Seward Highway
(a) Each person operating an airplane
(b) Each person operating an aircraft
(c) At all times, each person operating an aircraft above 1,...
Section 93.69 Special
Subpart E - Flight Restrictions in
Section 93.71
(a) Flight restrictions are in effect
79Section03-30- W. (the International Control
(b) No flight is authorized below 3,500
(c) Check with Transport Canada for
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.80
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) The minimum altitude for VFR
(e) Comply with the following procedures when conducting fli...
(f) These procedures do not relieve pilots from the requirem...
(g) Flight following, to and from the
2003]
Subpart F - Valparaiso, Florida,
Section 93.80
2003]
Section 93.81 Applicability and description of
(a) North-South Corridor. The NorthSouth Corridor includes t...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
86Section27-37- W.;
86Section27-37- W.;
86Section25-30- W.;
86Section25-30- W.;
86Section25-00- W.;
86Section25-00- W.;
86Section38-12- W.;
86Section38-02- W.;
...
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Section 93.95
86Section23-45- W.; to the beginning.
2003]
Section 93.83
(a) North-South Corridor. Unless otherwise authorized by ATC...
(b) East-West Corridor. Unless otherwise authorized by ATC (...
Subpart G - Special Flight Rules in
41214, July 10, 2003, unless otherwise noted.
Section 93.91
Section 93.93
33Section57-42- N, long. 118Section27-23- W), then
33Section55-51- N, long. 118Section22-06- W), then
118Section26-05- W), then northbound along
Section 93.95
Section 93.93 unless the operation is conducted
(a) The flight must be conducted
Section 91.155(a) of this chapter.
(b) The aircraft must be equipped as
(c) The pilot shall have a current Los
(d) The pilot shall operate on the
132Section radial.
...
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Section 93.97
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) Aircraft navigating in a southeasterly direction shall b...
(f) Aircraft navigating in a northwesterly direction shall b...
(g) Indicated airspeed shall not exceed 140 knots.
(h) Anti-collision lights and aircraft
(i) Turbojet aircraft are prohibited
Section 93.97 Operations in the SFRA.
Section 91.131(a) of this chapter, an air traffic
Section 93.95. All other provisions of Section 91.131 of
Subpart H - Mandatory Use of the
Subpart I [Reserved]
Subpart J - Lorain County
Section 93.117
2003]
Section 93.119
101, 81 FR 62811, Sept. 13, 2016, unless otherwise noted.
Subpart K - High Density Traffic
Section 93.101 Applicability.
Section 93.121
1973]
...
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Section 93.123
3, 5
1 Washington National Airport operations are subject to
...
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Section 93.125
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 93.221(e) of this part pursuant to the
18, 1980; Amdt. 93-44, 46 FR 58048, Nov. 27,
1981; Amdt. 93-46, 49 FR 8244, Mar. 6, 1984;
37303, Sept. 8, 1989; Amdt. 93-59, 54 FR 39843,
19, 1991; Amdt. 93-78, 64 FR 53564, Oct. 1, 1999;
Section 93.125 Arrival or departure reservation.
a.m. local time, no person may operate
3 miles.
(c) For the purpose of this section a
(d) An aircraft operator must obtain
1972; Amdt. 93-44, 46 FR 58049, Nov. 27, 1981;
Section 93.129 Additional operations.
(a) IFR. The operator of an aircraft
(b) VFR. The operator of an aircraft
Section 93.130
1970; Amdt. 93-27, 38 FR 29464, Oct. 25, 1973]
Section 93.133
(a) The Newark Airport, Newark, NJ;
(b) The Kennedy International Airport, New York, NY, except ...
...
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Section 93.162
Subpart M - Ketchikan
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of
8, 1976, unless otherwise noted.
Section 93.151 Applicability.
2003]
Section 93.152 Description of area.
2003]
Section 93.153 Communications.
(a) When the Ketchikan Flight Service Station is in operatio...
(b) When the Ketchikan Flight Service Station is not in oper...
10 miles from Ketchikan International
Section 93.155 Aircraft operations.
(a) When an advisory is received from
(b) Unless otherwise authorized by
Subpart N - Pearson Field (Vancouver, WA) Airport Traffic
100, 81 FR 62806, Sept. 12, 2016, unless otherwise noted.
Section 93.161 Applicability.
Section 93.162 Description of area.
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...
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Section 93.163
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 93.163 Aircraft operations.
(a) Unless otherwise authorized by
Section 93.162, or taxi onto the runway at
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of
Section 91.185.
(c) Unless otherwise authorized by
Subpart O - Special Flight Rules in
Section 93.175 Applicability.
Section 93.176 Description of area.
(a) East Sector:
112Section28-41- W; to Lat. 33Section23-56- N; Long.
112Section28-37- W; to Lat. 33Section27-53- N; Long.
112Section24-12- W; to point of beginning.
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Section 93.213
(b) West Sector:
Section 93.177 Operations in the Special Air
(a) Unless otherwise authorized by
(b) Requests for deviation from the
Subpart S - Allocation of Commuter and Air Carrier IFR Opera...
20, 1985, unless otherwise noted.
Section 93.211
(a) This subpart prescribes rules applicable to the allocati...
(b) This subpart also prescribes rules
Section 93.213 Definitions and general provisions.
(a) For purposes of this subpart - 
1985.
