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AIM

10/12/17

7−1−26

Meteorology

EXAMPLE−

“Sault Ste. Marie, Chippewa County International Airport

automated weather observation;”

“Sandusky, Cowley Field automated weather observa-

tion.”

(c) The word “TEST” is added following

“OBSERVATION” when the system is not in

commissioned status.

EXAMPLE−

“Bremerton National Airport automated weather observa-

tion test, one four five six zulu.”

(d) The phrase “TEMPORARILY INOPER-

ATIVE” is added when the system is inoperative.

EXAMPLE−

“Bremerton National Airport automated weather observ-

ing system temporarily inoperative.”

2. Visibility.

(a) The lowest reportable visibility value in

AWOS is “less than 

1

/

4

.” It is announced as

“VISIBILITY LESS THAN ONE QUARTER.”

(b) A sensor for determining visibility is not

included in some AWOS. In these systems, visibility

is not announced. “VISIBILITY MISSING” is

announced only if the system is configured with a

visibility sensor and visibility information is not

available.

3. Weather. In the future, some AWOSs are to

be configured to determine the occurrence of

precipitation. However, the type and intensity may

not always be determined. In these systems, the word

“PRECIPITATION” will be announced if precipita-

tion is occurring, but the type and intensity are not

determined.

4. Ceiling and Sky Cover.

(a) Ceiling is announced as either “CEIL-

ING” or “INDEFINITE CEILING.” With the

exception of indefinite ceilings, all automated ceiling

heights are measured.

EXAMPLE−

“Bremerton National Airport automated weather observa-

tion, one four five six zulu. Ceiling two thousand overcast;”

“Bremerton National Airport automated weather observa-

tion, one four five six zulu. Indefinite ceiling two hundred,

sky obscured.”

(b) The word “Clear” is not used in AWOS

due to limitations in the height ranges of the sensors.

No clouds detected is announced as “NO CLOUDS

BELOW XXX” or, in newer systems as “CLEAR

BELOW XXX” (where XXX is the range limit of the

sensor).

EXAMPLE−

“No clouds below one two thousand.”

“Clear below one two thousand.”

(c) A sensor for determining ceiling and sky

cover is not included in some AWOS. In these

systems, ceiling and sky cover are not announced.

“SKY CONDITION MISSING” is announced only if

the system is configured with a ceilometer and the

ceiling and sky cover information is not available.

5. Remarks. If remarks are included in the

observation, the word “REMARKS” is announced

following the altimeter setting.

(a) Automated “Remarks.”

(1) Density Altitude.
(2) Variable Visibility.
(3) Variable Wind Direction.

(b) Manual Input Remarks. Manual input

remarks are prefaced with the phrase “OBSERVER

WEATHER.” As a general rule the manual remarks

are limited to:

(1) Type and intensity of precipitation.
(2) Thunderstorms and direction; and
(3) Obstructions to vision when the visibili-

ty is 3 miles or less.

EXAMPLE−

“Remarks ... density altitude, two thousand five hundred ...

visibility variable between one and two ... wind direction

variable between two four zero and three one zero

...observed weather ... thunderstorm moderate rain

showers and fog ... thunderstorm overhead.”

(c) If an automated parameter is “missing”

and no manual input for that parameter is available,

the parameter is announced as “MISSING.” For

example, a report with the dew point “missing” and

no manual input available, would be announced as

follows:

EXAMPLE−

“Ceiling one thousand overcast ... visibility three ...

precipitation ... temperature three zero, dew point missing

... wind calm ... altimeter three zero zero one.”

(d) “REMARKS” are announced in the

following order of priority: