Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM)

source: aim_basic_chgs_1-3_2-28-19.pdf

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Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) effective 10/12/17

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Record of Changes

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Change 3 Cover eff 2/28/19

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Explanation of Changes

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Page Control Chart

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Checklist of Pages

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Change 2 Cover eff 9/13/18

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Explanation of Changes

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Page Control Chart

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Checklist of Pages

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Change 1 Cover eff 3/29/18

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Explanation of Changes

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Page Control Chart

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Checklist of Pages

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Basic - Explanation of Changes

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Subscription Information

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Publication Schedule

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Table of Contents

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Chapter 1. Air Navigation

Section 1. Navigation Aids

Page 63 -   PAGE
1-1-1. General
1-1-2. Nondirectional Radio Beacon (NDB)
1-1-3. VHF Omni-directional Range (VOR)
Page 64 -   PAGE
Page 65 -   PAGE
1-1-4. VOR Receiver Check
Page 66 -   PAGE
1-1-5. Tactical Air Navigation (TACAN)
1-1-6. VHF Omni-directional
Page 67 -   PAGE
1-1-7. Distance Measuring Equipment
1-1-8. Navigational Aid (NAVAID) Service
Page 68 -   PAGE
FIG 1-1-2
FIG 1-1-1
Page 69 -   PAGE
TBL 1-1-1
TBL 1-1-2
FIG 1-1-3
Page 70 -   PAGE
FIG 1-1-4
FIG 1-1-5
1-1-9. Instrument Landing System (ILS)
Page 71 -   PAGE
FIG 1-1-6
Page 72 -   PAGE
Page 73 -   PAGE
TBL 1-1-3
TBL 1-1-4
Page 74 -   PAGE
Page 75 -   PAGE
1-1-10. Simplified Directional Facility
Page 76 -   PAGE
FIG 1-1-7
Page 77 -   PAGE
1-1-11. NAVAID Identifier Removal During
1-1-12. NAVAIDs with Voice
1-1-13. User Reports Requested on
Page 78 -   PAGE
1-1-14. LORAN
1-1-15. Inertial Reference Unit (IRU),
1-1-16. Doppler Radar
1-1-17. Global Positioning System (GPS)
Page 79 -   PAGE
Page 80 -   PAGE
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Page 90 -   PAGE
TBL 1-1-5
Page 91 -   PAGE
TBL 1-1-6
1-1-18. Wide Area Augmentation System
Page 92 -   PAGE
Page 93 -   PAGE
Page 94 -   PAGE
Page 95 -   PAGE
Page 96 -   PAGE
1-1-19. Ground Based Augmentation
Page 97 -   PAGE
FIG 1-1-8
1-1-20. Precision Approach Systems other
Page 98 -   PAGE

Section 2. Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) and Area Navigation (RNAV)

Page 99 -   PAGE
1-2-1. General
FIG 1-2-1
Page 100 -   PAGE
FIG 1-2-2
Page 101 -   PAGE
FIG 1-2-5
FIG 1-2-3
FIG 1-2-6
FIG 1-2-4
Page 102 -   PAGE
1-2-2. Required Navigation Performance
Page 103 -   PAGE
Page 104 -   PAGE
Page 105 -   PAGE
TBL 1-2-1
1-2-3. Use of Suitable Area Navigation
Page 106 -   PAGE
Page 107 -   PAGE
1-2-4. Pilots and Air Traffic Controllers
Page 108 -   PAGE

Chapter 2. Aeronautical Lighting and Other Airport Visual Aids

Section 1. Airport Lighting Aids

Page 109 -   PAGE
2-1-1. Approach Light Systems (ALS)
2-1-2. Visual Glideslope Indicators
Page 110 -   PAGE
FIG 2-1-1
Page 111 -   PAGE
FIG 2-1-2
FIG 2-1-3
FIG 2-1-4
Page 112 -   PAGE
FIG 2-1-5
FIG 2-1-6
Page 113 -   PAGE
FIG 2-1-7
FIG 2-1-8
Page 114 -   PAGE
2-1-3. Runway End Identifier Lights (REIL)
2-1-4. Runway Edge Light Systems
2-1-5. In-runway Lighting
Page 115 -   PAGE
2-1-6. Runway Status Light (RWSL)
Page 116 -   PAGE
FIG 2-1-9
Page 117 -   PAGE
Page 118 -   PAGE
2-1-7. Stand-Alone Final Approach
FIG 2-1-10
Page 119 -   PAGE
FIG 2-1-11
2-1-9. Pilot Control of Airport Lighting
2-1-8. Control of Lighting Systems
Page 120 -   PAGE
FIG 2-1-12
FIG 2-1-13
Page 121 -   PAGE
FIG 2-1-14
TBL 2-1-1
TBL 2-1-2
Page 122 -   PAGE
TBL 2-1-3
2-1-10. Airport/Heliport Beacons
Page 123 -   PAGE
2-1-11. Taxiway Lights
Page 124 -   PAGE

Section 2. Air Navigation and Obstruction Lighting

Page 125 -   PAGE
2-2-1. Aeronautical Light Beacons
2-2-2. Code Beacons and Course Lights
2-2-3. Obstruction Lights
Page 126 -   PAGE