(i) Returned to the FAA;
Section 93.227(a); or
(b) The definitions specified in subpart K of this part also...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.215
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) For purposes of this subpart, if an
13, 1986; Amdt. 93-57, 54 FR 34906, Aug. 22,
1989; 54 FR 37303, Sept. 8, 1989; Amdt. 93-65, 57
Section 93.215 Initial allocation of slots.
(a) Each air carrier and commuter
(b) Any permanent slot whose use on
(c) A carrier may permanently designate a slot it holds at K...
15 of the preceding year for summer
(d) Within 30 days after December 16,
1985, each U.S. air carrier and commuter operator must notif...
1985.
(e) Any slot not held by an operator
13, 1986]
Section 93.217 Allocation of slots for international operati...
(a) Any air carrier of commuter operator having the authorit...
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Section 93.217
(a)(10) of this section, at Kennedy and
(a)(10) of this section, additional slots
93.217(a)(5) if a request is submitted to
Section 93.221(a)(1) by the deadline published
93.217(a)(8) will be granted, the following will be taken in...
(i) The availability of vacant slot
(v) Schedule constraints of carriers
15 for a summer season unless:
(i) Allocation of the slot does not result in a total alloca...
Section 93.218, and does not exceed by more
(a)(10)(i) of this section, a slot is available for allocati...
(b) If a slot allocated under Section 93.215
(c) If a slot is offered to a carrier in
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.218
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 93.221(a)(1) and must repeat the certified statement...
(d) The Office of the Secretary of
(e) Each request for slots under this
1990; 56 FR 1059, Jan. 10, 1991; Amdt. 93-78, 64
Section 93.218 Slots for transborder service
(a) Except as otherwise provided in
(b) Canadian carriers shall have a
(c) Any modification to the slot base
1999]
Section 93.219 Allocation of slots for essential
(a) Slots obtained under this section
(b) Any slot obtained under this section must be returned to...
(c) Slots shall be allocated for EAS
(d) The Department will not honor
(e) Slots obtained under Civil Aeronautics Board Order No. 8...
Section 93.221
(a) Except as otherwise provided in
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 93.221
Section 93.223(b)(5).
1, 1991, has been used by the carrier
Section 93.221(a)(5)(i) shall continue to apply
(b) A record of each slot transfer
(c) Any person may buy or sell slots
(c)(2) but commuter slots may only be
(d) Air carriers and commuter operators considered to be a s...
(e) Notwithstanding Section 93.123(c)(2) of
(i) Having an actual seating configuration of 110 or fewer p...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.223
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e), notice to ATC shall be submitted in
20591.
13, 1986; Amdt. 93-58, 54 FR 39293, Sept. 25,
1989; Amdt. 93-62, 56 FR 41208, Aug. 19, 1991;
93-68, 58 FR 39616, July 23, 1993]
Section 93.223
(a) Slots do not represent a property
Section 93.227 will be allocated.
(b) Separate slot pools shall be established for air carrier...
(c) Whenever slots must be withdrawn, they will be withdrawn...
12 or fewer slots at that airport (excluding slots used for ...
93.318(b), shall be withdrawn for use for
(d) The following withdrawal priority
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Section 93.225
(e) The operator(s) using each slot to
(f) For 24 months following a lottery
13, 1986; Amdt. 93-57, 54 FR 34906, Aug. 22,
1989; Amdt. 93-65, 57 FR 37314, Aug. 18, 1992;
Section 93.224 Return of slots.
(a) Whenever a slot is required to be
Section 93.221(a)(1) in writing of the date after
(b) Slots may be voluntarily returned
Section 93.225 Lottery of available slots.
(a) Whenever the FAA determines
(b) A random lottery shall be held to
(c) Slot allocation lotteries shall be
(d) The FAA shall publish a notice in
(e) Participation in a lottery is open
800 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20591. The noti...
(f) At the lottery, each operator must
(g) To select slots during a slot lottery session, a carrier...
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Section 93.226
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(h) During the first selection sequence, 25 percent of the s...
(i) Slots obtained under this section
13, 1986; Amdt. 93-58, 54 FR 39293, Sept. 25,
1989; Amdt. 93-65, 57 FR 37314, Aug. 18, 1992; 57
53565, Oct. 1, 1999]
Section 93.226 Allocation of slots in low-demand periods.
(a) If there are available slots in the
(i) 6:00 a.m.-6:59 a.m.
(b) Slots will be allocated only to operators with the econo...
(c) Requests for allocations under
(d) The FAA may deny requests made
(e) Slots may be allocated on a seasonal or temporary basis ...
Section 93.227 Slot use and loss.
(a) Except as provided in paragraphs
(b), (c), (d), (g), and (l) of this section,
(b) Paragraph (a) of this section does
Section 93.225 of this part during:
(c) Paragraph (a) of this section does
(d) In the case of a carrier that files
...
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Section 93.227
(i) 30 days after the carrier ceases operations at that airp...
(e) Persons having slots withdrawn
(f) Persons holding slots but not
(g) This section does not apply to
(h) Within 30 days after an operator
(i) Every air carrier and commuter
14 days after the last day of the 2month period beginning Ja...
1986, and every 2 months thereafter,
Section 93.213(c) of this subpart. The report
(j) The Chief Counsel of the FAA may
(a) of this section in the event of a
(k) The Chief Counsel of the FAA
(l) The FAA will treat as used any
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.251
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
13, 1986; Amdt. 93-65, 57 FR 37315, Aug. 18,
1992; Amdt. 93-71, 59 FR 58771, Nov. 15, 1994]
Subpart T - Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport Traffi...
