12/10/15 Pilot/Controller Glossary
(See DIGITAL-AUTOMATIC TERMINAL
(See ICAO Term DECISION
(See DIRECT ALTITUDE AND IDENTITY
DANGER AREA [ICAO]- An airspace of defined
dimensions within which activities dangerous to the
flight of aircraft may exist at specified times.
Note: The term "Danger Area" is not used in
reference to areas within the United States or any
of its possessions or territories.
(See DELAY ASSIGNMENT.)
(See ALPHANUMERIC DISPLAY.)
DEAD RECKONING- Dead reckoning, as applied
to flying, is the navigation of an airplane solely by
means of computations based on airspeed, course,
heading, wind direction, and speed, groundspeed,
and elapsed time.
DECISION ALTITUDE/DECISION HEIGHT
[ICAO Annex 6]- A specified altitude or height (A/H)
in the precision approach at which a missed approach
must be initiated if the required visual reference to
continue the approach has not been established.
1. Decision altitude (DA) is referenced to mean sea
level and decision height (DH) is referenced to the
2. Category II and III minima are expressed as a DH
and not a DA. Minima is assessed by reference to a
radio altimeter and not a barometric altimeter, which
makes the minima a DH.
3. The required visual reference means that section of
the visual aids or of the approach area which should
have been in view for sufficient time for the pilot to
have made an assessment of the aircraft position and
rate of change of position, in relation to the desired
Decision altitude (DA) - A specified altitude (mean
sea level (MSL)) on an instrument approach
procedure (ILS, GLS, vertically guided RNAV) at
which the pilot must decide whether to continue the
approach or initiate an immediate missed approach if
the pilot does not see the required visual references.
DECISION HEIGHT- With respect to the operation
of aircraft, means the height at which a decision must
be made during an ILS or PAR instrument approach
to either continue the approach or to execute a missed
(See ICAO term DECISION
DECODER- The device used to decipher signals
received from ATCRBS transponders to effect their
display as select codes.
DEFENSE AREA- Any airspace of the contiguous
United States that is not an ADIZ in which the control
of aircraft is required for reasons of national security.
DEFENSE VISUAL FLIGHT RULES- Rules
applicable to flights within an ADIZ conducted under
the visual flight rules in 14 CFR Part 91.
(See AIR DEFENSE IDENTIFICATION ZONE.)
(Refer to 14 CFR Part 91.)
(Refer to 14 CFR Part 99.)
DELAY ASSIGNMENT (DAS)- Delays are distrib-
uted to aircraft based on the traffic management
program parameters. The delay assignment is
calculated in 15-minute increments and appears as a
table in Traffic Flow Management System (TFMS).
DELAY INDEFINITE (REASON IF KNOWN)
EXPECT FURTHER CLEARANCE (TIME)- Used
by ATC to inform a pilot when an accurate estimate
of the delay time and the reason for the delay cannot
immediately be determined; e.g., a disabled aircraft
on the runway, terminal or center area saturation,
weather below landing minimums, etc.
(See EXPECT FURTHER CLEARANCE (TIME).)
DELAY TIME- The amount of time that the arrival
must lose to cross the meter fix at the assigned meter
fix time. This is the difference between ACLT and