Section 3. Airport Marking Aids and Signs

Page 127 -   PAGE
2-3-1. General
2-3-2. Airport Pavement Markings
2-3-3. Runway Markings
TBL 2-3-1
Page 128 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-1
Page 129 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-2
TBL 2-3-2
Page 130 -   PAGE
Page 131 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-3
Page 132 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-4
Page 133 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-5
2-3-4. Taxiway Markings
Page 134 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-6
Page 135 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-7
Page 136 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-8
FIG 2-3-10
FIG 2-3-9
Page 137 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-11
Page 138 -   PAGE
2-3-5. Holding Position Markings
Page 139 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-12
FIG 2-3-13
Page 140 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-14
Page 141 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-15
Page 142 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-16
2-3-6. Other Markings
Page 143 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-17
FIG 2-3-18
Page 144 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-19
FIG 2-3-20
FIG 2-3-21
FIG 2-3-22
Page 145 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-23
2-3-7. Airport Signs
Page 146 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-24
FIG 2-3-25
2-3-8. Mandatory Instruction Signs
Page 147 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-26
FIG 2-3-27
Page 148 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-28
FIG 2-3-29
Page 149 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-30
FIG 2-3-31
2-3-9. Location Signs
Page 150 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-32
FIG 2-3-33
Page 151 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-34
2-3-10. Direction Signs
Page 152 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-35
FIG 2-3-36
Page 153 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-37
Page 154 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-38
FIG 2-3-39
2-3-11. Destination Signs
Page 155 -   PAGE
FIG 2-3-40
2-3-12. Information Signs
2-3-13. Runway Distance Remaining Signs
FIG 2-3-41
Page 156 -   PAGE
2-3-14. Aircraft Arresting Systems
FIG 2-3-42
Page 157 -   PAGE
2-3-15. Security Identifications Display
Page 158 -   PAGE

Chapter 3. Airspace

Section 1. General

Page 159 -   PAGE
3-1-1. General
3-1-2. General Dimensions of Airspace
3-1-3. Hierarchy of Overlapping Airspace
3-1-4. Basic VFR Weather Minimums
Page 160 -   PAGE
TBL 3-1-1
3-1-5. VFR Cruising Altitudes and Flight Levels
TBL 3-1-2

Section 2. Controlled Airspace

Page 161 -   PAGE
3-2-1. General
FIG 3-2-1
Page 162 -   PAGE
3-2-2. Class A Airspace
3-2-3. Class B Airspace
Page 163 -   PAGE
Page 164 -   PAGE
3-2-4. Class C Airspace
Page 165 -   PAGE
Page 166 -   PAGE
TBL 3-2-1
Page 167 -   PAGE
Page 168 -   PAGE
3-2-5. Class D Airspace
Page 169 -   PAGE
3-2-6. Class E Airspace
Page 170 -   PAGE

Section 3. Class G Airspace

Page 171 -   PAGE
3-3-1. General
3-3-3. IFR Requirements
3-3-2. VFR Requirements
TBL 3-3-1
Page 172 -   PAGE

Section 4. Special Use Airspace

Page 173 -   PAGE
3-4-1. General
3-4-2. Prohibited Areas
3-4-3. Restricted Areas
3-4-4. Warning Areas
Page 174 -   PAGE
3-4-5. Military Operations Areas
3-4-6. Alert Areas
3-4-7. Controlled Firing Areas
3-4-8. National Security Areas
3-4-9. Obtaining Special Use Airspace
Page 175 -   PAGE
Page 176 -   PAGE

Section 5. Other Airspace Areas

Page 177 -   PAGE
3-5-1. Airport Advisory/Information
3-5-2. Military Training Routes
Page 178 -   PAGE
3-5-3. Temporary Flight Restrictions
Page 179 -   PAGE
Page 180 -   PAGE
Page 181 -   PAGE
3-5-4. Parachute Jump Aircraft Operations
3-5-5. Published VFR Routes
Page 182 -   PAGE
FIG 3-5-1
Page 183 -   PAGE
FIG 3-5-2
Page 184 -   PAGE
FIG 3-5-3
Page 185 -   PAGE
3-5-6. Terminal Radar Service Area (TRSA)
FIG 3-5-4
3-5-7. Special Air Traffic Rules (SATR) and
3-5-8. Weather Reconnaissance Area
Page 186 -   PAGE

Chapter 4. Air Traffic Control

Section 1. Services Available to Pilots

Page 187 -   PAGE
4-1-1. Air Route Traffic Control Centers
4-1-2. Control Towers
4-1-3. Flight Service Stations
4-1-4. Recording and Monitoring
4-1-5. Communications Release of IFR
4-1-6. Pilot Visits to Air Traffic Facilities
4-1-7. Operation Rain Check
Page 188 -   PAGE
4-1-8. Approach Control Service for VFR
4-1-9. Traffic Advisory Practices at
Page 189 -   PAGE
TBL 4-1-1
Page 190 -   PAGE
Page 191 -   PAGE
Page 192 -   PAGE
4-1-10. IFR Approaches/Ground Vehicle
4-1-11. Designated UNICOM/MULTICOM
TBL 4-1-2
Page 193 -   PAGE
TBL 4-1-3
4-1-12. Use of UNICOM for ATC Purposes
4-1-13. Automatic Terminal Information
Page 194 -   PAGE
4-1-14. Automatic Flight Information
Page 195 -   PAGE
4-1-15. Radar Traffic Information Service
Page 196 -   PAGE
FIG 4-1-1
FIG 4-1-2
4-1-16. Safety Alert
Page 197 -   PAGE
4-1-17. Radar Assistance to VFR Aircraft
Page 198 -   PAGE
4-1-18. Terminal Radar Services for VFR
Page 199 -   PAGE
Page 200 -   PAGE
4-1-19. Tower En Route Control (TEC)
Page 201 -   PAGE
4-1-20. Transponder Operation
Page 202 -   PAGE
Page 203 -   PAGE
Page 204 -   PAGE
4-1-21. Airport Reservation Operations
Page 205 -   PAGE
TBL 4-1-4
TBL 4-1-5
Page 206 -   PAGE
4-1-22. Requests for Waivers and
4-1-23. Weather System Processor