3, 1986; Amdt. 93-82, 68 FR 9795, Feb. 28, 2003,
Section 93.251 Applicability.
Section 93.253 Nonstop operations.
Subpart U - Special Flight Rules in
36Section05-11- N., Long. 113Section58-46- W.; thence
113Section53-48- W.; northeast to Lat. 36Section02-14-
113Section48-21- W.; to Lat. 35Section59-15- N., Long.
113Section47-13- W.; to Lat. 35Section57-51- N., Long.
113Section46-01- W.; to Lat. 35Section57-45- N., Long.
113Section45-23- W.; southwest to Lat. 35Section54-48-
113Section27-49- W.; northeast to Lat. 35Section42-58-
35Section57-51- N., Long. 113Section11-06- W.; east to
31, 1996, unless otherwise noted.
Section 93.301 Applicability.
111Section45-00- W.; to Lat. 35Section59-02- N., Long.
111Section36-03- W.; north to Lat. 36Section15-30- N.,
...
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Section 93.305
Section 93.305 Flight-free zones and flight
(a) Desert View Flight-free Zone. That
36Section00-24- N., Long. 111Section51-04- W.; thence
(b) Bright Angel Flight-free Zone. That
111Section53-54- W.; northwest to Lat. 36Section18-18-
36Section20-11- N., Long. 112Section06-25- W.; southsouthwes...
112Section11-15- W.; to Lat. 36Section04-16- N., Long.
112Section17-20- W.; thence southeast along
112Section08-49- W.) to Lat. 35Section59-37- N., Long.
112Section04-29- W.; thence east along the
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.307
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
112Section08-45- W. and Lat. 36Section15-01- N., Long.
111Section55-39- W.
(c) Toroweap/Shinumo Flight-free Zone.
112Section19-27- W.; north-northeast to Lat.
36Section10-49- N., Long. 112Section13-19- W.; to Lat.
36Section21-02- N., Long. 112Section08-47- W.; thence
113Section08-34- W.; thence in an easterly direction along t...
36Section24-42- N., Long. 112Section48-47- W. and Lat.
36Section14-17- N., Long. 112Section48-31- W. The airspace d...
112Section34-35- W. and Lat. 36Section22-51- N., Long.
112Section18-18- W. The Fossil Canyon Corridor is to be used...
(d) Sanup Flight-free Zone. That airspace extending from the...
113Section41-09- W.; to Lat. 35Section59-09- N., Long.
113Section40-53- W.; to Lat. 35Section58-45- N., Long.
113Section40-15- W.; to Lat. 35Section57-52- N., Long.
113Section39-34- W.; to Lat. 35Section56-44- N., Long.
113Section39-07- W.; to Lat. 35Section56-04- N., Long.
113Section39-20- W.; to Lat. 35Section55-02- N., Long.
113Section40-43- W.; to Lat. 35Section54-47- N., Long.
...
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Section 93.317
Section 91.119 of this chapter.):
(a) Unless necessary to maintain a
(b) Unless necessary to maintain a
(c) For operation in the flight-free
Section 93.305 or below the altitudes listed in
Section 93.307 only for operations of aircraft
(d) Is conducted in accordance with a
(e) Is a search and rescue mission directed by the U.S. Air ...
(f) Is conducted within 3 nautical
(g) Is conducted under an instrument
Section 93.311
Section 93.313
Section 93.315 Requirements for commercial
Section 93.316
Section 93.317 Commercial Special Flight
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.319
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a) Summer season (May 1-September 30)-6 p.m. to 8 a.m. dail...
(b) Winter season (October 1-April
30)-5 p.m. to 9 a.m. daily.
Section 93.319 Commercial air tour limitations.
(a) Unless excepted under paragraph
(f) or (g) of this section, no certificate
(b) The Administrator determines the
(c) Certificate holders who conducted
(d) A certificate holder must use one
(e) Each certificate holder-s operation specifications will ...
(f) Certificate holders satisfying the
(g) Certificate holders conducting
1999 because they were not required to
42 minutes east and longitude line 111
Section 93.321 Transfer and termination of
(a) Allocations are not a property interest; they are an ope...
(b) Allocations are subject to the following conditions:
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 93.325
18,000 feet MSL and operations in the
111 degrees 42 minutes east to longitude 111 degrees 36 minu...
(i) Such transactions are subject to
(i) Efficiency of airspace;
Section 93.323 Flight plans.
Section 93.325 Quarterly reporting.
(a) Each certificate holder must submit in writing, within 3...
(b) Each quarterly report must contain the following informa...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.333
29, 2005]
Subpart V - Washington, DC Metropolitan Area Special Flight
76213, Dec. 16, 2008, unless otherwise noted.
36 amendment level, for airplanes having a
36, Amendment 22 or later.
36, Amendment 21 or earlier;
Section 93.331 Purpose and applicability of
Section 93.335), which includes the airspace
Section 93.333 Failure to comply with this
(a) Any violation. The FAA may take
(b) Knowing or willful violations. The
49 U.S.C. 46307. In addition to being
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
Page 189 - pdf   html   txt
Section 93.335
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a) of this section, persons who knowingly or willfully viol...
49 U.S.C. 40103(b)(3) may be subject to
Section 93.335 Definitions.
