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Holding Pattern Descriptive Terms
j. Holding pattern airspace protection is based on
the following procedures.
1. Descriptive Terms.
(a) Standard Pattern. Right turns
(See FIG 5-3-3.)
(b) Nonstandard Pattern. Left turns
(a) All aircraft may hold at the following
altitudes and maximum holding airspeeds:
Altitude (MSL) Airspeed (KIAS)
MHA - 6,000' 200
6,001' - 14,000' 230
14,001' and above 265
(b) The following are exceptions to the
maximum holding airspeeds:
(1) Holding patterns from 6,001' to
14,000' may be restricted to a maximum airspeed of
210 KIAS. This nonstandard pattern will be depicted
by an icon.
(2) Holding patterns may be restricted to a
maximum speed. The speed restriction is depicted in
parenthesis inside the holding pattern on the chart:
e.g., (175). The aircraft should be at or below the
maximum speed prior to initially crossing the holding
fix to avoid exiting the protected airspace. Pilots
unable to comply with the maximum airspeed
restriction should notify ATC.
(3) Holding patterns at USAF airfields
only - 310 KIAS maximum, unless otherwise
(4) Holding patterns at Navy fields only -
230 KIAS maximum, unless otherwise depicted.
(5) When a climb-in hold is specified by a
published procedure (e.g., "Climb-in holding
pattern to depart XYZ VORTAC at or above 10,000."
or "All aircraft climb-in TRUCK holding pattern to
cross TRUCK Int at or above 11,500 before
proceeding on course."), additional obstacle protec-
tion area has been provided to allow for greater
airspeeds in the climb for those aircraft requiring
them. The holding pattern template for a maximum
airspeed of 310 KIAS has been used for the holding
pattern if there are no airspeed restrictions on the
holding pattern as specified in subparagraph j2(b)(2)
of this paragraph. Where the holding pattern is
restricted to a maximum airspeed of 175 KIAS, the
200 KIAS holding pattern template has been applied
for published climb-in hold procedures for altitudes
6,000 feet and below and the 230 KIAS holding
pattern template has been applied for altitudes above
6,000 feet. The airspeed limitations in 14 CFR
Section 91.117, Aircraft Speed, still apply.
(c) The following phraseology may be used
by an ATCS to advise a pilot of the maximum holding
airspeed for a holding pattern airspace area.
(AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION) (holding instructions,
when needed) MAXIMUM HOLDING AIRSPEED IS
(speed in knots).
En Route Procedures 5-3-11