14CFR vol1 part29 - 120 pages

Page 1 - pdf   html   txt
2007]
PART 29 - AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY
29.231
29.235
29.239
29.241
29.251
Subpart A - General
Subpart C - Strength Requirements
29.1 Applicability.
29.2 Special retroactive requirements.
29.301
29.303
29.305
29.307
29.309
Subpart B - Flight
29.21 Proof of compliance.
29.25 Weight limits.
29.27 Center of gravity limits.
29.29 Empty weight and corresponding center of gravity.
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
29.561 General.
29.562 Emergency landing dynamic conditions.
29.563 Structural ditching provisions.
29.751
29.753
29.755
29.757
29.571 Fatigue tolerance evaluation of metallic structure.
29.573 Damage tolerance and fatigue evaluation of composite ...
29.771 Pilot compartment.
29.773 Pilot compartment view.
29.775 Windshields and windows.
29.777 Cockpit controls.
29.779 Motion and effect of cockpit controls.
29.783 Doors.
29.785 Seats, berths, litters, safety belts,
29.787 Cargo and baggage compartments.
29.801 Ditching.
29.803 Emergency evacuation.
29.805 Flight crew emergency exits.
...
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29.952 Fuel system crash resistance.
29.953 Fuel system independence.
29.954 Fuel system lightning protection.
29.955 Fuel flow.
29.957 Flow between interconnected tanks.
29.959 Unusable fuel supply.
29.961 Fuel system hot weather operation.
29.963 Fuel tanks: general.
29.965 Fuel tank tests.
29.967 Fuel tank installation.
29.969 Fuel tank expansion space.
29.971 Fuel tank sump.
29.973 Fuel tank filler connection.
29.975 Fuel tank vents and carburetor vapor
29.977 Fuel tank outlet.
29.979 Pressure refueling and fueling provisions below fuel ...
29.991
29.993
29.995
29.997
29.999
...
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Section 29.1
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
29.1383 Landing lights.
29.1385 Position light system installation.
29.1387 Position light system dihedral angles.
29.1389 Position light distribution and intensities.
29.1391 Minimum intensities in the horizontal plane of forwa...
29.1393 Minimum intensities in any vertical
29.1395 Maximum intensities in overlapping
29.1397 Color specifications.
29.1399 Riding light.
29.1401 Anticollision light system.
29.1411 General.
29.1413 Safety belts: passenger warning device.
29.1415 Ditching equipment.
29.1419 Ice protection.
29.1431 Electronic equipment.
29.1433 Vacuum systems.
29.1435 Hydraulic systems.
29.1439 Protective breathing equipment.
29.1457 Cockpit voice recorders.
...
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Section 29.25
(f) Rotorcraft with a maximum
(g) Each person who applies under
1996; 61 FR 33963, July 1, 1996]
Section 29.2 Special
(a) Each occupant-s seat must have a
(b) Each occupant must be protected
(c) The safety belt and shoulder harness must meet the stati...
(d) For purposes of this section, the
Subpart B - Flight
Section 29.21
(a) By tests upon a rotorcraft of the
(b) By systematic investigation of
1984]
Section 29.25
(a) Maximum weight. The maximum
Section 29.143(c) and may include other demonstrated wind ve...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.27
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) Minimum weight. The minimum
(c) Total weight with jettisonable external load. A total we...
1976; Amdt. 29-43, 64 FR 43020, Aug. 6, 1999;
Section 29.27 Center of gravity limits.
(a) The extremes selected by the applicant;
(b) The extremes within which the
(c) The extremes within which compliance with the applicable...
Section 29.29 Empty
(a) The empty weight and corresponding center of gravity mus...
(i) Oil;
(b) The condition of the rotorcraft at
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c) of the
1655(c)))
1978]
Section 29.31
Section 29.33 Main rotor speed and pitch limits.
(a) Main rotor speed limits. A range of
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.45
(b) Normal main rotor high pitch limit
(c) Normal main rotor low pitch limit
(d) Emergency high pitch. If the main
(e) Main rotor low speed warning for
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c) of the
1655(c)))
1968; Amdt. 29-15, 43 FR 2326, Jan. 16, 1978]
Section 29.45
(a) The performance prescribed in
(b) Compliance with the performance
(c) The available power must correspond to engine power, not...
(d) For reciprocating engine-powered
(e) For turbine engine-powered rotorcraft, the performance, ...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.49
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(f) For turbine-engine-power rotorcraft, a means must be pro...
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1978; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 44436, Nov. 6, 1984]
Section 29.49 Performance at minimum operating speed.
(a) For each Category A helicopter,
(b) For each Category B helicopter,
(c) For each helicopter, the out-ofground effect hovering pe...
(d) For rotorcraft other than helicopters, the steady rate o...
Section 29.51
(a) The takeoff data required by
29.63, and 29.67 must be determined - 
(b) Takeoff data must - 
(c) No takeoff made to determine the
1996]
Section 29.53
(a) Return to, and stop safely on, the
(b)
Section 29.67(a)(2).
Section 29.55 Takeoff decision point (TDP):
...
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Section 29.61
(c) Determination of the TDP must
(e) Takeoff distance will be determined in accordance with S...
29-44, 64 FR 45337, Aug. 19, 1999]
Section 29.59 Takeoff path: Category A.
(a) The takeoff path extends from the
Section 29.67(a)(2) is shown. In addition - 
(b) During the takeoff path determination made in accordance...
(c) During the continued takeoff, the
(d) From 200 feet above the takeoff
1,000 feet above the takeoff surface is
Section 29.60 Elevated heliport takeoff path:
(a) The elevated heliport takeoff path
Section 29.67(a)(2) is shown. In addition - 
(b) The scheduled takeoff weight
(c) Takeoff distance will be determined in accordance with S...
Section 29.61 Takeoff distance: Category A.
(a) The normal takeoff distance is
(b) For elevated heliports, the takeoff distance is the hori...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.62
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.62 Rejected takeoff: Category A.
(a) The takeoff path requirements of
(b) The remaining engines operating
(c) The landing gear remaining extended throughout the entir...
(d) The use of only the primary controls until the rotorcraf...
1999]
Section 29.63 Takeoff: Category B.
(a) The takeoff surface is defined;
(b) Adequate safeguards are maintained to ensure proper cent...
(c) A landing can be made safely at
1976]
Section 29.64 Climb: General.
Section 29.65
(a) The steady rate of climb must be
(b) For each Category B rotorcraft
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1978; Amdt. 29-39, 61 FR 21900, May 10, 1996; 61
Section 29.67 Climb: One engine inoperative
(a) For Category A rotorcraft, in the
...
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Section 29.79
(i) The critical engine inoperative
30-minute OEI power for rotorcraft for
(i) The critical engine inoperative
30-minute OEI power for rotorcraft for
(b) For multiengine Category B
29-44, 64 FR 45337, Aug. 19, 1999; 64 FR 47563,
Section 29.71 Helicopter angle of glide: Category B.
(a) At the forward speed for minimum rate of descent as sele...
(b) At the forward speed for best glide
(c) At maximum weight; and
(d) At the rotor speed or speeds selected by the applicant.
Section 29.75
(a) For each rotorcraft - 
(b) The landing data required by
Section 29.77 Landing Decision Point (LDP):
(a) The LDP is the last point in the
(b) Determination of the LDP must
Section 29.79
(a) For Category A rotorcraft - 
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.81
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.87.
(b) It must be possible to make a safe
Section 29.81
Section 29.83
(a) For each Category B rotorcraft,
(b) Each multiengined Category B
(c) It must be possible to make a safe
Section 29.85
(a) The transition from each stage of
(b) From the LDP on the approach
(c) The rotorcraft does not descend
Section 29.87
(a) If there is any combination of
(b) For single-engine or multiengine
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Section 29.143
Section 29.141 General.
(a) Except as specifically required in
(b) Be able to maintain any required
(c) Have any additional characteristics required for night o...
1968; Amdt. 29-12, 41 FR 55471, Dec. 20, 1976;
29-24, 49 FR 44436, Nov. 6, 1984]
Section 29.143 Controllability and maneuverability.
(a) The rotorcraft must be safely controllable and maneuvera...
(i) Takeoff;
(v) Autorotation; and
(b) The margin of cyclic control must
(c) Wind velocities from zero to at
(d) Wind velocities from zero to at
(e) The rotorcraft, after (1) failure of
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.151
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) For the cruise condition, one second, or normal pilot re...
(f) For helicopters for which a VNE
Section 29.1505(c), compliance must be demonstrated with the...
r.p.m.:
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c) of the
1655(c)))
1968; Amdt. 29-15, 43 FR 2326, Jan. 16, 1978;
29-51, 73 FR 11001, Feb. 29, 2008]
Section 29.151
(a) Longitudinal, lateral, directional,
(b) Control system forces and free
Section 29.161
(a) Must trim any steady longitudinal, lateral, and collecti...
(b) May not introduce any undesirable discontinuities in con...