38Section59-31- N., Long. 077Section18-30- W.); then
39Section02-18- N., Long. 076Section50-38- W.); thence
076Section48-32- W.); thence clockwise along
13 NM (Lat.38Section50-53- N., Long 077Section18-48-
077Section02-11- W., or the DCA VOR/DME.
16, 2008; Amdt. 93-91, 73 FR 79314, Dec. 29,
2008]
Section 93.337 Requirements for operating in
Section 93.339 Requirements for operating in
(a) Except as provided in paragraphs
(b) and (c) of this section and in Section 93.345,
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
Page 190 - pdf   html   txt
Section 93.341
(b) Paragraph (a)(5) of this section
(c) When operating an aircraft in the
(d) When operating an aircraft in the
(a)(7) of this section.
(e) Pilots must transmit the assigned
Section 93.341 Aircraft operations in the DC
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, no pilot may conduct any flight operati...
101, 103, 105, 125, 133, 135, or 137 of this
(b) Department of Defense (DOD) operations, law enforcement ...
(c) The following aircraft operations
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.343
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
243.0.
(d) Before departing from an airport
Section 93.343 Requirements for aircraft operations to or fr...
(a) A pilot may not operate an aircraft to or from College P...
(b) If using IFR procedures, a pilot
(c) If using VFR egress procedures, a
(d) If using VFR ingress procedures,
(e) VFR arrivals:
Section 93.345 VFR outbound procedures for
(a) A pilot may depart from a fringe
121.5 or UHF frequency 243.0.
(b) No pilot may operate an aircraft
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
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Section 93.352
Subpart W - New York Class B Airspace Hudson River and East
Section 93.350
(a) Local operation. Any aircraft within the Hudson River Ex...
(b) Transient operation. Aircraft
(c) New York Class B airspace East
1,500 feet MSL between the east and
74Section02-03- W.; and that airspace 1,100 feet
(d) New York Class B airspace Hudson
40Section57-45- N., long. 73Section54-48- W. (near Alpine To...
74Section02-03- W., thence north along a line
73Section54-23- W., thence to the point of beginning.
Section 93.351 General requirements for operating in the Eas...
(a) Maintain an indicated airspeed
(b) Anti-collision lights and aircraft
(c) Self announce position on the appropriate radio frequenc...
(d) Have a current New York TAC
Section 93.352 Hudson River Exclusion specific operating pro...
Section 93.351, the following procedures apply:
(a) Pilots must self announce, at the
(b) Pilots must fly along the west
...
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Section 93.353
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Aircraft transiting the area within the Hudson River Exc...
Section 93.353 East River Exclusion specific
(a) Seaplanes landing on or taking off
(b) Airplanes authorized by ATC. Pilots must contact LaGuard...
PART 95 - IFR ALTITUDES
97 [NOTE]
Subpart A - General
95.1 Applicability.
95.3 Symbols.
Subpart B - Designated Mountainous Areas
95.11 General.
95.13 Eastern United States Mountainous
95.15 Western United States Mountainous
95.17 Alaska Mountainous Area.
95.19 Hawaii Mountainous Area.
95.21 Puerto Rico Mountainous Area.
Subpart C - En Route IFR Altitudes Over
95.31
Subpart D - Changeover Points
...
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Section 95.13
2003]
Section 95.3
23, 1964]
Subpart B - Designated
(a) COP means changeover point.
(b) L means compass locator;
(c) LF/MF means low frequency, medium frequency;
(d) LFR means low frequency radio
(e) VOR-E means VOR and distance
(f) Z means a very high frequency location marker.
Section 95.11 General.
Section 95.13 Eastern United States Mountainous Area.
(a) Area.
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
67Section55- W.; thence west and south along the
42Section57- N., longitude 77Section30- W.; thence to latitu...
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
Section 95.13
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Section 95.17
79Section54- W.; thence to latitude 38Section25- N., longitu...
32Section30- N., longitude 86Section25- W.; thence to latitu...
72Section40- W.; thence to latitude 42Section13- N., longitu...
45Section00- N., longitude 69Section30- W.; thence to latitu...
(b) Exceptions. The area bounded by
73Section26- W.; thence to latitude 44Section32- N., longitu...
41Section16- N., longitude 73Section50- W.; thence to latitu...
73Section55- W.; thence to latitude 43Section02- N., longitu...
42Section52- N., longitude 73Section53- W.; thence to latitu...
Section 95.15 Western United States Mountainous Area.
(a) Area. From the Pacific coastline
108Section00- W.; thence to latitude 46Section45- N., longit...
41Section52- N., longitude 103Section39- W.; thence to latit...
(b) Exceptions.
38Section30- N., longitude 121Section24- W.; thence to latit...
121Section51- W.; thence to latitude 37Section37- N., longit...
47Section12- N., longitude 122Section00- W.; thence to latit...
123Section17- W.; thence to latitude 47Section15- N., longit...
48Section17- N., longitude 123Section15- W.; thence North
122Section21- W., point of beginning.
...
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Section 95.17
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
64Section09- N, longitude 145Section16- W; thence to
146Section37- W; thence to latitude 64Section54- N,
150Section28- W; thence to latitude 61Section08- N,
59Section49- N, longitude 152Section40- W; thence to
153Section10- W; thence to latitude 59Section33- N,
60Section31- N, longitude 150Section43- W; thence to
149Section15- W; thence to latitude 61Section44- N,
62Section23- N, longitude 149Section54- W; thence to
151Section12- W, point of beginning.
