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Airport Operations

made a series of instrument approaches to full stop

landings should inform ATC when they make their

final landing. The controller will control flights

practicing instrument approaches so as to ensure that

they do not disrupt the flow of arriving and departing

itinerant IFR or VFR aircraft. The priority afforded

itinerant aircraft over practice instrument approaches

is not intended to be so rigidly applied that it causes

grossly inefficient application of services. A

minimum delay to itinerant traffic may be appropriate

to allow an aircraft practicing an approach to

complete that approach.


A clearance to land means that appropriate separation on

the landing runway will be ensured. A landing clearance

does not relieve the pilot from compliance with any

previously issued restriction.

c. At airports without a tower, pilots wishing to

make practice instrument approaches should notify

the facility having control jurisdiction of the desired

approach as indicated on the approach chart. All

approach control facilities and ARTCCs are required

to publish a Letter to Airmen depicting those airports

where they provide standard separation to both VFR

and IFR aircraft conducting practice instrument


d. The controller will provide approved separation

between both VFR and IFR aircraft when authoriza-

tion is granted to make practice approaches to airports

where an approach control facility is located and to

certain other airports served by approach control or

an ARTCC. Controller responsibility for separation

of VFR aircraft begins at the point where the

approach clearance becomes effective, or when the

aircraft enters Class B or Class C airspace, or a TRSA,

whichever comes first.

e. VFR aircraft practicing instrument approaches

are not automatically authorized to execute the

missed approach procedure. This authorization must

be specifically requested by the pilot and approved by

the controller. Separation will not be provided unless

the missed approach has been approved by ATC.

f. Except in an emergency, aircraft cleared to

practice instrument approaches must not deviate from

the approved procedure until cleared to do so by the


g. At radar approach control locations when a full

approach procedure (procedure turn, etc.,) cannot be

approved, pilots should expect to be vectored to a

final approach course for a practice instrument

approach which is compatible with the general

direction of traffic at that airport.

h. When granting approval for a practice

instrument approach, the controller will usually ask

the pilot to report to the tower prior to or over the final

approach fix inbound (nonprecision approaches) or

over the outer marker or fix used in lieu of the outer

marker inbound (precision approaches).

i. When authorization is granted to conduct

practice instrument approaches to an airport with a

tower, but where approved standard separation is not

provided to aircraft conducting practice instrument

approaches, the tower will approve the practice

approach, instruct the aircraft to maintain VFR and

issue traffic information, as required.

j. When an aircraft notifies a FSS providing Local

Airport Advisory to the airport concerned of the

intent to conduct a practice instrument approach and

whether or not separation is to be provided, the pilot

will be instructed to contact the appropriate facility

on a specified frequency prior to initiating the

approach. At airports where separation is not

provided, the FSS will acknowledge the message and

issue known traffic information but will neither

approve or disapprove the approach.

k. Pilots conducting practice instrument ap-

proaches should be particularly alert for other aircraft

operating in the local traffic pattern or in proximity to

the airport.

4−3−22. Option Approach
The “Cleared for the Option” procedure will permit

an instructor, flight examiner or pilot the option to

make a touch−and−go, low approach, missed

approach, stop−and−go, or full stop landing. This

procedure can be very beneficial in a training

situation in that neither the student pilot nor examinee

would know what maneuver would be accomplished.

The pilot should make a request for this procedure

passing the final approach fix inbound on an

instrument approach or entering downwind for a VFR

traffic pattern. After ATC approval of the option, the

pilot should inform ATC as soon as possible of any

delay on the runway during their stop-and-go or full

stop landing. The advantages of this procedure as a

training aid are that it enables an instructor or

examiner to obtain the reaction of a trainee or


7110.65R CHG 2