1984]
Section 29.171 Stability: general.
Section 29.173 Static longitudinal stability.
(a) The longitudinal control must be
(b) Throughout the full range of altitude for which certific...
...
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Section 29.241
(c) VNE. Static longitudinal stability
10 kt.
(d) Autorotation. Static longitudinal
(i) Critical weight;
(i) Critical weight;
(b) Sufficient cues must accompany
(c) During the maneuver specified in
Section 29.181 Dynamic stability: Category A
Section 29.231
Section 29.177
Section 29.235
(a) The directional controls must operate in such a manner t...
15 knots less than the speed for minimum rate of descent var...
Section 29.239
Section 29.241
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Section 29.251
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.251 Vibration.
Subpart C - Strength Requirements
Section 29.301 Loads.
(a) Strength requirements are specified in terms of limit lo...
(b) Unless otherwise provided, the
(c) If deflections under load would
Section 29.303 Factor of safety.
Section 29.305 Strength and deformation.
(a) The structure must be able to
(b) The structure must be able to
Section 29.307 Proof of structure.
(a) Compliance with the strength and
(b) Proof of compliance with the
1425)
1968; Amdt. 27-26, 55 FR 8001, Mar. 6, 1990]
Section 29.309
(a) The design maximum and design
(b) The main rotor r.p.m. ranges,
(c) The maximum forward speeds for
...
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Section 29.351
Section 29.321 General.
(a) The flight load factor must be assumed to act normal to ...
(b) Compliance with the flight load
Section 29.337 Limit maneuvering load factor.
(a) A limit maneuvering load factor
(b) Any positive limit maneuvering
Section 29.339 Resultant limit maneuvering
Section 29.341 Gust loads.
Section 29.351 Yawing conditions.
(a) Each rotorcraft must be designed
(b) To produce the load required in
(c) To produce the load required in
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
1990]
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Section 29.361
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1997]
Section 29.361 Engine torque.
(a) For turbine engines, the highest
(b) For reciprocating engines, the
Section 29.391 General.
29.427.
1997]
Section 29.395 Control system.
(a) The reaction to the loads prescribed in Section 29.397 m...
(b) Each primary control system, including its supporting st...
1990]
Section 29.397
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, the limit pilot
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.473
(b) For flap, tab, stabilizer, rotor
2001]
Section 29.399
(a) In opposition; and
(b) In the same direction.
Section 29.411 Ground clearance: tail rotor
(a) It must be impossible for the tail
(b) If a tail rotor guard is required to
Section 29.427
(a) Horizontal tail surfaces and their
(b) To meet the design criteria of
(c) For empennage arrangements
21, 1990]
Section 29.471
(a) Loads and equilibrium. For limit
(b) Critical centers of gravity. The critical centers of gra...
Section 29.473 Ground loading
(a) For specified landing conditions,
(b) Unless otherwise prescribed, for
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.475
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.725.
(c) Triggering or actuating devices
Section 29.475
Section 29.477
Section 29.479
(a) Attitudes. Under each of the loading conditions prescrib...
(b) of this section, the rotorcraft is assumed to be in each...
(b) Loading conditions. The rotorcraft
Section 29.471.
(i) The ground speed for determination of the spin-up loads ...
75 percent of the optimum forward
40:60.
(c) Pitching moments. Pitching moments are assumed to be res...
Section 29.481
(a) The rotorcraft is assumed to be in
(b) In this attitude, ground loads are
Section 29.483
(a) The vertical load must be the
(b) The unbalanced external loads
...
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Section 29.497
(i) For the aft wheels, the side loads
Section 29.493 Braked roll conditions.
(a) The limit vertical load must be
Section 29.479(a)(1); and
Section 29.479(a)(2); and
(b) The structure must be designed to
Section 29.497 Ground loading conditions:
(a) General. Rotorcraft with landing
(b) Level landing attitude with only the
(c) Level landing attitude with all
(b) of this section.
(d) Maximum nose-up attitude with
(e) Level landing attitude with only one
(f) Side loads in the level landing attitude. In the attitud...
(b) and (c) of this section. In this condition, the side loa...
(i) For the forward wheels, 0.8 times
(f)(1) of this section must be applied - 
(i) At the ground contact point with
(g) Braked roll conditions in the level
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.501
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) 1.0, for the attitude specified in
(i) 0.8 times the vertical load; and
(h) Rear wheel turning loads in the
(h)(1) of this section must be applied to
(i) Through the axle, if there is a
(i) Taxiing condition. The rotorcraft
Section 29.501 Ground loading conditions:
(a) General. Rotorcraft with landing
29.475.
(i) A drop height of 1.5 times that
(i) The gear in its most critically deflected position for t...
(b) Vertical reactions in the level landing attitude. In the...
(c) Drag reactions in the level landing
(d) Sideloads in the level landing attitude. In the level at...
(i) Equal to the vertical loads obtained in the condition sp...
(i) Inward acting sideloads; and
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.519
(e) One-skid landing loads in the level
(f) Special conditions. In addition to
(b) and (c) of this section, the rotorcraft must be designed...
(i) Equal to 1.33 times the maximum
(i) Applied only to the skid tube and
1990]
Section 29.505 Ski landing conditions.
(a) Up-load conditions in which - 
(b) A side load condition in which a
(c) A torque-load condition in which
Section 29.511 Ground load: unsymmetrical
(a) In dual-wheel gear units, 60 percent of the total ground...
(b) To provide for the case of one deflated tire, 60 percent...
(c) In determining the total load on a
Section 29.519 Hull type rotorcraft: Waterbased and amphibia...
(a) General. For hull type rotorcraft,
(b) Vertical landing conditions. The
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.521
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Forward speed landing conditions.
(d) Auxiliary float immersion condition.
Section 29.521 Float landing conditions.
(a) Up-load conditions in which - 
(b) A side load condition in which - 
Section 29.547
(a) A rotor is an assembly of rotating
(b) Each rotor assembly must be designed as prescribed in th...
(c) The rotor structure must be designed to withstand the fo...
29.351:
(d) The rotor structure must be designed to withstand loads ...
(e) The rotor structure must be designed to withstand the li...
(i) The maximum torque likely to be
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.561
1425)
1968; Amdt. 29-40, 61 FR 21907, May 10, 1996]
Section 29.549 Fuselage and rotor pylon
(a) Each fuselage and rotor pylon
29.493, 29.497, 29.505, and 29.521; and
(d)(1) and (e)(1)(i).
(b) Auxiliary rotor thrust, the torque
(c) Each engine mount and adjacent
(d) [Reserved]
(e) If approval for the use of 21-2minute OEI power is reque...
21-2-minute OEI power combined with 1g
1425)
1968; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34215, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.551 Auxiliary lifting surfaces.
(a) The critical flight loads in SectionSection 29.337
(b) the applicable ground loads in
29.505, and 29.521; and
(c) Any other critical condition expected in normal operatio...
Section 29.561
(a) The rotorcraft, although it may
...
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Section 29.562
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.562 Emergency landing dynamic
(a) The rotorcraft, although it may
(b) Each seat type design or other
170-pound
10Section lateral roll, with the directions optional, to acc...
(c) Compliance with the following
2.5
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
1989; Amdt. 29-38, 61 FR 10438, Mar. 13, 1996]
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Section 29.571
(d) An alternate approach that
1997]
Section 29.563 Structural
(a) Forward speed landing conditions.
(b) Auxiliary or emergency float conditions - (1) Floats fix...
Section 29.801(d). Maximum roll and pitch angles determined ...
Section 29.801(d) may be used, if significant, to
Section 29.571 Fatigue Tolerance Evaluation
(a) A fatigue tolerance evaluation of
(b) For the purposes of this section,
(c) The methodology used to establish compliance with this s...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.573
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) Considering all rotorcraft structure, structural element...
(e) Each fatigue tolerance evaluation
(f) A residual strength determination
(g) The effect of damage on stiffness,
(h) Based on the requirements of this
(i) If inspections for any of the damage types identified in...
75442, Dec. 2, 2011]
Section 29.573 Damage Tolerance and Fatigue Evaluation of Co...
(a) Each applicant must evaluate the
(b) The methodology used to establish compliance with this s...
(c) Definitions:
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Section 29.573
(d) Damage Tolerance Evaluation:
(i) The identification of all PSEs;
(v) An assessment of the residual
(i) Replacement times for PSEs must
(d)(1)(iv) of this section;
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.601
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) Fatigue Evaluation: If an applicant establishes that the...
(d) of this section is impractical within
74664, Dec. 1, 2011]
Section 29.603
Section 29.601 Design.
(a) The rotorcraft may have no design features or details th...
(b) The suitability of each questionable design detail and p...
Section 29.602 Critical parts.
(a) Critical part. A critical part is a
(a) Be established on the basis of experience or tests;
(b) Meet approved specifications that
(c) Take into account the effects of
1421, 1423, 1424), and sec. 6(c), Dept. of Transportation Ac...