159Section30- W; thence to latitude 59Section40- N,
59Section40- N, longitude 155Section30- W; thence to
154Section40- W; thence to latitude 58Section57- N,
58Section00- N, longitude 156Section20- W; thence to
158Section39- W; thence to latitude 56Section27- N,
159Section30- W, point of beginning.
163Section03- W; thence to latitude 62Section05- N,
61Section51- N, longitude 160Section43- W; thence to
158Section00- W; thence to latitude 61Section45- N,
61Section34- N, longitude 159Section15- W; thence to
...
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Section 95.17
Section 95.19
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Section 95.21
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
66Section58- W., thence to latitude 18Section19- N., longitu...
18Section03- N., longitude 65Section52- W.; thence to latitu...
66Section58- W.; the point of beginning.
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Section 95.21 Puerto Rico Mountainous Area.
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Section 95.21
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Section 95.31
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Subpart C - En Route IFR Altitudes
Subpart B - Procedures
97.10
Subpart C - TERPS Procedures
Section 95.31 General.
Subpart D - Changeover Points
Section 95.8001 General.
PART 97 - STANDARD INSTRUMENT
Subpart A - General
97.1 Applicability.
97.3 Symbols and terms used in procedures.
97.5 Bearings, courses, tracks, headings,
97.20
40106, 40113, 40114, 40120, 44502, 44514, 44701,
44719, and 44721-44722.
29, 1963, unless otherwise noted.
Subpart A - General
Section 97.1
(a) This part prescribes standard instrument approach proced...
...
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Section 97.3
5,200-foot radius of the missed approach
65 knots (as established in an approved
65 knots or less means an aircraft that
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Section 97.5
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
2007]
Section 97.5 Bearings, courses, tracks, headings, radials, m...
(a) All bearings, courses, tracks,
(b) RVR values are stated in feet.
7, 2007]
Subpart B - Procedures
97.19, respectively, but are not carried in the
Section 97.10
Subpart C - TERPS Procedures
6, 1967, unless otherwise noted.
Section 97.20
(a) This subpart prescribes standard
(b) Standard instrument approach
8260-5. Takeoff minimums and obstacle
(c) Standard instrument approach
2007]
PART 99 - SECURITY CONTROL OF
Subpart A - General
99.1
...
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Section 99.5
99.13 Transponder-on requirements.
99.15 Position reports.
99.17 Deviation from flight plans and ATC
99.19-99.31 [Reserved]
Subpart B - Designated Air Defense
99.41
99.43
99.45
99.47
99.49
1988; 66 FR 49822, Sept. 28, 2001; 69 FR 16755,
40106, 40113, 40120, 44502, 44721.
20, 1988, unless otherwise noted.
Subpart A - General
Section 99.1
(a) This subpart prescribes rules for
(b) Except for SectionSection 99.7, 99.13, and 99.15
(c) An FAA ATC center may exempt
Section 99.3
28, 2001, as amended at 69 FR 16755, Mar. 30,
...
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Section 99.7
Section 99.7
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 99.9
(a) A person who operates a civil aircraft into an ADIZ must...
(b) No person may operate an aircraft
(c) If the pilot operating an aircraft
(d) If a pilot operating an aircraft
Section 91.185 of this chapter.
28, 2001, as amended at 69 FR 16756, Mar. 30,
2004]
Section 99.11
(a) No person may operate an aircraft
(b) Unless ATC authorizes an abbreviated flight plan - 
Section 91.169; and
Section 91.153(a) (1) through (6).
(i) Immediately after takeoff or when
(c) The pilot shall designate a flight
(d) The pilot in command of an aircraft for which a flight p...
99-15, 54 FR 34331, Aug. 18, 1989; 66 FR 49822,
Section 99.12
...
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Section 99.43
(d) Paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section do not apply to t...
Section 99.15 Position reports.
(a) The pilot of an aircraft operating
(b) No pilot may operate an aircraft
(c) In addition to any other reports
Section 99.17 Deviation from flight plans and
(a) No pilot may deviate from the
Section 91.123 of this chapter.
(b) No pilot may deviate from the
(c) No pilot may deviate from the
Subpart B - Designated Air
Section 99.41 General.
Section 99.43 Contiguous U.S. ADIZ.
43Section15- N, 65Section55-W; 44Section21- N; 67Section16-W...
72Section15-W; 39Section55- N; 73Section00-W; 39Section38- N...
73Section00-W; 39Section36- N; 73Section40-W; 37Section00- N...
75Section30-W; 36Section10- N; 75Section10-W; 35Section10- N...
75Section10-W; 32Section00- N; 80Section30-W; 30Section30- N...
81Section00-W; 26Section40- N; 79Section40-W; 25Section00- N...
80Section05-W; 24Section25- N; 81Section15-W; 24Section20- N...
...
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Section 99.45
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
97Section00-W; 26Section00- N; 97Section00-W; 25Section58- N...
97Section07-W; westward along the U.S./Mexico border to 32Se...
32Section30- N; 117Section25-W; 32Section35- N; 118Section30...
33Section05- N; 119Section45-W; 33Section55- N; 120Section40...
34Section50- N; 121Section10-W; 38Section50- N; 124Section00...
40Section00- N; 124Section35-W; 40Section25- N; 124Section40...
42Section50- N; 124Section50-W; 46Section15- N; 124Section30...
48Section30- N; 125Section00-W; 48Section20- N; 128Section00...
