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175 

Federal Aviation Administration, DOT 

Pt. 23 

safety equivalent to that provided by 
the TSO; and 

(ii) The manufacturer has provided to 

the FAA one copy of the technical data 
required in the applicable performance 
standard through its State of Design. 

(b) The FAA issues the letter of TSO 

design approval that lists any devi-
ation granted under § 21.618. 

[Doc. No. FAA–2006–25877, Amdt. 21–92, 74 FR 
53392, Oct. 16, 2009, as amended by Amdt. 21– 
92A, 75 FR 9095, Mar. 1, 2010] 

Subpart P—Special Federal 

Aviation Regulations 

S

OURCE

: Docket No. FAA–2011–0186, Amdt. 

21–92, 76 FR 12555, Mar. 8, 2011, unless other-
wise noted. 

§ 21.700

SFAR No. 111—Lavatory Oxy-

gen Systems. 

The requirements of § 121.1500 of this 

chapter also apply to this part. 

PART 23—AIRWORTHINESS STAND-

ARDS: NORMAL CATEGORY AIR-
PLANES 

Sec. 
23.1457

Cockpit voice recorders. 

23.1459

Flight data recorders. 

23.1529

Instructions for continued air-

worthiness. 

Subpart A—General 

23.2000

Applicability and definitions. 

23.2005

Certification of normal category air-

planes. 

23.2010

Accepted means of compliance. 

Subpart B—Flight 

P

ERFORMANCE

 

23.2100

Weight and center of gravity. 

23.2105

Performance data. 

23.2110

Stall speed. 

23.2115

Takeoff performance. 

23.2120

Climb requirements. 

23.2125

Climb information. 

23.2130

Landing. 

F

LIGHT

C

HARACTERISTICS

 

23.2135

Controllability. 

23.2140

Trim. 

23.2145

Stability. 

23.2150

Stall characteristics, stall warning, 

and spins. 

23.2155

Ground and water handling charac-

teristics. 

23.2160

Vibration, buffeting, and high-speed 

characteristics. 

23.2165

Performance and flight characteris-

tics requirements for flight in icing con-
ditions. 

Subpart C—Structures 

23.2200

Structural design envelope. 

23.2205

Interaction of systems and struc-

tures. 

S

TRUCTURAL

L

OADS

 

23.2210

Structural design loads. 

23.2215

Flight load conditions. 

23.2220

Ground and water load conditions. 

23.2225

Component loading conditions. 

23.2230

Limit and ultimate loads. 

S

TRUCTURAL

P

ERFORMANCE

 

23.2235

Structural strength. 

23.2240

Structural durability. 

23.2245

Aeroelasticity. 

D

ESIGN

 

23.2250

Design and construction principles. 

23.2255

Protection of structure. 

23.2260

Materials and processes. 

23.2265

Special factors of safety. 

S

TRUCTURAL

O

CCUPANT

P

ROTECTION

 

23.2270

Emergency conditions. 

Subpart D—Design and Construction 

23.2300

Flight control systems. 

23.2305

Landing gear systems. 

23.2310

Buoyancy for seaplanes and amphib-

ians. 

O

CCUPANT

S

YSTEM

D

ESIGN

P

ROTECTION

 

23.2315

Means of egress and emergency 

exits. 

23.2320

Occupant physical environment. 

F

IRE AND

H

IGH

E

NERGY

P

ROTECTION

 

23.2325

Fire protection. 

23.2330

Fire protection in designated fire 

zones and adjacent areas. 

23.2335

Lightning protection. 

Subpart E—Powerplant 

23.2400

Powerplant installation. 

23.2405

Automatic power or thrust control 

systems. 

23.2410

Powerplant installation hazard as-

sessment. 

23.2415

Powerplant ice protection. 

23.2420

Reversing systems. 

23.2425

Powerplant operational characteris-

tics. 

23.2430

Fuel system. 

23.2435

Powerplant induction and exhaust 

systems. 

23.2440

Powerplant fire protection. 

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