1976; Amdt. 29-17, 43 FR 50599, Oct. 30, 1978]
Section 29.605
Subpart D - Design and
(b) If the type design includes critical
(a) The methods of fabrication used
(b) Each new aircraft fabrication
...
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Section 29.613
Section 29.607 Fasteners.
(a) Each removable bolt, screw, nut,
(b) No self-locking nut may be used
Section 29.609 Protection of structure.
(a) Be suitably protected against deterioration or loss of s...
(b) Have provisions for ventilation
Section 29.610 Lightning and static electricity protection.
(a) The rotorcraft structure must be
(b) For metallic components, compliance with paragraph (a) o...
(c) For nonmetallic components,
(d) The electric bonding and protection against lightning an...
29-40, 61 FR 21907, May 10, 1996; 61 FR 33963,
2011]
Section 29.611 Inspection provisions.
(a) Recurring inspection;
(b) Adjustment for proper alignment
(c) Lubrication.
Section 29.613 Material strength properties
(a) Material strength properties must
(b) Design values must be chosen to
...
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Section 29.619
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) Other design values may be used if
1978; Amdt. 29-30, 55 FR 8003, Mar. 6, 1990]
Section 29.619 Special factors.
(a) The special factors prescribed in
(i) Uncertainties in manufacturing
(b) For each part of the rotorcraft to
Section 29.621 Casting factors.
(a) General. The factors, tests, and inspections specified i...
(b) Bearing stresses and surfaces. The
(c) and (d) of this section - 
(c) Critical castings. For each casting
(i) Have a casting factor of not less
(i) The strength requirements of
Section 29.305 at an ultimate load corresponding to a castin...
Section 29.305 at a load of 1.15 times the limit
(d) Noncritical castings. For each casting other than those ...
(d)(2) and (3) of this section, the casting
2.0 or greater ...............
100 percent visual.
...
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Section 29.653
1.25 through 1.50 ........
100 percent visual, and magnetic
(i) A casting factor of 1.0 may be
1.50 -  and tested under paragraph (c)(2)
1997]
Section 29.623
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, each part that has
(b) No bearing factor need be used on
Section 29.625
(a) For each fitting whose strength is
(b) No fitting factor need be used - 
(c) For each integral fitting, the part
(d) Each seat, berth, litter, safety
Section 29.561(b)(3) multiplied by a fitting factor of 1.33.
1998]
Section 29.629 Flutter and divergence.
Section 29.631 Bird strike.
Section 29.653 Pressure venting and drainage of rotor blades...
(a) For each rotor blade - 
...
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Section 29.659
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) Paragraphs (a)(1) and (2) of this
Section 29.659
(a) The rotor and blades must be
(b) The structural integrity of the
Section 29.661
Section 29.663 Ground resonance prevention
(a) The reliability of the means for
(b) The probable range of variations,
Section 29.671 General.
(a) Each control and control system
(b) Each element of each flight control system must be desig...
(c) A means must be provided to
1984]
Section 29.672 Stability augmentation, automatic, and power-...
(a) A warning which is clearly distinguishable to the pilot ...
(b) The design of the stability augmentation system or of an...
(c) It must be show that after any
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...
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Section 29.685
Section 29.673 Primary flight controls.
Section 29.674 Interconnected controls.
Section 29.675 Stops.
(a) Each control system must have
(b) Each stop must be located in the
(c) Each stop must be able to withstand the loads correspond...
(d) For each main rotor blade - 
1978]
Section 29.679 Control system locks.
(a) Automatically disengage the lock
(b) Prevent the lock from engaging in
Section 29.681
(a) Compliance with the limit load
(b) Compliance must be shown (by
Section 29.683
(a) Jamming;
(b) Excessive friction; and
(c) Excessive deflection.
Section 29.685
(a) Each detail of each control system must be designed to p...
...
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Section 29.687
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) Control system joints subject to
(f) For control system joints, the
1976]
Section 29.687
(a) Each control system spring device
(b) Compliance with paragraph (a) of
Section 29.691 Autorotation control mechanism.
Section 29.695 Power boost and power-operated control system...
(a) If a power boost or power-operated control system is use...
(b) Each alternate system may be a
(c) The failure of mechanical parts
Section 29.723 Shock absorption tests.
Section 29.725 Limit drop test.
(a) The drop height must be at least
8 inches.
(b) If considered, the rotor lift specified in Section 29.47...
(c) Each landing gear unit must be
(d) When an effective mass is used in
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...
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Section 29.729
0.25g forward.
Section 29.727 Reserve energy absorption
(a) The drop height must be 1.5 times
(b) Rotor lift, where considered in a
Section 29.725(b), may not exceed 1.5 times the
1990]
Section 29.729 Retracting mechanism.
(a) Loads. The landing gear, retracting mechanism, wheel wel...
(b) Landing gear lock. A positive
(c) Emergency operation. When other
(d) Operation tests. The proper functioning of the retractin...
(e) Position indicator. There must be
(f) Control. The location and operation of the retraction co...
29.779.
(g) Landing gear warning. An aural or
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
1968]
(c) The landing gear must withstand
...
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Section 29.731
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1984]
Section 29.731 Wheels.
(a) Each landing gear wheel must be
(b) The maximum static load rating
(c) The maximum limit load rating of
Section 29.733 Tires.
(a) That is a proper fit on the rim of
(b) Of a rating that is not exceeded
(c) Each tire installed on a retractable landing gear system...
1976]
Section 29.735
(a) Controllable by the pilot;
(b) Usable during power-off landings;
(c) Adequate to - 
10-degree slope on a dry, smooth pavement.
1984]
Section 29.737
(a) The maximum limit load rating of
(b) There must be a stabilizing means
...
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Section 29.773
Section 29.753 Main float design.
(a) Bag floats. Each bag float must be
Section 29.521(a), distributed along the length
(b) Rigid floats. Each rigid float must
Section 29.521. An appropriate load distribution under criti...
Section 29.755 Hull buoyancy.
1990]
Section 29.757 Hull
Section 29.771 Pilot compartment.
(a) The compartment and its equipment must allow each pilot ...
(b) If there is provision for a second
(c) The vibration and noise characteristics of cockpit appur...
(d) Inflight leakage of rain or snow
1968; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 44437, Nov. 6, 1984]
Section 29.773 Pilot compartment view.
(a) Nonprecipitation conditions. For
(b) Precipitation conditions. For precipitation conditions, ...
(i) In heavy rain at forward speeds up
(i) Is openable under the conditions
(c) Vision systems with transparent displays. A vision syste...
...
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Section 29.775
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1968; Docket FAA-2013-0485, Amdt. 29-56, 81
Section 29.775
Section 29.777
(a) Located to provide convenient operation and to prevent c...
(b) Located and arranged with respect to the pilot-s seats s...
Section 29.779 Motion and effect of cockpit
(a) Flight controls, including the collective pitch control,...
(b) Twist-grip engine power controls
(c) Normal landing gear controls
Section 29.783 Doors.
(a) Each closed cabin must have at
(b) Each external door must be located, and appropriate oper...
(c) There must be means for locking
(d) There must be reasonable provisions to prevent the jammi...
(e) There must be means for direct
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Section 29.785
(f) For outward opening external
(g) If an integral stair is installed in
(h) Nonjettisonable doors used as
11, 1980; Amdt. 29-29, 54 FR 47320, Nov. 13,
1989; Amdt. 27-26, 55 FR 8003, Mar. 6, 1990;
Section 29.785 Seats, berths, litters, safety
(a) Each seat, safety belt, harness,
Section 29.562.
(b) Each occupant must be protected
(c) Each occupant-s seat must have a
(d) If seat backs do not have a firm
(e) Each projecting object that would
(f) Each seat and its supporting
Section 29.561(b) must be multiplied by a factor of 1.33 in ...
(i) Each seat to the structure; and
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.787
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(g) When the safety belt and shoulder
(h) When a headrest is used, the headrest and its supporting...
(i) Each seating device system includes the device such as t...
(j) Each seating device system may
(k) For purposes of this section, a litter is defined as a d...
1984; Amdt. 29-29, 54 FR 47320, Nov. 13, 1989;
Section 29.787 Cargo and baggage compartments.
(a) Each cargo and baggage compartment must be designed for ...
Section 29.561.
(b) There must be means to prevent
(c) Under the emergency landing conditions of Section 29.561...
Section 29.561, including the means of restraint and their a...
(d) If cargo compartment lamps are
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.805
1976; Amdt. 29-31, 55 FR 38966, Sept. 21, 1990]
Section 29.801
(a) If certification with ditching provisions is requested, ...
29.1415.
(b) Each practicable design measure,
(c) The probable behavior of the
(d) It must be shown that, under reasonably probable water c...
(e) Unless the effects of the collapse
Section 29.803 Emergency evacuation.
(a) Each crew and passenger area
(b) Passenger entrance, crew, and
(c) [Reserved]
(d) Except as provided in paragraph
(e) of this section, the following categories of rotorcraft ...