Section 2. Radio Communications Phraseology and Techniques

Page 207 -   PAGE
4-2-1. General
4-2-2. Radio Technique
4-2-3. Contact Procedures
Page 208 -   PAGE
Page 209 -   PAGE
4-2-4. Aircraft Call Signs
Page 210 -   PAGE
4-2-5. Description of Interchange or
4-2-6. Ground Station Call Signs
Page 211 -   PAGE
TBL 4-2-1
TBL 4-2-2
4-2-7. Phonetic Alphabet
Page 212 -   PAGE
4-2-8. Figures
4-2-10. Directions
4-2-11. Speeds
4-2-9. Altitudes and Flight Levels
4-2-12. Time
Page 213 -   PAGE
TBL 4-2-3
4-2-13. Communications with Tower when
Page 214 -   PAGE
4-2-14. Communications for VFR Flights

Section 3. Airport Operations

Page 215 -   PAGE
4-3-1. General
FIG 4-3-1
4-3-2. Airports with an Operating Control
Page 216 -   PAGE
4-3-3. Traffic Patterns
Page 217 -   PAGE
Page 218 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-2
Page 219 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-3
Page 220 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-4
Page 221 -   PAGE
4-3-4. Visual Indicators at Airports
4-3-5. Unexpected Maneuvers in the
Page 222 -   PAGE
4-3-6. Use of Runways/Declared Distances
Page 223 -   PAGE
Page 224 -   PAGE
Page 225 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-5
Page 226 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-6
Page 227 -   PAGE
4-3-7. Low Level Wind Shear/Microburst
4-3-8. Braking Action Reports and
Page 228 -   PAGE
4-3-9. Runway Condition Reports
Page 229 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-7
Page 230 -   PAGE
4-3-10. Intersection Takeoffs
4-3-11. Pilot Responsibilities When
Page 231 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-8
FIG 4-3-9
Page 232 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-10
Page 233 -   PAGE
4-3-12. Low Approach
4-3-13. Traffic Control Light Signals
Page 234 -   PAGE
TBL 4-3-1
4-3-14. Communications
Page 235 -   PAGE
4-3-15. Gate Holding Due to Departure
4-3-16. VFR Flights in Terminal Areas
4-3-17. VFR Helicopter Operations at
Page 236 -   PAGE
Page 237 -   PAGE
4-3-18. Taxiing
Page 238 -   PAGE
4-3-19. Taxi During Low Visibility
Page 239 -   PAGE
4-3-20. Exiting the Runway After Landing
4-3-21. Practice Instrument Approaches
Page 240 -   PAGE
4-3-22. Option Approach
Page 241 -   PAGE
4-3-23. Use of Aircraft Lights
4-3-24. Flight Inspection/"Flight Check"
Page 242 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-12
4-3-25. Hand Signals
FIG 4-3-11
FIG 4-3-13
Page 243 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-14
FIG 4-3-16
FIG 4-3-15
FIG 4-3-17
Page 244 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-18
FIG 4-3-20
FIG 4-3-19
FIG 4-3-21
Page 245 -   PAGE
FIG 4-3-22
FIG 4-3-24
FIG 4-3-23
Page 246 -   PAGE
4-3-26. Operations at Uncontrolled

Section 4. ATC Clearances and Aircraft Separation

Page 247 -   PAGE
4-4-1. Clearance
4-4-2. Clearance Prefix
4-4-3. Clearance Items
Page 248 -   PAGE
4-4-4. Amended Clearances
Page 249 -   PAGE
4-4-5. Coded Departure Route (CDR)
4-4-6. Special VFR Clearances
Page 250 -   PAGE
4-4-7. Pilot Responsibility upon Clearance
4-4-8. IFR Clearance VFR-on-top
Page 251 -   PAGE
4-4-9. VFR/IFR Flights
4-4-10. Adherence to Clearance
Page 252 -   PAGE
Page 253 -   PAGE
4-4-11. IFR Separation Standards
4-4-12. Speed Adjustments
Page 254 -   PAGE
Page 255 -   PAGE
Page 256 -   PAGE
4-4-13. Runway Separation
4-4-14. Visual Separation
Page 257 -   PAGE
4-4-15. Use of Visual Clearing Procedures
4-4-16. Traffic Alert and Collision
Page 258 -   PAGE
4-4-17. Traffic Information Service (TIS)

Section 5. Surveillance Systems

Page 259 -   PAGE
4-5-1. Radar
FIG 4-5-1
Page 260 -   PAGE
4-5-2. Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon
Page 261 -   PAGE
FIG 4-5-2
Page 262 -   PAGE
Page 263 -   PAGE
FIG 4-5-3
Page 264 -   PAGE
Page 265 -   PAGE
4-5-3. Surveillance Radar
4-5-4. Precision Approach Radar (PAR)
4-5-5. Airport Surface Detection
Page 266 -   PAGE
TBL 4-5-2
TBL 4-5-1
4-5-6. Traffic Information Service (TIS)
Page 267 -   PAGE
FIG 4-5-4
FIG 4-5-5
Page 268 -   PAGE
FIG 4-5-6
Page 269 -   PAGE
Page 270 -   PAGE
Page 271 -   PAGE
Page 272 -   PAGE
4-5-7. Automatic Dependent
Page 273 -   PAGE
FIG 4-5-7
Page 274 -   PAGE
FIG 4-5-8
FIG 4-5-9
Page 275 -   PAGE
Page 276 -   PAGE
4-5-8. Traffic Information Service-
Page 277 -   PAGE
4-5-9. Flight Information Service-
Page 278 -   PAGE
TBL 4-5-3
Page 279 -   PAGE
4-5-10. Automatic Dependent
Page 280 -   PAGE

Section 6. Operational Policy/Procedures for Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) in the Domestic U.S., Alaska, Offs...

