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5-5-5. Missed Approach
1. Executes a missed approach when one of the
following conditions exist:
(a) Arrival at the Missed Approach
Point (MAP) or the Decision Height (DH) and visual
reference to the runway environment is insufficient to
complete the landing.
(b) Determines that a safe approach or
landing is not possible (see subparagraph 5-4-21h).
(c) Instructed to do so by ATC.
2. Advises ATC that a missed approach will be
made. Include the reason for the missed approach
unless the missed approach is initiated by ATC.
3. Complies with the missed approach instruc-
tions for the IAP being executed from the MAP,
unless other missed approach instructions are
specified by ATC.
4. If executing a missed approach prior to
reaching the MAP, fly the lateral navigation path of
the instrument procedure to the MAP. Climb to the
altitude specified in the missed approach procedure,
except when a maximum altitude is specified
between the final approach fix (FAF) and the MAP. In
that case, comply with the maximum altitude
restriction. Note, this may require a continued
descent on the final approach.
5. When applicable, apply cold temperature
correction to the published missed approach segment.
Advise ATC when intending to apply cold
temperature correction and of the amount of
correction required on initial contact (or as soon as
possible). This information is required for ATC to
provide aircraft appropriate vertical separation
between known traffic. The pilot must not apply an
altitude correction to an assigned altitude when
provided an initial heading to fly or radar vector in
lieu of published missed approach procedures, unless
approved by ATC.
AIM, Paragraph 7-2-3 , Altimeter Errors
AIM, TBL 7-2-3, ICAO Cold Temperature Error
6. Following a missed approach, requests
clearance for specific action; i.e., another approach,
hold for improved conditions, proceed to an alternate
1. Issues an approved alternate missed approach
procedure if it is desired that the pilot execute a
procedure other than as depicted on the instrument
2. May vector a radar identified aircraft
executing a missed approach when operationally
advantageous to the pilot or the controller.
3. In response to the pilot's stated intentions,
issues a clearance to an alternate airport, to a holding
fix, or for reentry into the approach sequence, as
traffic conditions permit.
5-5-6. Radar Vectors
1. Promptly complies with headings and
altitudes assigned to you by the controller.
2. Questions any assigned heading or altitude
believed to be incorrect.
3. If operating VFR and compliance with any
radar vector or altitude would cause a violation of any
CFR, advises ATC and obtains a revised clearance or
1. Vectors aircraft in Class A, Class B, Class C,
Class D, and Class E airspace:
(a) For separation.
(b) For noise abatement.
(c) To obtain an operational advantage for the
pilot or controller.
2. Vectors aircraft in Class A, Class B, Class C,
Class D, Class E, and Class G airspace when
requested by the pilot.
3. Vectors IFR aircraft at or above minimum
4. May vector VFR aircraft, not at an ATC
assigned altitude, at any altitude. In these cases,
terrain separation is the pilot's responsibility.
5-5-7. Safety Alert
1. Initiates appropriate action if a safety alert is
received from ATC.
Pilot/Controller Roles and Responsibilities 5-5-3