(i) Ten or more passengers per passenger exit as determined ...
Section 29.807(b).
Section 29.815, for each row of passenger seats.
(e) A combination of analysis and
1968; Amdt. 27-26, 55 FR 8004, Mar. 6, 1990]
Section 29.805 Flight crew emergency exits.
...
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Section 29.807
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Each exit must not be obstructed
1990]
Section 29.807 Passenger emergency exits.
(a) Type. For the purpose of this part,
(i) The opening must be at least 20
(b) Passenger emergency exits; side-offuselage. Emergency ex...
1 through 10 ............
11 through 19 ..........
20 through 39 ..........
1 or
40 through 59 ..........
60 through 79 ..........
1 or
...
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Section 29.809
Section 29.813.
(f) Tests. The proper functioning of
1976; Amdt. 27-26, 55 FR 8004, Mar. 6, 1990]
Section 29.809 Emergency exit arrangement.
(a) Each emergency exit must consist
(b) Each emergency exit must be
(c) The means of opening each emergency exit must be simple ...
(d) There must be means for locking
(e) There must be means to minimize
Section 29.783(d).
(f) Except as provided in paragraph
(h) of this section, each land-based
(g) The slide for each passenger emergency exit must be a se...
(h) For rotorcraft having 30 or fewer
Section 29.803(d) or (e).
(i) If a rope, with its attachment, is
(g), or (h) of this section, it must - 
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Section 29.811
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1989; Amdt. 27-26, 55 FR 8004, Mar. 6, 1990]
Section 29.811
(a) Each passenger emergency exit,
(b) The identity and location of each
(c) The location of each passenger
(d) Each passenger emergency exit
(e) The location of each passenger
(i) A red arrow, with a shaft at least
(f) Each emergency exit, and its
(g) Exits marked as such, though in
1984; Amdt. 27-26, 55 FR 8004, Mar. 6, 1990;
Section 29.812
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Section 29.813
(a) A source of light with its power
(b) Exterior emergency lighting must
0.05 foot-candle (measured normal to
(c) Each light required by paragraph
(a) or (b) of this section must be operable manually from th...
(d) Any means required to assist the
(i) Must automatically be activated
(e) The energy supply to each emergency lighting unit must p...
(f) If storage batteries are used as the
Section 29.813
(a) Each passageway between passenger compartments, and each...
(b) For each emergency exit covered
(c) There must be access from each
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.815
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1976]
Section 29.815 Main aisle width.
25 inches
10 or less ...................................
11 through 19 ............................
20 or more .................................
25 Inches
1 A narrower width not less than 9 inches may be approved
1976]
Section 29.831 Ventilation.
(a) Each passenger and crew compartment must be ventilated, ...
(b) Crew and passenger compartment
(c) The concentration of carbon monoxide may not exceed one ...
...
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Section 29.855
(a)(3) of this section, must be self extinguishing when test...
(a)(3) of this section may not have a
(b) In addition to meeting the requirements of paragraph (a)...
(c) If smoking is to be prohibited,
(i) When illuminated, be legible to
(d) Each receptacle for towels, paper,
(e) There must be a hand fire extinguisher for the flight cr...
(f) At least the following number of
7 through 30 ..................................................
31 through 60 .................................................
61 or more ....................................................
1968; Amdt. 29-17, 43 FR 50600, Oct. 30, 1978;
29-23, 49 FR 43200, Oct. 26, 1984]
Section 29.855 Cargo and baggage compartments.
(a) Each cargo and baggage compartment must be construced of...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.859
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) The presence of a compartment
(b) No compartment may contain any
(c) The design and sealing of inaccessible compartments must...
(d) Each cargo and baggage compartment that is not sealed so...
(e) For rotorcraft used for the carriage of cargo only, the ...
1968; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 44438, Nov. 6, 1984;
Section 29.859 Combustion heater fire protection.
(a) Combustion heater fire zones. The
29.1203:
(i) Be damaged by heater malfunctioning; or
(i) Surrounds the combustion chamber; and
(b) Ventilating air ducts. Each ventilating air duct passing...
(c) Combustion air ducts. Each combustion air duct must be f...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.861
(d) Heater controls; general. There
(e) Heater safety controls. For each
(i) The heat exchanger temperature
(i) Be independent of components
(f) Air intakes. Each combustion and
(g) Heater exhaust. Each heater exhaust system must meet the...
(h) Heater fuel systems. Each heater
(i) Drains. There must be means for
1967]
Section 29.861 Fire protection of structure,
(a) For category A rotorcraft, fireproof; and
(b) For Category B rotorcraft, fireproof or protected so tha...
1990]
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Section 29.863
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.863 Flammable fluid fire protection.
(a) In each area where flammable
(b) Compliance with paragraph (a) of
(c) If action by the flight crew is required to prevent or c...
(d) Each area where flammable fluids
Section 29.865 External loads.
(a) It must be shown by analysis,
30Section. However, the 30Section angle may be reduced to a ...
(b) The external load attaching
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Section 29.901
(i) Be reliable, durable, and function
(c) For rotorcraft-load combinations
(i) Provides a dual actuation device
(d) The critically configured jettisonable external loads mu...
(e) A placard or marking must be installed next to the exter...
(f) The fatigue evaluation of Section 29.571
Section 29.571 of this part applies to the entire
1990; Amdt. 29-43, 64 FR 43020, Aug. 6, 1999]
Section 29.871 Leveling marks.
Section 29.873 Ballast provisions.
Subpart E - Powerplant
Section 29.901 Installation.
(a) For the purpose of this part, the
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.903
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) For each powerplant installation - 
(i) The installation instructions provided under Section 33....
(c) For each powerplant and auxiliary
(d) Each auxiliary power unit installation must meet the app...
1968; Amdt. 29-13, 42 FR 15046, Mar. 17, 1977;
29-26, 53 FR 34215, Sept. 2, 1988; Amdt. 29-36,
60 FR 55776, Nov. 2, 1995]
Section 29.903
(a) Engine type certification. Each engine must have an appr...
(b) Category A; engine isolation. For
(c) Category A; control of engine rotation. For each Categor...
(d) Turbine engine installation. For
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.917
(e) Restart capability. (1) A means to
(i) The highest rotational speeds
(c) Fatigue evaluation. Unless a fatigue evaluation under Se...
1988]
1976; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34215, Sept. 2, 1988;
41309, Oct. 10, 1990; Amdt. 29-36, 60 FR 55776,
Section 29.907
(a) Each engine must be installed to
(b) The addition of the rotor and the
Section 29.908
(a) Category A. For cooling fans installed in Category A rot...
(b) Category B. For cooling fans installed in category B rot...
Section 29.917 Design.
(a) General. The rotor drive system
(b) Design assessment. A design assessment must be performed...
(c) Arrangement. Rotor drive systems
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.921
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1976; Amdt. 29-40, 61 FR 21908, May 10, 1996]
Section 29.921 Rotor brake.
Section 29.923 Rotor drive system and control mechanism test...
(a) Endurance tests, general. Each
(b)(3), and (k) of this section. These
(i) Determined by the powerplant
(b) Endurance tests; takeoff run. The
1 hour of alternate runs of 5 minutes at
(i) Each run must consist of at least
(i) Immediately following any one 5minute power-on run requi...
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Section 29.923
(c) Endurance tests; maximum continuous run. Three hours of ...
(d) Endurance tests; 90 percent of maximum continuous run. O...
(e) Endurance tests; 80 percent of maximum continuous run. O...
(f) Endurance tests; 60 percent of maximum continuous run. T...
30-minute OEI power or continuous OEI
(g) Endurance tests; engine malfunctioning run. It must be d...
(h) Endurance tests; overspeed run. One
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Section 29.923
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) Endurance tests; rotor control positions. When the rotor...
10 percent.
(j) Endurance tests, clutch and brake
(k) Endurance tests; OEI power run - 
1 hour.
(l) [Reserved]
(m) Any components that are affected by maneuvering and gust...
(n) Special tests. Each rotor drive system designed to opera...
(o) Each part tested as prescribed in
(p) Endurance tests; operating lubricants. To be approved fo...
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Section 29.927
(p)(1) and (p)(2) of this section must be
1965; Amdt. 29-17, 43 FR 50600, Oct. 30, 1978;
29-31, 55 FR 38967, Sept. 21, 1990; Amdt. 29-34,
59 FR 47768, Sept. 16, 1994; Amdt. 29-40, 61 FR
21908, May 10, 1996; Amdt. 29-42, 63 FR 43285,
Section 29.927
(a) Any additional dynamic, endurance, and operational tests...
(b) If turbine engine torque output to
(i) The maximum torque used in
(c) Lubrication system failure. For lubrication systems requ...
(d) Overspeed test. The rotor drive system must be subjected...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.931
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) The tests prescribed in paragraphs
(b) and (d) of this section must be conducted on the rotorcr...