48Section20- N; 132Section00-W; 37Section42- N; 130Section40...
29Section00- N; 124Section00-W; 30Section45- N; 120Section50...
32Section00- N; 118Section24-W; 32Section30- N; 117Section20...
32Section32-03- N; 117Section07-25- W; eastward along
97Section07-W; 26Section00- N; 97Section00-W; 26Section00- N...
95Section00-W; 26Section30- N; 95Section00-W; then via 26Sec...
83Section00-W; then Via 24Section00- N; parallel to
24Section00- N; 79Section25-W; 25Section40- N; 79Section25-W...
63Section45-W; 43Section00- N; 65Section48-W; to point of be...
28, 2001. Redesignated at 69 FR 16756, Mar. 30,
2004]
...
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Section 101.7
Subpart D - Unmanned Free Balloons
101.31 Applicability.
101.33 Operating limitations.
101.35 Equipment and marking
101.37 Notice requirements.
101.39 Balloon position reports.
Subpart E - Special Rule for Model Aircraft
101.41 Applicability.
101.43 Endangering the safety of the National Airspace Syste...
44701-44702, 44721, 46308, Sec. 336(b), Pub. L.
112-95, 126 Stat. 77.
Subpart A - General
Section 101.1 Applicability.
(a) This part prescribes rules governing the operation in th...
(i) Carries a payload package that
(i) Capable of sustained flight in the
(b) For the purposes of this part, a
1964; Amdt. 101-3, 35 FR 8213, May 26, 1970;
38092, July 31, 2009; Docket FAA-2015-0150,
Section 101.3
...
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Section 101.11
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Subpart B - Moored Balloons and
29, 1963, unless otherwise noted.
Section 101.11 Applicability.
Section 101.13 Operating limitations.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, no person may operate a moored balloon ...
(b) Paragraph (a) of this section does
Section 101.15 Notice requirements.
(a) The names and addresses of the
(b) The size of the balloon or the size
(c) The location of the operation.
(d) The height above the surface of
(e) The date, time, and duration of
Section 101.17 Lighting and marking requirements.
(a) No person may operate a moored
(b) No person may operate a moored
21, 1974]
Section 101.19
Subpart C -  Amateur Rockets
...
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Section 101.27
(b) Class 2 - High-Power Rocket means
(c) Class 3 - Advanced High-Power
2008]
Section 101.23
(a) You must operate an amateur
(b) The FAA may specify additional
2008]
Section 101.25 Operating
Section 101.23. In addition, you must not operate Class 2-Hi...
3-Advanced High Power Rockets - 
(a) At any altitude where clouds or
(b) At any altitude where the horizontal visibility is less ...
(c) Into any cloud;
(d) Between sunset and sunrise without prior authorization f...
(e) Within 9.26 kilometers (5 nautical
(f) In controlled airspace without
(g) Unless you observe the greater of
(h) Unless a person at least eighteen
(i) Unless reasonable precautions are
Section 101.27 ATC
...
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Section 101.29
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 101.29 Information requirements.
(a) Class 2 - High-Power Rockets. When
45 days before the proposed operation.
(b) Class 3 - Advanced High-Power
2008, as amended at Doc. No. FAA-2007-27390,
74 FR 31843, July 6, 2009]
Subpart D - Unmanned Free
1964, unless otherwise noted.
Section 101.31
Section 101.33
(a) Unless otherwise authorized by
(b) At any altitude where there are
(c) At any altitude below 60,000 feet
(d) During the first 1,000 feet of ascent, over a congested ...
(e) In such a manner that impact of
1991]
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Section 101.39
Section 101.35 Equipment and marking requirements.
(a) No person may operate an unmanned free balloon unless - 
2700 MHz frequency range.
(a) (1) and (2) of this section when
(b) No person may operate an unmanned free balloon below 60,...
(c) No person may operate an unmanned free balloon that is e...
50 foot intervals and that are visible
(d) No person may operate between
1967; Amdt. 101-4, 39 FR 22252, June 21, 1974]
Section 101.37
(a) Prelaunch notice: Except as provided in paragraph (b) of...
60,000 feet standard pressure altitude,
(b) For solar or cosmic disturbance
(a) of this section shall be given within
30 minutes to 24 hours before beginning
(c) Cancellation notice: If the operation is canceled, the p...
(d) Launch notice: Each person operating an unmanned free ba...
Section 101.39
(a) Each person operating an unmanned free balloon shall:
15:43 Jan 19, 2018
...
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Section 101.41
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) One hour before beginning descent, each person operating...
(c) If a balloon position report is not
(d) Each person operating an unmanned free balloon shall not...
Subpart E - Special Rule for Model
9, 81 FR 42208, June 28, 2016, unless otherwise
Section 101.41
(a) The aircraft is flown strictly for
(b) The aircraft is operated in accordance with a community-...
(c) The aircraft is limited to not
(d) The aircraft is operated in a manner that does not inter...
(e) When flown within 5 miles of an
Section 101.43 Endangering the safety of the
PART 103 - ULTRALIGHT VEHICLES
Subpart A - General
103.1
103.3
103.5
103.7
Subpart B - Operating Rules
...
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Section 103.17
(b) Is used or intended to be used for
(c) Does not have any U.S. or foreign
(d) If unpowered, weighs less than 155
(e) If powered:
5 U.S. gallons;
Section 103.3 Inspection requirements.
(a) Any person operating an ultralight vehicle under this pa...