Page 281 -   PAGE
4-6-1. Applicability and RVSM Mandate
4-6-2. Flight Level Orientation Scheme
FIG 4-6-1
Page 282 -   PAGE
4-6-3. Aircraft and Operator Approval
4-6-4. Flight Planning into RVSM Airspace
Page 283 -   PAGE
4-6-5. Pilot RVSM Operating Practices and
4-6-6. Guidance on Severe Turbulence
Page 284 -   PAGE
Page 285 -   PAGE
4-6-8. Pilot/Controller Phraseology
4-6-7. Guidance on Wake Turbulence
Page 286 -   PAGE
TBL 4-6-1
Page 287 -   PAGE
4-6-9. Contingency Actions: Weather
TBL 4-6-2
Page 288 -   PAGE
Page 289 -   PAGE
4-6-10. Procedures for Accommodation of
Page 290 -   PAGE
4-6-11. Non-RVSM Aircraft Requesting

Section 7. Operational Policy/Procedures for the Gulf of Mexico 50 NM Lateral Separation Initiative

Page 291 -   PAGE
4-7-1. Introduction and General Policies
4-7-2. Accommodating Non-RNP 10
4-7-3. Obtaining RNP 10 or RNP 4
Page 292 -   PAGE
4-7-4. Authority for Operations with a
4-7-5. Flight Plan Requirements
4-7-6. Contingency Procedures

Chapter 5. Air Traffic Procedures

Section 1. Preflight

Page 293 -   PAGE
5-1-1. Preflight Preparation
Page 294 -   PAGE
5-1-3. Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) System
5-1-2. Follow IFR Procedures Even When
Page 295 -   PAGE
Page 296 -   PAGE
TBL 5-1-1
Page 297 -   PAGE
Page 298 -   PAGE
TBL 5-1-2
Page 299 -   PAGE
5-1-4. Flight Plan - VFR Flights
Page 300 -   PAGE
Page 301 -   PAGE
FIG 5-1-1
Page 302 -   PAGE
5-1-5. Operational Information System
5-1-6. Flight Plan- Defense VFR (DVFR)
Page 303 -   PAGE
5-1-7. Composite Flight Plan (VFR/IFR
5-1-8. Flight Plan (FAA Form 7233-1)-
Page 304 -   PAGE
TBL 5-1-3
Page 305 -   PAGE
Page 306 -   PAGE
Page 307 -   PAGE
Page 308 -   PAGE
FIG 5-1-2
Page 309 -   PAGE
5-1-9. International Flight Plan (FAA Form
Page 310 -   PAGE
Page 311 -   PAGE
FIG 5-1-3
Page 312 -   PAGE
Page 313 -   PAGE
TBL 5-1-4
Page 314 -   PAGE
TBL 5-1-5
Page 315 -   PAGE
Page 316 -   PAGE
TBL 5-1-6
Page 317 -   PAGE
Page 318 -   PAGE
Page 319 -   PAGE
5-1-10. IFR Operations to High Altitude
Page 320 -   PAGE
5-1-11. Flights Outside U.S. Territorial
Page 321 -   PAGE
5-1-12. Change in Flight Plan
5-1-13. Change in Proposed Departure
5-1-14. Closing VFR/DVFR Flight Plans
5-1-15. Canceling IFR Flight Plan
Page 322 -   PAGE
5-1-16. RNAV and RNP Operations
Page 323 -   PAGE
5-1-17. Cold Temperature Operations
Page 324 -   PAGE

Section 2. Departure Procedures

Page 325 -   PAGE
5-2-1. Pre-taxi Clearance Procedures
5-2-2. Automated Pre-Departure
Page 326 -   PAGE
5-2-3. IFR Clearances Off Uncontrolled
5-2-4. Taxi Clearance
5-2-5. Line Up and Wait (LUAW)
Page 327 -   PAGE
5-2-6. Abbreviated IFR Departure
Page 328 -   PAGE
5-2-7. Departure Restrictions, Clearance
Page 329 -   PAGE
5-2-8. Departure Control
Page 330 -   PAGE
5-2-9. Instrument Departure Procedures
Page 331 -   PAGE
Page 332 -   PAGE
FIG 5-2-1
Page 333 -   PAGE
Page 334 -   PAGE
Page 335 -   PAGE
Page 336 -   PAGE
Page 337 -   PAGE
Page 338 -   PAGE

Section 3. En Route Procedures

Page 339 -   PAGE
5-3-1. ARTCC Communications
Page 340 -   PAGE
TBL 5-3-1
TBL 5-3-2
Page 341 -   PAGE
TBL 5-3-3
TBL 5-3-4
Page 342 -   PAGE
Page 343 -   PAGE
TBL 5-3-5
Page 344 -   PAGE
TBL 5-3-6
TBL 5-3-7
Page 345 -   PAGE
TBL 5-3-8
TBL 5-3-9
TBL 5-3-10
Page 346 -   PAGE
TBL 5-3-11
TBL 5-3-12
Page 347 -   PAGE
TBL 5-3-13
TBL 5-3-14
TBL 5-3-15
Page 348 -   PAGE
TBL 5-3-16
TBL 5-3-17
Page 349 -   PAGE
TBL 5-3-18
TBL 5-3-19
Page 350 -   PAGE
Page 351 -   PAGE
5-3-2. Position Reporting
Page 352 -   PAGE
5-3-3. Additional Reports
Page 353 -   PAGE
5-3-4. Airways and Route Systems
Page 354 -   PAGE
Page 355 -   PAGE
FIG 5-3-1
5-3-5. Airway or Route Course Changes
Page 356 -   PAGE
5-3-6. Changeover Points (COPs)
5-3-7. Minimum Turning Altitude (MTA)
Page 357 -   PAGE
5-3-8. Holding
Page 358 -   PAGE
FIG 5-3-2
Page 359 -   PAGE
FIG 5-3-3
TBL 5-3-20
Page 360 -   PAGE
FIG 5-3-4
Page 361 -   PAGE
FIG 5-3-5
FIG 5-3-6
Page 362 -   PAGE
FIG 5-3-7
Page 363 -   PAGE
FIG 5-3-8
FIG 5-3-9
Page 364 -   PAGE
Page 365 -   PAGE
Page 366 -   PAGE