(f) Each test prescribed by this section must be conducted w...
1978; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34216, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.931
(a) The critical speeds of any shafting
(b) If any critical speed lies within,
(c) If analytical methods are used and
Section 29.935 Shafting joints.
Section 29.939 Turbine
(a) Turbine engine operating characteristics must be investi...
(b) The turbine engine air inlet system may not, as a result...
(c) For governor-controlled engines,
1976]
Section 29.951 General.
(a) Each fuel system must be constructed and arranged to ens...
(b) Each fuel system must be arranged so that - 
(c) Each fuel system for a turbine engine must be capable of...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.952
1974; Amdt. 29-12, 41 FR 55473, Dec. 20, 1976]
Section 29.952 Fuel system crash resistance.
(a) Drop test requirements. Each tank,
50 feet.
(b) Fuel tank load factors. Except for
(i) Upward - 4g.
(i) Upward - 1.5g.
(i) Upward - 1.5g.
(c) Fuel line self-sealing breakaway
(i) The load necessary to separate a
25 to 50 percent of the minimum ultimate failure load (ultim...
(v) No breakaway coupling design
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Section 29.953
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) Frangible or deformable structural
(d)(1) of this section) is applied in the
(e) Separation of fuel and ignition
(f) Other basic mechanical design criteria. Fuel tanks, fuel...
(g) Rigid or semirigid fuel tanks. Rigid
Section 29.953 Fuel system independence.
(a) For category A rotorcraft - 
(b) Each fuel system for a multiengine category B rotorcraft...
Section 29.954 Fuel system lightning protection.
(a) Direct lightning strikes to areas
(b) Swept lightning strokes to areas
(c) Corona and streamering at fuel
Section 29.955 Fuel flow.
(a) General. The fuel system for each
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.963
(b) Fuel transfer system. If normal operation of the fuel sy...
(c) Multiple fuel tanks. If an engine
Section 29.957 Flow between interconnected
(a) Where tank outlets are interconnected and allow fuel to ...
(b) If fuel can be pumped from one
Section 29.959
Section 29.961 Fuel system hot weather operation.
Section 29.963
(a) Each fuel tank must be able to
(b) Each flexible fuel tank bladder or
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.965
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Each integral fuel tank must have
(d) The maximum exposed surface
(e) Each fuel tank installed in personnel compartments must ...
Section 29.952, and must be adequate to withstand loads and ...
1988; Amdt. 29-35, 59 FR 50388, Oct. 3, 1994]
Section 29.965
(a) Each fuel tank must be able to
(b) Each conventional metal tank,
(c) Each nonmetallic tank with walls
p.s.i. on surfaces faces not exposed to
(d) Each tank with large unsupported
(i) If no frequency of vibration resulting from any r.p.m. w...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.973
20 complete cycles per minute through
1977]
Section 29.967 Fuel tank installation.
(a) Each fuel tank must be supported
(i) There are means for protection of
(b) Any spaces adjacent to tank surfaces must be adequately ...
(c) The location of each tank must
(d) No rotorcraft skin immediately
1988; Amdt. 29-35, 59 FR 50388, Oct. 3, 1994]
Section 29.969
Section 29.971
(a) Each fuel tank must have a sump
(b) The capacity prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section...
(c) Each fuel tank must allow drainage of hazardous quantiti...
(d) Each fuel tank sump must have a
1976; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34217, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.973
(a) Each fuel tank filler connection
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.975
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) Each filler cap or filler cap cover
(b) Carburetor vapor vents. Each carburetor with vapor elimi...
1988; Amdt. 29-35, 59 FR 50388, Oct. 3, 1994;
Section 29.975 Fuel tank vents and carburetor vapor vents.
(a) Fuel tank vents. Each fuel tank
(i) Normal flight operation;
(i) Where the discharge of fuel from
Section 29.977 Fuel tank outlet.
(a) There must be a fuel strainer for
(b) The clear area of each fuel tank
(c) The diameter of each strainer
(d) Each finger strainer must be accessible for inspection a...
Section 29.979 Pressure refueling and fueling
(a) Each fueling connection below the
(b) For systems intended for pressure
(c) The rotorcraft pressure fueling
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.997
(d) The rotorcraft defueling system
1976]
Section 29.991 Fuel pumps.
(a) Compliance with Section 29.955 must not
(b) The following fuel pump installation requirements apply:
(i) A connection must be provided to
Section 29.993 Fuel system lines and fittings.
(a) Each fuel line must be installed
(b) Each fuel line connected to components of the rotorcraft...
(c) Each flexible connection in fuel
(d) Flexible hose must be approved.
(e) No flexible hose that might be adversely affected by hig...
Section 29.995
(a) [Reserved]
(b) Be supported so that no loads resulting from their opera...
1977]
Section 29.997
(a) Be accessible for draining and
(b) Have a sediment trap and drain,
(c) Be mounted so that its weight is
...
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Section 29.999
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1984; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34217, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.999 Fuel system drains.
(a) There must be at least one accessible drain at the lowes...
(b) Each drain required by paragraph
(a) of this section including the drains
(i) That is readily accessible and
1976; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34218, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.1001 Fuel jettisoning.
(a) Fuel jettisoning must be safe during all flight regimes ...
(b) In showing compliance with paragraph (a) of this section...
(c) Means must be provided to automatically prevent jettison...
(d) The controls for any fuel jettisoning system must be des...
(e) The fuel jettisoning system must
Section 29.901(c).
(f) An auxiliary fuel jettisoning system which meets the req...
Section 29.1011
(a) Each engine must have an independent oil system that can...
(b) The usable oil capacity of each
(c) Oil-fuel ratios lower than those
...
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Section 29.1019
(b) Expansion space. Oil tank expansion space must be provid...
(c) Filler connections. Each recessed
(d) Vent. Oil tanks must be vented as
(e) Outlet. There must be means to
(f) Flexible liners. Each flexible oil
1974]
Section 29.1015 Oil tank tests.
(a) It can withstand, without failure,
(b) It meets the requirements of
Section 29.965, except that instead of the pressure specifie...
1974]
Section 29.1017 Oil lines and fittings.
(a) Each oil line must meet the requirements of Section 29.9...
(b) Breather lines must be arranged
Section 29.1019 Oil strainer or filter.
(a) Each turbine engine installation
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Section 29.1021
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) Each oil strainer or filter in a
1984; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34218, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.1021
(a) Be accessible; and
(b) Have manual or automatic means
Section 29.1023
(a) Each oil radiator must be able to
(b) Each oil radiator air duct must be
Section 29.1025 Oil valves.
(a) Each oil shutoff must meet the requirements of Section 2...
(b) The closing of oil shutoffs may
(c) Each oil valve must have positive
Section 29.1027 Transmission and gearboxes:
(a) The oil system for components of
(b) Pressure lubrication systems for
29.1337(d). In addition, the system must
(i) Be designed to remove from the
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.1043
(c) Splash type lubrication systems
Section 29.1041
(a) The powerplant and auxiliary
(b) There must be cooling provisions
(c) Except for ground-use-only auxiliary power units, compli...
1988]
Section 29.1043
(a) General. For the tests prescribed
(b) Maximum ambient atmospheric temperature. A maximum ambie...
(c) Correction factor (except cylinder
(d) Correction factor for cylinder barrel
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Section 29.1045
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c) of the
1655(c)))
1976; Amdt. 29-15, 43 FR 2327, Jan. 16, 1978;
Section 29.1045 Climb cooling test procedures.
(a) Climb cooling tests must be conducted under this section...
(b) The climb or descent cooling tests
(c) Each operating engine must - 
(d) After temperatures have stabilized in flight, the climb ...
(i) 1,000 feet below the engine critcal
f.p.m; and
(e) For category B rotorcraft without
(f) The climb or descent must be conducted at an airspeed re...
Section 29.67(a)(2) or Section 29.67(b). The climb cooling t...
Section 29.1047.
1988]
Section 29.1047 Takeoff cooling test procedures.
(a) Category A. For each category A
(i) The power necessary for hovering;
(i) Thirty minutes, if 30-minute OEI
...
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Section 29.1093
(b) Category B. For each category B
(i) The power necessary for hovering;
1965; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34219, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.1049 Hovering cooling test procedures.
(a) At maximum weight or at the
(b) With maximum continuous power,
Section 29.1091 Air induction.
(a) The air induction system for each
(b) Each engine and auxiliary power
(c) No air intake may open within
(d) Each reciprocating engine must
(e) Each alternate air intake must be
(f) For turbine engine powered rotorcraft and rotorcraft inc...
1968; Amdt. 29-17, 43 FR 50601, Oct. 30, 1978]
Section 29.1093 Induction system icing protection.
(a) Reciprocating engines. Each reciprocating engine air ind...
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Section 29.1101
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
60 percent of maximum continuous
(b) Turbine engines. (1) It must be
(i) Without accumulating ice on engine or inlet system compo...