(b) The pilot or operator of an ultralight vehicle must, upo...
Section 103.5 Waivers.
Section 103.7 Certification and registration.
(a) Notwithstanding any other section pertaining to certific...
(b) Notwithstanding any other section pertaining to airman c...
(c) Notwithstanding any other section pertaining to registra...
Subpart B - Operating Rules
Section 103.9 Hazardous operations.
(a) No person may operate any ultralight vehicle in a manner...
(b) No person may allow an object to
Section 103.11 Daylight operations.
(a) No person may operate an ultralight vehicle except betwe...
(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of
...
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Section 103.19
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
10,000 feet
10,000 feet
Section 103.19 Operations in prohibited or
Section 103.20 Flight restrictions in the proximity of certa...
Section 91.141, Section 91.143 or Section 91.145 of this cha...
(a) Air Traffic Control (ATC); or
(b) A Flight Standards Certificate of
Section 103.17 of this part.
3 statute miles ......
3 statute miles ......
3 statute miles ......
500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
3 statute miles ......
500 feet below.
...
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Section 105.3
105.43 Use of single-harness, dual-parachute
105.45 Use of tandem parachute systems.
105.47 Use of static lines.
105.49 Foreign parachutists and equipment.
44701-44702, 44721.
23553, May 9, 2001, unless otherwise noted.
Section 105.1
(a) Except as provided in paragraphs
(b) and (c) of this section, this part prescribes rules gove...
(b) This part does not apply to a
(c) Sections 105.5, 105.9, 105.13, 105.15,
105.17, 105.19 through 105.23, 105.25(a)(1)
Section 105.3
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Section 105.5
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 105.5
Section 105.7
(a) Alcohol, or
(b) Any drug that affects that person-s faculties in any way...
Section 105.9
Subpart B - Operating Rules
Section 105.13 Radio equipment and use requirements.
(a) Except when otherwise authorized
(i) The aircraft is equipped with a
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Section 105.17
(i) Continuously monitor the appropriate frequency of the ai...
(b) Parachute operations must be
Section 105.15 Information required and notice of cancellati...
(a) Each person requesting an authorization under SectionSec...
(i) The nearest VOR facility in terms
(b) Each holder of a certificate of authorization issued und...
105.25(b) of this part must present that
(c) Each person requesting an authorization under SectionSec...
Section 105.17 Flight visibility and clearance
(a) Into or through a cloud, or
(b) When the flight visibility or the
1,200 feet or less
10,000 feet MSL.
500 feet below, 1,000
500 feet below, 1,000
1,000 feet below, 1,000
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...
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Section 105.19
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 105.19 Parachute operations between
(a) No person may conduct a parachute operation, and no pilo...
(b) The light required by paragraph
(a) of this section must be displayed
Section 105.21 Parachute operations over or
(a) No person may conduct a parachute operation, and no pilo...
(b) An application for a certificate of
(c) Each holder of, and each person
(d) Each holder of a certificate of authorization issued und...
Section 105.23 Parachute operations over or
(a) For airports with an operating
(b) For airports without an operating
(c) A parachutist may drift over that
Section 105.25 Parachute operations in designated airspace.
(a) No person may conduct a parachute operation, and no pilo...
(c) and (d) of this section, within or
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Section 105.45
(b) Each request for a parachute operation authorization or ...
(c) For the purposes of paragraph
(a)(3) of this section, air traffic control
Section 105.15(a) of this part, identify the responsible per...
(d) Paragraph (a)(3) of this section
Subpart C - Parachute Equipment
Section 105.41
Section 105.43 Use of single-harness, dualparachute systems.
(a) The main parachute must have
(b) The reserve parachute must have
(b)(1) of this section.
(c) If installed, the automatic activation device must be ma...
2001, as amended by Amdt. 105-13, 73 FR
69531, Nov. 19, 2008]
Section 105.45 Use of tandem parachute systems.
(a) No person may conduct a parachute operation using a tand...
(i) Has a minimum of 3 years of experience in parachuting, a...
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Section 105.47
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(v) Has been certified by the appropriate parachute manufact...
(i) Has briefed the passenger parachutist before boarding th...
(b) No person may make a parachute
(i) Have been maintained in accordance with manufacturer ins...
Section 105.47
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, no person may conduct a parachute opera...
(i) At least 28 pounds but not more
(i) At one end, to the static line
(b) No person may attach an assist
(c) An assist device is not required
Section 105.49 Foreign
(a) No person may conduct a parachute operation, and no pilo...
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Section 107.1
(i) The main parachute must be
PART 106 [RESERVED]
PART 107 - SMALL UNMANNED
107.41 Operation in certain airspace.
107.43 Operation in the vicinity of airports.
107.45 Operation in prohibited or restricted
107.47 Flight restrictions in the proximity
107.49 Preflight familiarization, inspection,
107.51 Operating limitations for small unmanned aircraft.
Subpart C - Remote Pilot Certification
107.53 Applicability.
107.57 Offenses involving alcohol or drugs.
107.59 Refusal to submit to an alcohol test
107.61 Eligibility.
107.63 Issuance of a remote pilot certificate
107.64 Temporary certificate.
107.65 Aeronautical knowledge recency.
107.67 Knowledge tests: General procedures
107.69 Knowledge tests: Cheating or other
107.71 Retesting after failure.
...
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Section 107.3
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 107.3 Definitions.