Section 4. Arrival Procedures

Page 367 -   PAGE
5-4-1. Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR)
Page 368 -   PAGE
Page 369 -   PAGE
5-4-3. Approach Control
5-4-2. Local Flow Traffic Management Program
Page 370 -   PAGE
5-4-4. Advance Information on Instrument
Page 371 -   PAGE
5-4-5. Instrument Approach Procedure
Page 372 -   PAGE
Page 373 -   PAGE
Page 374 -   PAGE
Page 375 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-1
Page 376 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-2
FIG 5-4-3
Page 377 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-4
Page 378 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-5
Page 379 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-6
Page 380 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-7
Page 381 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-8
FIG 5-4-9
Page 382 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-10
Page 383 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-11
Page 384 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-12
FIG 5-4-13
Page 385 -   PAGE
Page 386 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-14
Page 387 -   PAGE
Page 388 -   PAGE
Page 389 -   PAGE
Page 390 -   PAGE
Page 391 -   PAGE
Page 392 -   PAGE
5-4-6. Approach Clearance
Page 393 -   PAGE
5-4-7. Instrument Approach Procedures
Page 394 -   PAGE
Page 395 -   PAGE
5-4-8. Special Instrument Approach
5-4-9. Procedure Turn and Hold-in-lieu of
Page 396 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-15
FIG 5-4-16
Page 397 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-17
FIG 5-4-18
Page 398 -   PAGE
Page 399 -   PAGE
5-4-10. Timed Approaches from a Holding
Page 400 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-19
Page 401 -   PAGE
5-4-11. Radar Approaches
Page 402 -   PAGE
5-4-12. Radar Monitoring of Instrument
Page 403 -   PAGE
5-4-13. Simultaneous Approaches to Parallel Runways
FIG 5-4-20
Page 404 -   PAGE
Page 405 -   PAGE
5-4-14. Simultaneous Dependent Approaches
FIG 5-4-21
Page 406 -   PAGE
Page 407 -   PAGE
5-4-15. Simultaneous Independent ILS/RNAV/GLS Approaches
FIG 5-4-22
Page 408 -   PAGE
Page 409 -   PAGE
5-4-16. Simultaneous Close Parallel PRM Approaches and Simultaneous Offset Instrument
FIG 5-4-23
Page 410 -   PAGE
Page 411 -   PAGE
Page 412 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-24
Page 413 -   PAGE
Page 414 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-25
Page 415 -   PAGE
Page 416 -   PAGE
5-4-17. Simultaneous Converging
5-4-18. RNP AR Instrument Approach
Page 417 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-26
Page 418 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-27
FIG 5-4-28
5-4-20. Approach and Landing Minimums
TBL 5-4-1
5-4-19. Side-step Maneuver
Page 419 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-29
Page 420 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-30
FIG 5-4-31
Page 421 -   PAGE
Page 422 -   PAGE
5-4-21. Missed Approach
Page 423 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-33
FIG 5-4-32
Page 424 -   PAGE
5-4-22. Use of Enhanced Flight Vision
Page 425 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-34
FIG 5-4-35
Page 426 -   PAGE
Page 427 -   PAGE
5-4-23. Visual Approach
Page 428 -   PAGE
5-4-24. Charted Visual Flight Procedure
5-4-25. Contact Approach
Page 429 -   PAGE
5-4-26. Landing Priority
5-4-27. Overhead Approach Maneuver
Page 430 -   PAGE
FIG 5-4-36

Section 5. Pilot/Controller Roles and Responsibilities

Page 431 -   PAGE
5-5-1. General
5-5-2. Air Traffic Clearance
Page 432 -   PAGE
5-5-3. Contact Approach
5-5-4. Instrument Approach
Page 433 -   PAGE
5-5-5. Missed Approach
5-5-6. Radar Vectors
5-5-7. Safety Alert
Page 434 -   PAGE
5-5-8. See and Avoid
5-5-9. Speed Adjustments
Page 435 -   PAGE
5-5-11. Visual Approach
5-5-10. Traffic Advisories (Traffic
Page 436 -   PAGE
5-5-13. VFR-on-top
5-5-12. Visual Separation
Page 437 -   PAGE
5-5-14. Instrument Departures
5-5-15. Minimum Fuel Advisory
5-5-16. RNAV and RNP Operations
Page 438 -   PAGE

Section 6. National Security and Interception Procedures

Page 439 -   PAGE
5-6-1. National Security
5-6-2. National Security Requirements
5-6-3. Definitions
Page 440 -   PAGE
5-6-4. ADIZ Requirements
Page 441 -   PAGE
5-6-5. Civil Aircraft Operations To or From
Page 442 -   PAGE
5-6-6. Civil Aircraft Operations Within U.S.
Page 443 -   PAGE
5-6-7. Civil Aircraft Operations Transiting
Page 444 -   PAGE
5-6-8. Foreign State Aircraft Operations
Page 445 -   PAGE
5-6-9. FAA/TSA Airspace Waivers
5-6-10. TSA Aviation Security Programs
5-6-11. FAA Flight Routing Authorizations
5-6-12. Emergency Security Control of Air
Page 446 -   PAGE
5-6-13. Interception Procedures
Page 447 -   PAGE
FIG 5-6-1
Page 448 -   PAGE
FIG 5-6-2
5-6-14. Law Enforcement Operations by
Page 449 -   PAGE
5-6-15. Interception Signals
TBL 5-6-1
Page 450 -   PAGE
TBL 5-6-2
Page 451 -   PAGE
5-6-16. ADIZ Boundaries and Designated Mountainous Areas (See FIG 5-6-3.)
FIG 5-6-3
Page 452 -   PAGE
5-6-17. Visual Warning System (VWS)

