Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM), page 224

Index   223 -- Page 224 -- 225


tower, but where approved standard separation is not
provided to aircraft conducting practice instrument
approaches, the tower will approve the practice
approach, instruct the aircraft to maintain VFR and
issue traffic information, as required.

j. When an aircraft notifies a FSS providing Local
Airport Advisory to the airport concerned of the
intent to conduct a practice instrument approach and
whether or not separation is to be provided, the pilot
will be instructed to contact the appropriate facility
on a specified frequency prior to initiating the
approach. At airports where separation is not
provided, the FSS will acknowledge the message and
issue known traffic information but will neither
approve or disapprove the approach.

k. Pilots conducting practice instrument ap-
proaches should be particularly alert for other aircraft
operating in the local traffic pattern or in proximity to
the airport.

4-3-22. Option Approach

The "Cleared for the Option" procedure will permit
an instructor, flight examiner or pilot the option to
make a touch-and-go, low approach, missed
approach, stop-and-go, or full stop landing. This
procedure can be very beneficial in a training
situation in that neither the student pilot nor examinee
would know what maneuver would be accomplished.
The pilot should make a request for this procedure
passing the final approach fix inbound on an
instrument approach or entering downwind for a VFR
traffic pattern. After ATC approval of the option, the
pilot should inform ATC as soon as possible of any
delay on the runway during their stop-and-go or full
stop landing. The advantages of this procedure as a
training aid are that it enables an instructor or
examiner to obtain the reaction of a trainee or
examinee under changing conditions, the pilot would
not have to discontinue an approach in the middle of
the procedure due to student error or pilot proficiency
requirements, and finally it allows more flexibility
and economy in training programs. This procedure
will only be used at those locations with an
operational control tower and will be subject to ATC

4-3-23. Use of Aircraft Lights
a. Aircraft position lights are required to be lighted
on aircraft operated on the surface and in flight from
sunset to sunrise. In addition, aircraft equipped with
an anti-collision light system are required to operate
that light system during all types of operations (day
and night). However, during any adverse meteorolog-
ical conditions, the pilot-in-command may
determine that the anti-collision lights should be
turned off when their light output would constitute a
hazard to safety (14 CFR Section 91.209).
Supplementary strobe lights should be turned off on
the ground when they adversely affect ground
personnel or other pilots, and in flight when there are
adverse reflection from clouds.
b. An aircraft anti-collision light system can use
one or more rotating beacons and/or strobe lights, be
colored either red or white, and have different (higher
than minimum) intensities when compared to other
aircraft. Many aircraft have both a rotating beacon
and a strobe light system.
c. The FAA has a voluntary pilot safety program,
Operation Lights On, to enhance the see-and-avoid
concept. Pilots are encouraged to turn on their landing
lights during takeoff; i.e., either after takeoff
clearance has been received or when beginning
takeoff roll. Pilots are further encouraged to turn on
their landing lights when operating below
10,000 feet, day or night, especially when operating
within 10 miles of any airport, or in conditions of
reduced visibility and in areas where flocks of birds
may be expected, i.e., coastal areas, lake areas,
around refuse dumps, etc. Although turning on
aircraft lights does enhance the see-and-avoid
concept, pilots should not become complacent about
keeping a sharp lookout for other aircraft. Not all
aircraft are equipped with lights and some pilots may
not have their lights turned on. Aircraft manufactur-
er's recommendations for operation of landing lights
and electrical systems should be observed.
d. Prop and jet blast forces generated by large
aircraft have overturned or damaged several smaller
aircraft taxiing behind them. To avoid similar results,
and in the interest of preventing upsets and injuries to
ground personnel from such forces, the FAA
recommends that air carriers and commercial
operators turn on their rotating beacons anytime their
aircraft engines are in operation. General aviation
pilots using rotating beacon equipped aircraft are also
encouraged to participate in this program which is

4-3-24 Airport Operations

Page 224 of the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM.pdf)
AIM: Official Guide to Basic Flight Information and ATC Procedures

Index   223 -- Page 224 -- 225