30 minutes on the ground, with the air
(c) Supercharged reciprocating engines.
1976; Amdt. 29-13, 42 FR 15046, Mar. 17, 1977;
29-26, 53 FR 34219, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.1101 Carburetor air preheater design.
(a) Ensure ventilation of the preheater when the engine is o...
(b) Allow inspection of the exhaust
(c) Allow inspection of critical parts
Section 29.1103 Induction systems ducts and
(a) Each induction system duct upstream of the first stage o...
(b) Each duct must be strong enough
(c) Each duct connected to components between which relative...
(d) Each duct within any fire zone for
(e) Each auxiliary power unit induction system duct must be ...
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.1121
(f) Each auxiliary power unit induction system duct must be ...
1978]
Section 29.1105
(a) Each screen must be upstream of
(b) No screen may be in any part of
(c) No screen may be deiced by alcohol alone; and
(d) It must be impossible for fuel to
Section 29.1107
Section 29.1109
Section 29.1121
(a) Each exhaust system must ensure
(b) Each exhaust system part with a
(c) Each component upon which hot
(d) No exhaust gases may discharge
(e) No exhaust gases may discharge
(f) Each exhaust system component
(g) Each exhaust shroud must be ventilated or insulated to a...
(h) If significant traps exist, each
1968; Amdt. 29-13, 42 FR 15046, Mar. 17, 1977]
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...
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Section 29.1123
Section 29.1123
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.1125
(a) Each exhaust heat exchanger
(b) If an exhaust heat exchanger is
(a) Exhaust piping must be heat and
(b) Exhaust piping must be supported
(c) Exhaust piping connected to components between which rel...
1976; Amdt. 29-41, 62 FR 46173, Aug. 29, 1997]
Section 29.1141
(a) Powerplant controls must be located and arranged under S...
(b) Each control must be located so
(c) Each flexible powerplant control
(d) Each control must be able to
(e) Each control must be able to
(f) Controls of powerplant valves required for safety must h...
(i) Is in the fully open or fully closed
1977; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34219, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.1142 Auxiliary
Section 29.1143
...
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Section 29.1163
(b) Power controls must be arranged
(c) Each power control must provide
(d) Each fluid injection control other
(e) If a power control incorporates a
(f) For rotorcraft to be certificated
16, 1994]
Section 29.1145
(a) Ignition switches must control
(b) There must be means to quickly
(c) Each group of ignition switches,
1977]
Section 29.1147
(a) If there are mixture controls,
(b) Each intermediate position of the
Section 29.1151
(a) It must be impossible to apply the
(b) There must be means to warn the
Section 29.1157 Carburetor air temperature
Section 29.1159
(a) The pilots; or
...
Page 78 - pdf   html   txt
Section 29.1165
(d) Unless other means are provided,
1984; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34219, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.1181 Designated fire zones: regions included.
(a) Designated fire zones are - 
(b) Each designated fire zone must
Section 29.1165
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a) Each battery ignition system
(b) The capacity of batteries and generators must be large e...
(c) The design of the engine ignition
(d) Magneto ground wiring (for separate ignition circuits) t...
(e) No ground wire for any engine
(f) Each ignition system must be
(g) There must be means to warn appropriate crewmembers if t...
1976]
1988]
Section 29.1183 Lines, fittings, and components.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) of this section, each line, fitting,
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...
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Section 29.1189
(b) Paragraph (a) of this section does
1967; Amdt. 29-10, 39 FR 35463, Oct. 1, 1974;
Section 29.1185
(a) No tank or reservoir that is part
(b) Each fuel tank must be isolated
(c) There must be at least one-half
(d) Absorbent material close to flammable fluid system compo...
Section 29.1187 Drainage and ventilation of
(a) There must be complete drainage
(b) Each designated fire zone must be
(c) No ventilation opening may be
(d) Ventilation means must be arranged so that no discharged...
(e) For category A rotorcraft, there
Section 29.1189 Shutoff means.
(a) There must be means to shut off
(b) The closing of any fuel shutoff
(c) For category A rotorcraft, no hazardous quantity of flam...
(d) The operation of any shutoff may
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.1191
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) Each shutoff valve and its control
(f) Except for ground-use-only auxiliary power unit installa...
1976; Amdt. 29-22, 49 FR 6850, Feb. 23, 1984;
Section 29.1191
(a) Each engine, including the combustor, turbine, and tailp...
(b) Each auxiliary power unit, combustion heater, and other ...
(c) Each firewall or shroud must be
(d) Each opening in the firewall or
(e) Each firewall and shroud must be
(f) In meeting this section, account
1968]
Section 29.1193 Cowling and engine compartment covering.
(a) Each cowling and engine compartment covering must be con...
(b) Cowling must meet the drainage
Section 29.1187.
(c) On rotorcraft with a diaphragm
(d) Each part of the cowling or engine
(e) Each rotorcraft must - 
(f) A means of retention for each
...
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Section 29.1199
Section 29.1195
(a) Each turbine engine powered
(b) For multiengine powered rotorcraft, the fire extinguishi...
(c) For single engine rotorcraft, the
(d) It must be shown by either actual
1968; Amdt. 29-13, 42 FR 15047, Mar. 17, 1977;
Section 29.1197
(a) Fire extinguishing agents must - 
(b) If any toxic extinguishing agent is
1976; Amdt. 29-13, 42 FR 15047, Mar. 17, 1977]
Section 29.1199 Extinguishing
(a) Each extinguishing agent container must have a pressure ...
(b) The discharge end of each discharge line from a pressure...
(c) There must be a means for each
(d) The temperature of each container must be maintained, un...
1977]
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Section 29.1201
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.1201 Fire
(a) No materials in any fire extinguishing system may react ...
(b) Each system component in an engine compartment must be f...
Section 29.1203
(a) For each turbine engine powered
(b) Each fire detector must be constructed and installed to ...
(c) No fire detector may be affected
(d) There must be means to allow
(e) The writing and other components
(f) No fire detector system component for any fire zone may ...
Subpart F - Equipment
1968]
Section 29.1301 Function and installation.
(a) Be of a kind and design appropriate to its intended func...
(b) Be labeled as to its identification,
(c) Be installed according to limitations specified for that...
(d) Function properly when installed.
Section 29.1303 Flight and navigation instruments.
(a) An airspeed indicator. For Category A rotorcraft with VN...
...
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Section 29.1305
(h) A gyroscopic direction indicator.
(i) A rate-of-climb (vertical speed) indicator.
(j) For Category A rotorcraft, a speed
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1976; Amdt. 29-14, 42 FR 36972, July 18, 1977;
2012, Jan. 12, 2005]
Section 29.1305 Powerplant instruments.
(a) For each rotorcraft - 
(i) Provide a warning to the crew
(a)(14) of this section, indicates rotor
r.p.m. during autorotation.
(i) The r.p.m. of the single main
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Section 29.1307
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.955;
(i) Gas temperature;
30-second/2-minute OEI power, a device
(i) Automatically records each usage
(b) For category A rotorcraft - 
(c) For category B rotorcraft - 
1968; Amdt. 29-10, 39 FR 35463, Oct. 1, 1974;
29-34, 59 FR 47768, Sept. 16, 1994; Amdt. 29-40,
61 FR 21908, May 10, 1996; 61 FR 43952, Aug. 27,
1996]
Section 29.1307
(a) An approved seat for each occupant.
(b) A master switch arrangement for
(c) Hand fire extinguishers.
(d) A windshield wiper or equivalent
(e) A two-way radio communication
Section 29.1309 Equipment, systems, and installations.
(a) The equipment, systems, and installations whose function...
(b) The rotorcraft systems and associated components, consid...
...
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Section 29.1317
(d) Compliance with the requirements of paragraph (b)(2) of ...
(e) For Category A rotorcraft, each
(i) Any one engine, on rotorcraft with
(f) In determining compliance with
(g) In showing compliance with paragraphs (a) and (b) of thi...
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1977; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 44438, Nov. 6, 1984;
29-53, 76 FR 33136, June 8, 2011]
Section 29.1316 Electrical and electronic system lightning p...
(a) Each electrical and electronic
(b) Each electrical and electronic
33136, June 8, 2011]
Section 29.1317 High-intensity
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(d) of this section, each electrical and
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Section 29.1321
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) Each electrical and electronic
(c) Each electrical and electronic system that performs such...
(d) Before December 1, 2012, an electrical or electronic sys...
2007]
Section 29.1321
(a) Each flight, navigation, and powerplant instrument for u...
(b) Each instrument necessary for
(c) Other required powerplant instruments must be closely gr...
(d) Identical powerplant instruments
(e) Each powerplant instrument vital
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.1325
(f) Instrument panel vibration may
(g) If a visual indicator is provided to
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1977; Amdt. 29-21, 48 FR 4391, Jan. 31, 1983]
Section 29.1322 Warning, caution, and advisory lights.
(a) Red, for warning lights (lights indicating a hazard whic...