Chapter 6. Emergency Procedures

Section 1. General

Page 453 -   PAGE
6-1-1. Pilot Responsibility and Authority
6-1-2. Emergency Condition- Request
Page 454 -   PAGE

Section 2. Emergency Services Available to Pilots

Page 455 -   PAGE
6-2-1. Radar Service for VFR Aircraft in
6-2-2. Transponder Emergency Operation
6-2-3. Intercept and Escort
Page 456 -   PAGE
6-2-4. Emergency Locator Transmitter
Page 457 -   PAGE
6-2-5. FAA K-9 Explosives Detection
Page 458 -   PAGE
TBL 6-2-1
6-2-6. Search and Rescue
Page 459 -   PAGE
TBL 6-2-2
TBL 6-2-3
TBL 6-2-4
TBL 6-2-5
Page 460 -   PAGE
Page 461 -   PAGE
FIG 6-2-1
FIG 6-2-2
Page 462 -   PAGE
FIG 6-2-3
FIG 6-2-5
FIG 6-2-4
FIG 6-2-6
Page 463 -   PAGE
FIG 6-2-7
FIG 6-2-9
FIG 6-2-8
FIG 6-2-10
Page 464 -   PAGE
FIG 6-2-11
FIG 6-2-13
FIG 6-2-12
FIG 6-2-14
Page 465 -   PAGE
FIG 6-2-15
FIG 6-2-16
FIG 6-2-17
Page 466 -   PAGE

Section 3. Distress and Urgency Procedures

Page 467 -   PAGE
6-3-1. Distress and Urgency
6-3-2. Obtaining Emergency Assistance
Page 468 -   PAGE
Page 469 -   PAGE
6-3-3. Ditching Procedures
FIG 6-3-1
FIG 6-3-3
FIG 6-3-4
FIG 6-3-2
Page 470 -   PAGE
FIG 6-3-5
Page 471 -   PAGE
Page 472 -   PAGE
6-3-4. Special Emergency (Air Piracy)
Page 473 -   PAGE
6-3-5. Fuel Dumping
Page 474 -   PAGE

error: 475

Page 475 -   PAGE
6-4-1. Two-way Radio Communications
Page 476 -   PAGE
6-4-2. Transponder Operation During
6-4-3. Reestablishing Radio Contact

Section 5. Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Communications

Page 477 -   PAGE
6-5-1. Discrete Emergency Frequency
6-5-2. Radio Call Signs
6-5-3. ARFF Emergency Hand Signals
FIG 6-5-1
FIG 6-5-2
Page 478 -   PAGE
FIG 6-5-3

Chapter 7. Safety of Flight

Section 1. Meteorology

Page 479 -   PAGE
7-1-1. National Weather Service Aviation
Page 480 -   PAGE
7-1-3. Use of Aviation Weather Products
7-1-2. FAA Weather Services
Page 481 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-1
Page 482 -   PAGE
Page 483 -   PAGE
7-1-4. Graphical Forecasts for Aviation
Page 484 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-2
Page 485 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-3
7-1-5. Preflight Briefing
Page 486 -   PAGE
Page 487 -   PAGE
7-1-6. Inflight Aviation Weather Advisories
Page 488 -   PAGE
Page 489 -   PAGE
Page 490 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-4
FIG 7-1-5
Page 491 -   PAGE
Page 492 -   PAGE
Page 493 -   PAGE
Page 494 -   PAGE
7-1-7. Categorical Outlooks
Page 495 -   PAGE
7-1-9. Transcribed Weather Broadcast
7-1-8. Telephone Information Briefing
7-1-10. Inflight Weather Broadcasts
Page 496 -   PAGE
Page 497 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-6
Page 498 -   PAGE
7-1-11. Flight Information Services (FIS)
Page 499 -   PAGE
Page 500 -   PAGE
Page 501 -   PAGE
TBL 7-1-1
Page 502 -   PAGE
TBL 7-1-2
7-1-12. Weather Observing Programs
Page 503 -   PAGE
Page 504 -   PAGE
Page 505 -   PAGE
Page 506 -   PAGE
Page 507 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-7
Page 508 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-8
Page 509 -   PAGE
TBL 7-1-3
Page 510 -   PAGE
TBL 7-1-4
7-1-13. Weather Radar Services
Page 511 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-9
Page 512 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-10
Page 513 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-11
Page 514 -   PAGE
7-1-14. ATC Inflight Weather Avoidance
Page 515 -   PAGE
Page 516 -   PAGE
TBL 7-1-5
7-1-15. Runway Visual Range (RVR)
Page 517 -   PAGE
TBL 7-1-6
Page 518 -   PAGE
7-1-16. Reporting of Cloud Heights
7-1-17. Reporting Prevailing Visibility
7-1-18. Estimating Intensity of Rain and
Page 519 -   PAGE
7-1-19. Estimating Intensity of Snow or
7-1-20. Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs)
Page 520 -   PAGE
TBL 7-1-7
7-1-21. PIREPs Relating to Airframe Icing
Page 521 -   PAGE
7-1-22. Definitions of Inflight Icing Terms
TBL 7-1-8
Page 522 -   PAGE
TBL 7-1-9
Page 523 -   PAGE
7-1-23. PIREPs Relating to Turbulence
TBL 7-1-10
Page 524 -   PAGE
7-1-24. Wind Shear PIREPs
7-1-25. Clear Air Turbulence (CAT) PIREPs
7-1-26. Microbursts
Page 525 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-12
Page 526 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-13
Page 527 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-14
Page 528 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-15
Page 529 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-16
Page 530 -   PAGE
Page 531 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-17
Page 532 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-18
Page 533 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-19
Page 534 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-20
TBL 7-1-11
Page 535 -   PAGE
7-1-28. Thunderstorms
7-1-27. PIREPs Relating to Volcanic Ash
Page 536 -   PAGE
7-1-29. Thunderstorm Flying
Page 537 -   PAGE
Page 538 -   PAGE
7-1-30. Key to Aerodrome Forecast (TAF) and Aviation Routine Weather Report (METAR)
FIG 7-1-21
Page 539 -   PAGE
FIG 7-1-22
Page 540 -   PAGE
7-1-31. International Civil Aviation
Page 541 -   PAGE
Page 542 -   PAGE
Page 543 -   PAGE
Page 544 -   PAGE
Page 545 -   PAGE
Page 546 -   PAGE
Page 547 -   PAGE
Page 548 -   PAGE
Page 549 -   PAGE
Page 550 -   PAGE

