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Arrival Procedures

5. A holding pattern in lieu of procedure turn

may be specified for course reversal in some

procedures. In such cases, the holding pattern is

established over an intermediate fix or a final

approach fix. The holding pattern distance or time

specified in the profile view must be observed. For a

hold−in−lieu−of−PT, the holding pattern direction

must be flown as depicted and the specified leg

length/timing must not be exceeded. Maximum

holding airspeed limitations as set forth for all

holding patterns apply. The holding pattern maneuver

is completed when the aircraft is established on the

inbound course after executing the appropriate entry.

If cleared for the approach prior to returning to the

holding fix, and the aircraft is at the prescribed

altitude, additional circuits of the holding pattern are

not necessary nor expected by ATC. If pilots elect to

make additional circuits to lose excessive altitude or

to become better established on course, it is their

responsibility to so advise ATC upon receipt of their

approach clearance.


Some approach charts have an arrival holding pattern

depicted at the IAF using a “thin line” holding symbol. It

is charted where holding is frequently required prior to

starting the approach procedure so that detailed holding

instructions are not required. The arrival holding pattern

is not authorized unless assigned by Air Traffic Control.

Holding at the same fix may also be depicted on the en route

chart. A hold−in−lieu of procedure turn is depicted by a

“thick line” symbol, and is part of the instrument approach

procedure as described in paragraph 5−4−9. (See U. S.

Terminal Procedures booklets page E1 for both examples.)

6. A procedure turn is not required when an

approach can be made directly from a specified

intermediate fix to the final approach fix. In such

cases, the term “NoPT” is used with the appropriate

course and altitude to denote that the procedure turn

is not required. If a procedure turn is desired, and

when cleared to do so by ATC, descent below the

procedure turn altitude should not be made until the

aircraft is established on the inbound course, since

some NoPT altitudes may be lower than the

procedure turn altitudes.

b. Limitations on Procedure Turns

1. In the case of a radar initial approach to a final

approach fix or position, or a timed approach from a

holding fix, or where the procedure specifies NoPT,

no pilot may make a procedure turn unless, when final

approach clearance is received, the pilot so advises

ATC and a clearance is received to execute a

procedure turn.

2. When a teardrop procedure turn is depicted

and a course reversal is required, this type turn must

be executed.

3. When a holding pattern replaces a procedure

turn, the holding pattern must be followed, except

when RADAR VECTORING is provided or when

NoPT is shown on the approach course. The

recommended entry procedures will ensure the

aircraft remains within the holding pattern’s

protected airspace. As in the procedure turn, the

descent from the minimum holding pattern altitude to

the final approach fix altitude (when lower) may not

commence until the aircraft is established on the

inbound course. Where a holding pattern is

established in−lieu−of a procedure turn, the maxi-

mum holding pattern airspeeds apply.


AIM, Paragraph 5−3−8 j2, Holding

4. The absence of the procedure turn barb in the

plan view indicates that a procedure turn is not

authorized for that procedure.

5−4−10. Timed Approaches from a Holding


a. TIMED APPROACHES may be conducted

when the following conditions are met:

1. A control tower is in operation at the airport

where the approaches are conducted.

2. Direct communications are maintained be-

tween the pilot and the center or approach controller

until the pilot is instructed to contact the tower.

3. If more than one missed approach procedure

is available, none require a course reversal.

4. If only one missed approach procedure is

available, the following conditions are met:

(a) Course reversal is not required; and,
(b) Reported ceiling and visibility are equal

to or greater than the highest prescribed circling

minimums for the IAP.

5. When cleared for the approach, pilots must

not execute a procedure turn. (14 CFR Sec-

tion 91.175.)

b. Although the controller will not specifically

state that “timed approaches are in use,” the assigning


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