(b) Amber, for caution lights (lights
(c) Green, for safe operation lights;
(d) Any other color, including white,
(a) through (c) of this section, provided
Section 29.1323
(a) Each airspeed indicating instrument must be calibrated t...
(b) Each system must be calibrated
(i) Consistent realization of the field
(c) For Category A rotorcraft - 
(i) Three percent or 5 knots, whichever is greater, in level...
10 knots below takeoff safety speed to
10 knots above VY.
(d) For Category B rotorcraft, the
(e) Each system must be arranged, so
...
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Section 29.1327
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) Except for the vent into the atmosphere, each system mus...
(e) Each pressure altimeter must be
(f) Each system must be designed and
(g) Except as provided in paragraph
(h) of this section, if the static pressure
(h) For unpressurized rotorcraft,
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1977; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 44439, Nov. 6, 1984]
Section 29.1327
(a) Each magnetic direction indicator
(b) The compensated installation
Section 29.1329 Automatic pilot system.
(a) Each automatic pilot system
(b) Unless there is automatic synchronization, each system m...
(c) Each manually operated control
(d) The system must be designed and
(e) If the automatic pilot integrates
(f) If the automatic pilot system can
1984; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 47594, Dec. 6, 1984;
...
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Section 29.1337
(b) The installation and power supply
1984]
Section 29.1333
(a) Only the required flight instruments for the first pilot...
(b) The equipment, systems, and installations must be design...
(c) Additional instruments, systems,
Section 29.1335 Flight director systems.
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
Section 29.1337 Powerplant instruments.
(a) Instruments and instrument lines.
(i) Have restricting orifices or other
(b) Fuel quantity indicator. There
Section 29.959;
(c) Fuel flowmeter system. If a fuel
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Section 29.1351
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) Oil quantity indicator. There must
(e) Rotor drive system transmissions
Section 29.1305(a)(22); and
1977; Amdt. 29-26, 53 FR 34219, Sept. 2, 1988]
Section 29.1351 General.
(a) Electrical system capacity. The required generating capa...
(b) Generating system. The generating
(c) External power. If provisions are
(d) Operation with the normal electrical power generating sy...
(i) A single malfunction, including a
(i) Unless it can be shown that the
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.1355
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1977; Amdt. 29-40, 61 FR 21908, May 10, 1996;
Section 29.1353 Electrical equipment and installations.
(a) Electrical equipment, controls,
(b) Cables must be grouped, routed,
(c) Storage batteries must be designed and installed as foll...
(i) At maximum regulated voltage or
(i) A system to control the charging
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1977; Amdt. 29-15, 43 FR 2327, Jan. 16, 1978]
Section 29.1355
(a) The distribution system includes
(b) If two independent sources of
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.1357
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1977; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 44439, Nov. 6, 1984]
Section 29.1357 Circuit protective devices.
(a) Automatic protective devices
(b) The protective and control devices in the generating sys...
(c) Each resettable circuit protective
(d) If the ability to reset a circuit
(e) Each essential load must have individual circuit protect...
(f) If fuses are used, there must be
(g) Automatic reset circuit breakers
1984]
Section 29.1359 Electrical system
(a) Components of the electrical system must meet the applic...
(b) Electrical cables, terminals, and
(c) Insulation on electrical wire and
1998]
Section 29.1363
(a) When laboratory tests of the electrical system are condu...
(b) For each flight condition that
...
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Section 29.1389
(c) At least one separate switch must
Section 29.1385 Position light system installation.
(a) General. Each part of each position light system must me...
29.1397.
(b) Forward position lights. Forward
(c) Rear position light. The rear position light must be a w...
(d) Circuit. The two forward position
(e) Light covers and color filters. Each
Section 29.1387 Position light system dihedral angles.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(e) of this section, each forward and
(b) Dihedral angle L (left) is formed
(c) Dihedral angle R (right) is formed
(d) Dihedral angle A (aft) is formed
(e) If the rear position light, when
1971]
Section 29.1389 Position light distribution
(a) General. The intensities prescribed
(b) Forward and rear position lights.
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.1391
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.1391 for the corresponding angles in
29.1393 if the overlap intensities in relation to the main b...
Section 29.1391 Minimum intensities in the
0Section to 10Section .....................
10Section to 20Section ...................
20Section to 110Section .................
110Section to 180Section ...............
Section 29.1395 Maximum intensities in overlapping beams of ...
Section 29.1389(b)(3).
Section 29.1397
0Section ......................................................
0Section to 5Section ..........................................
5Section to 10Section .........................................
10Section to 15Section ........................................
15Section to 20Section ........................................
...
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Section 29.1411
Section 29.1401 Anticollision light system.
(a) General. If certification for night
(b) Field of coverage. The system must
30 degrees above and 30 degrees below
(c) Flashing characteristics. The arrangement of the system,...
(d) Color. Each anticollision light
(e) Light intensity. The minimum
0.2 + (t 2  -  t1 )
(f) Minimum effective intensities for
0Section to 5Section ..........................................
5Section to 10Section .........................................
10Section to 20Section ........................................
20Section to 30Section ........................................
1971; Amdt. 29-11, 41 FR 5290, Feb. 5, 1976]
Section 29.1411 General.
...
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Section 29.1413
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) Long-range signaling device. The
(f) Life preservers. Each life preserver
Section 29.1413 Safety belts: passenger warning device.
(a) If there are means to indicate to
(b) Each safety belt must be equipped
1978]
Section 29.1415
(a) Emergency flotation and signaling equipment required by ...
(b) Each liferaft and each life preserver must be approved. ...
(c) Approved survival equipment
(d) There must be an approved survival type emergency locato...
1971; Amdt. 29-19, 45 FR 38348, June 9, 1980;
29-33, 59 FR 32057, June 21, 1994]
Section 29.1419
(a) To obtain certification for flight
(b) It must be demonstrated that the
(c) In addition to the analysis and
(d) The ice protection provisions of
(e) A means must be identified or
...
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Section 29.1439
Section 29.1431 Electronic equipment.
(a) Radio communication and navigation equipment installatio...
(b) Radio communication and navigation equipment, controls, ...
Section 29.1433 Vacuum systems.
(a) There must be means, in addition
(b) Each vacuum air system line and
(c) Other vacuum air system components in designated fire zo...
Section 29.1435 Hydraulic systems.
(a) Design. Each hydraulic system
(b) Tests. Each element of the system
(c) Fire protection. Each hydraulic
29.1189.
Section 29.1439 Protective breathing equipment.
(a) If one or more cargo or baggage
(b) For protective breathing equipment required by paragraph...
(i) Masks covering the eyes, nose, and
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Section 29.1457
Section 29.1457
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a) Each cockpit voice recorder required by the operating ru...
(b) The recording requirements of
(c) Each cockpit voice recorder must
(i) Each microphone, headset, or
(d) Each cockpit voice recorder must
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.1459
(i) That provides 10 Section1 minutes of
(e) The record container must be located and mounted to mini...
(f) If the cockpit voice recorder has a
(g) Each recorder container must be
(h) When both a cockpit voice recorder and a flight data rec...
2008; 74 FR 32800, July 9, 2009; Amdt. 29-52, 75
Section 29.1459 Flight data recorders.
(a) Each flight recorder required by
29.1327 of this part, as applicable;
(b) Each nonejectable recorder container must be located and...
(c) A correlation must be established
(d) Each recorder container must:
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
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Section 29.1461
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(e) When both a cockpit voice recorder and a flight data rec...
26144, July 11, 1988, as amended by Amdt. 29-
50, 73 FR 12564, Mar. 7, 2008; 74 FR 32800, July
9, 2009; Amdt. 29-52, 75 FR 17045, Apr. 5, 2010]
Section 29.1461 Equipment containing high
(a) Equipment containing high energy rotors must meet paragr...
(c), or (d) of this section.
(b) High energy rotors contained in
(c) It must be shown by test that
(d) Equipment containing high energy rotors must be located ...
Subpart G - Operating Limitations
Section 29.1501
(a) Each operating limitation specified in SectionSection 29...
(b) The operating limitations and
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
Section 29.1503 Airspeed limitations: general.
(a) An operating speed range must be
(b) When airspeed limitations are a
Section 29.1505 Never-exceed speed.
...
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Section 29.1521
Section 29.67(b); and
(i) A constant airspeed;
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1978; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 44440, Nov. 6, 1984]
Section 29.1509 Rotor speed.
(a) Maximum power-off (autorotation).
(b) Minimum power-off. The minimum
(c) Minimum power-on. The minimum
(i) The minimum shown during the
Section 29.1517 Limiting height-speed envelope.
Section 29.1519 Weight and center of gravity.
29.27, respectively, must be established
Section 29.1521 Powerplant limitations.
(a) General. The powerplant limitations prescribed in this s...
(b) Takeoff operation. The powerplant
(i) The maximum value determined
(b)(1)
2 minutes - 
(i) The maximum allowable cylinder
(c) Continuous operation. The continuous operation must be l...
...
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Section 29.1521
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) The cylinder head or coolant outlet (for reciprocating e...
(d) Fuel grade or designation. The minimum fuel grade (for r...
(e) Ambient temperature. Ambient
(f) Two and one-half minute OEI power
(i) The maximum value determined
(g) Thirty-minute OEI power operation.
30-minute OEI power must be limited
(i) The maximum value determined
(h) Continuous OEI power operation.
(i) The maximum value determined
(i) Rated 30-second OEI power operation. Rated 30-second OEI...
Section A33.4 of appendix A of part 33.
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Section 29.1529
(i) The maximum value determined
(j) Rated 2-minute OEI power operation. Rated 2-minute OEI p...
Section A33.4 of appendix A of part 33.
(i) The maximum value determined
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1965; Amdt. 29-3, 33 FR 971, Jan. 26, 1968;
29-26, 53 FR 34220, Sept. 2, 1988; Amdt. 29-34,
59 FR 47768, Sept. 16, 1994; Amdt. 29-41, 62 FR
46173, Aug. 29, 1997]
Section 29.1522 Auxiliary power unit limitations.
6(c), Dept. of Transportation Act (49 U.S.C.
1655(c)))
Section 29.1523
(a) The workload on individual crewmembers;
(b) The accessibility and ease of operation of necessary con...
(c) The kinds of operation authorized
Section 29.1525
Section 29.1527
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
Section 29.1529 Instructions
...
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Section 29.1541
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.1541
(a) The rotorcraft must contain - 
(b) Each marking and placard prescribed in paragraph (a) of ...
Section 29.1543
(a) When markings are on the cover
(b) Each arc and line must be wide
Section 29.1545
(a) Each airspeed indicator must be
(b) The following markings must be
(i) For rotorcraft other than helicopters, at VNE; and
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1978; 43 FR 3900, Jan. 30, 1978; Amdt. 29-17, 43
Section 29.1547 Magnetic direction indicator.
(a) A placard meeting the requirements of this section must ...
(b) The placard must show the calibration of the instrument ...
(c) The placard must state whether
(d) Each calibration reading must be
Section 29.1549 Powerplant instruments.
(a) Each maximum and, if applicable,
...
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Section 29.1561
Section 29.1555 Control markings.
(a) Each cockpit control, other than
(b) For powerplant fuel controls - 
(c) Usable fuel capacity must be
(d) For accessory, auxiliary, and
(e) For rotorcraft incorporating retractable landing gear, t...
1976; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 44440, Nov. 6, 1984]
Section 29.1557 Miscellaneous markings and
(a) Baggage and cargo compartments,
(b) Seats. If the maximum allowable
(c) Fuel and oil filler openings. The following apply:
(i) The word  - fuel - ;
(d) Emergency exit placards. Each
1968; Amdt. 29-12, 41 FR 55474, Dec. 20, 1976;
Section 29.1559
Section 29.1561
(a) Each safety equipment control to
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Section 29.1565
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) Each location, such as a locker or
(c) Stowage provisions for required
(d) Each liferaft must have obviously
(e) Approved survival equipment
Section 29.1565 Tail rotor.
Section 29.1581 General.
(a) Furnishing information. A Rotorcraft Flight Manual must ...
(b) Approved information. Each part of
29.1589 that is appropriate to the rotorcraft, must be furni...
(c) [Reserved]
(d) Table of contents. Each Rotorcraft
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
(b) Powerplant limitations. The following information must b...
(c) Weight and loading distribution.
(d) Flight crew. When a flight crew of
(e) Kinds of operation. Each kind of
(f) Limiting heights. Enough information must be furnished t...
(g) Maximum allowable wind. For Category A rotorcraft, the m...
(h) Altitude. The altitude established
...
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Section 29.1587
(b) For multiengine rotorcraft, information identifying each...
(c) For helicopters for which a VNE
Section 29.1505(c), information must be furnished to explain...
(d) For each rotorcraft showing compliance with Section 29.1...
(c)(6)(iii), the operating procedures for
(e) If the unusable fuel supply in any
(f) Information on the total quantity
(g) For Category B rotorcraft, the
Section 29.71 must be provided.
1421, 1423, 1424, and 1425); and sec. 6(c), Dept.
1978; Amdt. 29-17, 43 FR 50602, Oct. 30, 1978;
Section 29.1587
(a) Category A. For each category A
(i) In the flight conditions required in
Section 29.67(a)(1) between the end of the
1000 feet above the lowest point of the
17 knots from all azimuths. These data
(b) Category B. For each category B
11:00 Mar 08, 2018
...
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Section 29.1589
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1983; Amdt. 29-24, 49 FR 44440, Nov. 6, 1984;
29-40, 61 FR 21908, May 10, 1996; Amdt. 29-44,
64 FR 45338, Aug. 19, 1999; Amdt. 29-51, 73 FR
11001, Feb. 29, 2008]
Section 29.1589 Loading information.
(a) This appendix specifies requirements
(b) The Instructions for Continued Airworthiness for each ro...
(c) The applicant must submit to the FAA
(a) The Instructions for Continued Airworthiness must be in ...
(b) The format of the manual or manuals
(a) Rotorcraft maintenance manual or section.
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(b) Maintenance Instructions. (1) Scheduling
(c) Diagrams of structural access plates
(d) Details for the application of special inspection techni...
(e) Information needed to apply protective
(f) All data relative to structural fasteners
(g) A list of special tools needed.
1989; Amdt. 29-54, 76 FR 74664, Dec. 1, 2011]
(b) VNEI means instrument flight never exceed speed, utilize...
(c) VMINI means instrument flight minimum speed, utilized in...
(b) Climb. Stability must be shown in climb
(c) Cruise. Stability must be shown
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) Slow cruise. Stability must be shown
1.3 VMINI or 20 knots above trim speed, whichever is greater...
(e) Descent. Stability must be shown
(f) Approach. Stability must be shown
(a) Static directional stability must be
(b) During sideslips up to Section10Section from trim
(b) Any oscillation having a period of 5 seconds or more but...
(c) Any oscillation having a period of 10
(d) Any oscillation having a period of 20
(e) Any aperiodic response may not achieve
(a) If a SAS is used, the reliability of the
(i) The controllability and maneuverability requirements in ...
(b) The SAS must be designed so that it
(a) Flight and navigation instruments. (1) A
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(b) Miscellaneous requirements. (1) Instrument systems and o...
(i) Only the required flight instruments for
(c) Thunderstorm lights. In addition to the
(a) Limitations. The approved IFR flight envelope, the IFR f...
(b) Procedures. Required information for
(c) Performance. If VYI differs from VY,
21, 1990; 55 FR 41309, Oct. 10, 1990; Amdt. 29-
40, 61 FR 21908, May 10, 1996; Amdt. 29-51, 73
(a) Continuous maximum icing. The maximum continuous intensi...
(b) Intermittent maximum icing. The intermittent maximum int...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 29.803
(a) The demonstration must be conducted
(b) The rotorcraft must be in a normal attitude with landing...
(c) Safety equipment such as mats or inverted liferafts may ...
(d) Except as provided in paragraph (a) of
(e) All emergency equipment required for
(f) Each external door and exit and each internal door or cu...
(g) Each crewmember must be seated in
(h) A representative passenger load of persons in normal hea...
30 percent of these being females.
19, one doll must be carried. A doll is not required for a 1...
(i) No passenger may be assigned a specific
(j) Seat belts and shoulder harnesses (as required) must be ...
(k) Before the start of the demonstration,
(l) No prior indication may be given to any
(m) The applicant may not practice, rehearse, or describe th...
(n) A pretakeoff passenger briefing may be
(o) If safety equipment, as allowed by paragraph (c) of this...
(p) Not more than 50 percent of the emergency exits in the s...
Section 29.807(a)(1)) must be used as required by
...
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Section 29.1317. The field strength values for the
(a) HIRF environment I is specified in the
10 kHz-2 MHz ...................................
2 MHz-30 MHz .................................
30 MHz-100 MHz .............................
100 MHz-400 MHz ...........................
400 MHz-700 MHz ...........................
700 MHz-1 GHz ................................
1 GHz-2 GHz ....................................
2 GHz-6 GHz ....................................
6 GHz-8 GHz ....................................
8 GHz-12 GHz ..................................
12 GHz-18 GHz ................................
18 GHz-40 GHz ................................
2,000
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
2007]
44702, 44704.
PART 31 - AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: MANNED FREE BALLOONS
1964, as amended by Amdt. 31-1, 29 FR 14563,
Subpart A - General
Subpart A - General
Section 31.1
31.1 Applicability.
Subpart B - Flight Requirements
31.12 Proof of compliance.
31.14 Weight limits.
31.16 Empty weight.
31.17 Performance: Climb.
31.19 Performance: Uncontrolled descent.
31.20 Controllability.
Subpart C - Strength Requirements
31.21
31.23
31.25
31.27
...