Section 2. Altimeter Setting Procedures

Page 551 -   PAGE
7-2-1. General
7-2-2. Procedures
Page 552 -   PAGE
TBL 7-2-1
TBL 7-2-2
Page 553 -   PAGE
7-2-3. Altimeter Errors
Page 554 -   PAGE
TBL 7-2-3
7-2-4. High Barometric Pressure
7-2-5. Low Barometric Pressure

Section 3. Wake Turbulence

Page 555 -   PAGE
7-3-1. General
FIG 7-3-1
7-3-2. Vortex Generation
7-3-3. Vortex Strength
Page 556 -   PAGE
FIG 7-3-2
7-3-4. Vortex Behavior
FIG 7-3-3
Page 557 -   PAGE
FIG 7-3-4
FIG 7-3-5
FIG 7-3-6
Page 558 -   PAGE
FIG 7-3-7
Page 559 -   PAGE
7-3-5. Operations Problem Areas
7-3-6. Vortex Avoidance Procedures
Page 560 -   PAGE
7-3-8. Pilot Responsibility
7-3-7. Helicopters
Page 561 -   PAGE
7-3-9. Air Traffic Wake Turbulence
Page 562 -   PAGE

Section 4. Bird Hazards and Flight Over National Refuges, Parks, and Forests

Page 563 -   PAGE
7-4-1. Migratory Bird Activity
7-4-2. Reducing Bird Strike Risks
7-4-3. Reporting Bird Strikes
7-4-4. Reporting Bird and Other Wildlife
Page 564 -   PAGE
7-4-5. Pilot Advisories on Bird and Other
7-4-6. Flights Over Charted U.S. Wildlife

Section 5. Potential Flight Hazards

Page 565 -   PAGE
7-5-1. Accident Cause Factors
7-5-2. VFR in Congested Areas
7-5-3. Obstructions To Flight
Page 566 -   PAGE
7-5-4. Avoid Flight Beneath Unmanned
7-5-5. Unmanned Aircraft Systems
Page 567 -   PAGE
7-5-6. Mountain Flying
Page 568 -   PAGE
Page 569 -   PAGE
7-5-7. Use of Runway Half-way Signs at
Page 570 -   PAGE
7-5-8. Seaplane Safety
FIG 7-5-1
Page 571 -   PAGE
TBL 7-5-1
7-5-9. Flight Operations in Volcanic Ash
Page 572 -   PAGE
7-5-10. Emergency Airborne Inspection of
Page 573 -   PAGE
7-5-11. Precipitation Static
Page 574 -   PAGE
7-5-12. Light Amplification by Stimulated
Page 575 -   PAGE
7-5-13. Flying in Flat Light, Brown Out
Page 576 -   PAGE
Page 577 -   PAGE
7-5-14. Operations in Ground Icing
Page 578 -   PAGE
7-5-15. Avoid Flight in the Vicinity of
FIG 7-5-2

Section 6. Safety, Accident, and Hazard Reports

Page 579 -   PAGE
7-6-1. Aviation Safety Reporting Program
7-6-2. Aircraft Accident and Incident
Page 580 -   PAGE
7-6-3. Near Midair Collision Reporting
Page 581 -   PAGE
7-6-4. Unidentified Flying Object (UFO)
7-6-5. Safety Alerts For Operators (SAFO)
Page 582 -   PAGE

Chapter 8. Medical Facts for Pilots

Section 1. Fitness for Flight

Page 583 -   PAGE
8-1-1. Fitness For Flight
Page 584 -   PAGE
Page 585 -   PAGE
8-1-2. Effects of Altitude
Page 586 -   PAGE
Page 587 -   PAGE
8-1-3. Hyperventilation in Flight
8-1-4. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in
8-1-5. Illusions in Flight
Page 588 -   PAGE
8-1-6. Vision in Flight
Page 589 -   PAGE
Page 590 -   PAGE
8-1-7. Aerobatic Flight
8-1-8. Judgment Aspects of Collision
Page 591 -   PAGE
Page 592 -   PAGE

Chapter 9. Aeronautical Charts and Related Publications

Section 1. Types of Charts Available

Page 593 -   PAGE
9-1-1. General
9-1-2. Obtaining Aeronautical Charts
9-1-3. Selected Charts and Products
9-1-4. General Description of Each Chart
Page 594 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-1
FIG 9-1-2
Page 595 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-3
Page 596 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-4
Page 597 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-5
FIG 9-1-6
Page 598 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-7
FIG 9-1-8
Page 599 -   PAGE
Page 600 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-9
FIG 9-1-10
Page 601 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-11
Page 602 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-12
FIG 9-1-13
Page 603 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-14
Page 604 -   PAGE
FIG 9-1-15
Page 605 -   PAGE
9-1-5. Where and How to Get Charts of
Page 606 -   PAGE

Chapter 10. Helicopter Operations

Section 1. Helicopter IFR Operations

Page 607 -   PAGE
10-1-1. Helicopter Flight Control Systems
Page 608 -   PAGE
Page 609 -   PAGE
10-1-2. Helicopter Instrument Approaches
Page 610 -   PAGE
TBL 10-1-1
Page 611 -   PAGE
10-1-3. Helicopter Approach Procedures
Page 612 -   PAGE
10-1-4. The Gulf of Mexico Grid System
Page 613 -   PAGE
Page 614 -   PAGE