Section 107.5 Falsification, reproduction or
(a) No person may make or cause to
(b) The commission by any person of
Section 107.7 Inspection, testing, and demonstration of comp...
(a) A remote pilot in command,
(b) The remote pilot in command,
Section 107.9
(a) Serious injury to any person or
(b) Damage to any property, other
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Section 107.23
Subpart B - Operating Rules
Section 107.11 Applicability.
Section 107.12 Requirement for a remote
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, no person may manipulate the flight con...
Section 107.65; or
(b) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, no person may act
(c) The Administrator may, consistent with international sta...
Section 107.13 Registration.
Section 107.15 Condition for safe operation.
(a) No person may operate a civil
(b) No person may continue flight of
Section 107.17
Section 107.19
(a) A remote pilot in command must
(b) The remote pilot in command is
(c) The remote pilot in command
(d) The remote pilot in command
(e) The remote pilot in command
...
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Section 107.25
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) Allow an object to be dropped
Section 107.25 Operation from a moving vehicle or aircraft.
(a) From a moving aircraft; or
(b) From a moving land or waterborne vehicle unless the smal...
Section 107.27 Alcohol or drugs.
91.19 of this chapter.
Section 107.29 Daylight operation.
(a) No person may operate a small
(b) No person may operate a small
(c) For purposes of paragraph (b) of
Section 107.31 Visual line of sight aircraft operation.
(a) With vision that is unaided by
(b) Throughout the entire flight of
Section 107.33
(a) The remote pilot in command, the
(b) The remote pilot in command
(c) The remote pilot in command, the
Section 107.35 Operation of multiple small
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...
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Section 107.51
Section 107.36 Carriage of hazardous material.
Section 107.37 Operation near aircraft; rightof-way rules.
(a) Each small unmanned aircraft
(b) No person may operate a small
Section 107.39
(a) Directly participating in the operation of the small unm...
(b) Located under a covered structure
Section 107.41
Section 107.43 Operation in the vicinity of
Section 107.45 Operation in prohibited or restricted areas.
Section 107.47 Flight restrictions in the proximity of certa...
Section 107.49 Preflight familiarization, inspection, and ac...
(a) Assess the operating environment, considering risks to p...
(b) Ensure that all persons directly
(c) Ensure that all control links between ground control sta...
(d) If the small unmanned aircraft is
(e) Ensure that any object attached
Section 107.51 Operating
(a) The groundspeed of the small unmanned aircraft may not e...
(b) The altitude of the small unmanned aircraft cannot be hi...
...
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Section 107.53
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
400 feet above ground level, unless the
(c) The minimum flight visibility, as
(d) The minimum distance of the
Subpart C - Remote Pilot
Section 107.53 Applicability.
Section 107.57 Offenses involving alcohol or
(a) A conviction for the violation of
(b) Committing an act prohibited by
Section 91.17(a) or Section 91.19(a) of this chapter is
Section 107.59 Refusal to submit to an alcohol test or to fu...
Section 91.17(c) or (d) of this chapter, is
(a) Denial of an application for a remote pilot certificate ...
(b) Suspension or revocation of a remote pilot certificate w...
Section 107.61
(a) Be at least 16 years of age;
(b) Be able to read, speak, write, and
(c) Not know or have reason to know
(d) Demonstrate aeronautical knowledge by satisfying one of ...
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...
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Section 107.69
Section 107.63 Issuance of a remote pilot certificate with a...
(a) The application must include either:
(b) If the application is being made
Section 61.56 of this chapter.
Section 107.64 Temporary certificate.
(a) A temporary remote pilot certificate with a small UAS ra...
(b) A temporary remote pilot certificate with a small UAS ra...
Section 107.65 Aeronautical
(a) Passed an initial aeronautical
(b) Passed a recurrent aeronautical
(c) If a person holds a pilot certificate (other than a stud...
Section 107.67 Knowledge tests: General procedures and passi...
(a) Knowledge tests prescribed by or
(b) An applicant for a knowledge test
(c) The minimum passing grade for
Section 107.69 Knowledge tests: Cheating or
(a) An applicant for a knowledge test
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Section 107.71
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) An applicant who the Administrator finds has committed a...
(c) Any certificate or rating held by
Section 107.71
Section 107.73 Initial and recurrent knowledge tests.
(a) An initial aeronautical knowledge
(b) A recurrent aeronautical knowledge test covers the follo...
Section 107.74 Initial and recurrent training
(a) An initial training course covers
(b) A recurrent training course covers the following areas o...
Section 107.77 Change of name or address.
(a) Change of name. An application to
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Section 107.205
(b) The documents in paragraph (a) of
(c) Change of address. The holder of a
Section 107.79 Voluntary surrender of certificate.
(a) The holder of a certificate issued
(b) Any request made under paragraph (a) of this section mus...
Subpart D - Waivers
Section 107.200 Waiver policy and requirements.
(a) The Administrator may issue a
(b) A request for a certificate of waiver must contain a com...
(c) The Administrator may prescribe
(d) A person who receives a certificate of waiver issued und...
Section 107.205 List of regulations subject to
(a) Section 107.25 - Operation from a
(b) Section 107.29 - Daylight operation.
(c) Section 107.31 - Visual line of sight
(d) Section 107.33 - Visual observer.
(e) Section 107.35 - Operation of multiple small unmanned ai...
(f) Section 107.37(a) - Yielding the
(g) Section 107.39 - Operation over
(h) Section 107.41 - Operation in certain airspace.
...