Section 2. Special Operations

Page 615 -   PAGE
10-2-1. Offshore Helicopter Operations
Page 616 -   PAGE
Page 617 -   PAGE
FIG 10-2-1
Page 618 -   PAGE
Page 619 -   PAGE
FIG 10-2-2
TBL 10-2-1
Page 620 -   PAGE
Page 621 -   PAGE
10-2-2. Helicopter Night VFR Operations
Page 622 -   PAGE
Page 623 -   PAGE
FIG 10-2-3
Page 624 -   PAGE
TBL 10-2-2
10-2-3. Landing Zone Safety
Page 625 -   PAGE
FIG 10-2-4
FIG 10-2-5
Page 626 -   PAGE
FIG 10-2-6
Page 627 -   PAGE
TBL 10-2-3
Page 628 -   PAGE
FIG 10-2-7
Page 629 -   PAGE
FIG 10-2-8
Page 630 -   PAGE
10-2-4. Emergency Medical Service (EMS)
Page 631 -   PAGE
FIG 10-2-9
Page 632 -   PAGE

Appendices

Appendix 1. Bird/Other Wildlife Strike Report

Page 633 -   PAGE
Page 634 -   PAGE

Appendix 2. Volcanic Activity Reporting Form (VAR)

Page 635 -   PAGE
Page 636 -   PAGE

Appendix 3. Abbreviations/Acronyms

Page 637 -   PAGE
Page 638 -   PAGE
Page 639 -   PAGE
Page 640 -   PAGE
Page 641 -   PAGE
Page 642 -   PAGE

Pilot/Controller Glossary

Page 643 -   PAGE
PCG-1
Page 644 -   PAGE

A

Page 645 -   PAGE
Page 646 -   PAGE
Page 647 -   PAGE
Page 648 -   PAGE
Page 649 -   PAGE
Page 650 -   PAGE
Page 651 -   PAGE
Page 652 -   PAGE
Page 653 -   PAGE
Page 654 -   PAGE
Page 655 -   PAGE
Page 656 -   PAGE
Page 657 -   PAGE
Page 658 -   PAGE
Page 659 -   PAGE
Page 660 -   PAGE

B

Page 661 -   PAGE
Page 662 -   PAGE

C

Page 663 -   PAGE
Page 664 -   PAGE
Page 665 -   PAGE
Page 666 -   PAGE
Page 667 -   PAGE
Page 668 -   PAGE
Page 669 -   PAGE
Page 670 -   PAGE
Page 671 -   PAGE
Page 672 -   PAGE

D

Page 673 -   PAGE
Page 674 -   PAGE
Page 675 -   PAGE
Page 676 -   PAGE

E

Page 677 -   PAGE
Page 678 -   PAGE

F

Page 679 -   PAGE
Page 680 -   PAGE
Page 681 -   PAGE
Page 682 -   PAGE
Page 683 -   PAGE
Page 684 -   PAGE

G

Page 685 -   PAGE
Page 686 -   PAGE
Page 687 -   PAGE
Page 688 -   PAGE

H

Page 689 -   PAGE
Page 690 -   PAGE
Page 691 -   PAGE
Page 692 -   PAGE

I

Page 693 -   PAGE
Page 694 -   PAGE
Page 695 -   PAGE
Page 696 -   PAGE
Page 697 -   PAGE
Page 698 -   PAGE

J

Page 699 -   PAGE
Page 700 -   PAGE

K

Page 701 -   PAGE
Page 702 -   PAGE

L

Page 703 -   PAGE
Page 704 -   PAGE
Page 705 -   PAGE
Page 706 -   PAGE

M

Page 707 -   PAGE
Page 708 -   PAGE
Page 709 -   PAGE
Page 710 -   PAGE
Page 711 -   PAGE
Page 712 -   PAGE

N

Page 713 -   PAGE
Page 714 -   PAGE
Page 715 -   PAGE
Page 716 -   PAGE

O

Page 717 -   PAGE
Page 718 -   PAGE
Page 719 -   PAGE
Page 720 -   PAGE

P

Page 721 -   PAGE
Page 722 -   PAGE
Page 723 -   PAGE
Page 724 -   PAGE
Page 725 -   PAGE
Page 726 -   PAGE

Q

Page 727 -   PAGE
Page 728 -   PAGE

R

Page 729 -   PAGE
Page 730 -   PAGE
Page 731 -   PAGE
Page 732 -   PAGE
Page 733 -   PAGE
Page 734 -   PAGE
Page 735 -   PAGE
Page 736 -   PAGE

S

Page 737 -   PAGE
Page 738 -   PAGE
Page 739 -   PAGE
Page 740 -   PAGE
Page 741 -   PAGE
Page 742 -   PAGE
Page 743 -   PAGE
Page 744 -   PAGE
Page 745 -   PAGE
Page 746 -   PAGE

T

Page 747 -   PAGE
Page 748 -   PAGE
Page 749 -   PAGE
Page 750 -   PAGE
Page 751 -   PAGE
Page 752 -   PAGE
Page 753 -   PAGE
Page 754 -   PAGE
Page 755 -   PAGE
Page 756 -   PAGE

U

Page 757 -   PAGE
Page 758 -   PAGE

V

Page 759 -   PAGE
Page 760 -   PAGE
Page 761 -   PAGE
Page 762 -   PAGE

W

Page 763 -   PAGE
Page 764 -   PAGE

Index

Page 765 -   PAGE
Page 766 -   PAGE
Page 767 -   PAGE
Page 768 -   PAGE
Page 769 -   PAGE
Page 770 -   PAGE
Page 771 -   PAGE
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